General Awareness - SPLessons
boy2 Chapter 11

Sports and Games

General Awareness - SPLessons

Sports and Games

shape Description

Sports and Games are an essential piece of our life. They are to the body what training is to the brain. Be that as it may, no. they are a fundamental piece of education itself. The individuals who have not played any games in life ought to consider their education deficient. Gandhi greatly regretted for not having given proper consideration regarding games during his developmental years.

  • Games give the best physical exer­cise to a kid.They improve our digestive framework and make us solid and shrewd.In the modern world which is loaded with battle, it is exceptionally important to have a solid body. One, who is physically powerless, is inclined to numerous illnesses.
  • Games make our body flexible. They give us relaxation and entertainment. They ingrain into our brains the soul of sound healthy, discipline, so” Truman-ship and solidarity. They show us to play for play and not to feel discouraged in case of annihilation.
  • Following a day’s hard work at school or college, an understudy can dispose of weariness on the play-ground. Work alone is insufficient. In addition, diversions make our brains new and solid.
  • It must, in any case, be conceded that staying occupied in games all the time at the expense of studies is in no way, shape or form something astute. The savvies thing is to keep a healthy balance between the games and the studies. They ought to be correlative to each other. Regardless, games are fundamental for all round advancement of one’s identity.


shape Concepts

Different kinds of Games:
There are many kinds of games we are having like outdoor games, Indoor games, Video games and now a days many of them attracted towards online games. Other than various Olympic recreations, the sports also likewise incorporate a few games like lawn bowls, rugby sevens and netball, which are played in Commonwealth countries.

  • The Commonwealth Games: Is a multinational, multi-wear event.Presently, there are 53 people from the Commonwealth of Nations. The taking a vested parties number 71. Only six gatherings have gone to every Commonwealth games.
  • Outdoor Games: The outdoor games that we will play at outside and many of childeren are used to play after the school hours at outside. Some of the outdoor games like cricket, football, sailing, shettles etc. The outdoor games that will give physical exercise to a body .
  • Indoor Games: The indoor games that we can play inside and some of the indoor games like carroms, chess, ludo etc.Indoor games were initially invented to individuals entertain themselves inside the bounds of their homes. They were created to pass time at home when, either the climate was terrible or, when, sickness limited a man to his or her bed.

Summer Olympic Games:The Olympic games introduced in 776 BC and it was celebrated in summer at four year intervals in honour of zeus.

  • The games were later suppressed by Roman emperor Theodosius I in about AD 393.In 19 th centuray , the concept of the Olympic Games was received.In 1921 the IOC decided to stage ‘International Sports Week 1924′ in Chanomix France and this event named as the First Olympic Winter Games’.
  • Motto: “Citius, Altius, Fortius:. These are Latin words, which mean ‘Swifter’.Higher and stronger’.They were composed in 1897 by Rev.Father Didon and Baron Pierre de coubertin introduced in 1920 games for the first time.
  • Emblem: Is composed for five intertwined rings, each of a different colour,representing five continents of the world,placed at the center of the Olympic Flag.
  • The Olympic Flag consists 5 rings. In this Colour of Ring represents the continent.
Colour of Ring Continent represented
Blue ring Europe
Yellow ring Asia
Black ring Africa
Red ring america
Green ring Oceania (Austalia)

The Olympic banner is white in shading 3m X 2m and the image put in the center is 206 cm % 60 cm.The banner was executed by Coubertin in 1913 and facilitated in 1920 at the Antwerp recreations.

  • The Olympic tune is ‘We can improve this world a world’ which composed by giargio Morober. This melody sung interestingly at the Seoul Games in 1988.
  • Olympic torch : The Olympic fire symbolizes the progression between the antiquated and the present day Olympics.
  • The Olympic flares begins from 1928 at the Amsterdam stadium and that is utilized to light the fire is at the place of worship of Zeus in Greece.
  • The Olympic Torch Relay: The act of Torch Relay from Olympia to the Venue of the Games was initially presented by German Olympic council for the Berlin diversions in 1936
  • Medals: The medal is around 60 mm in distance across and 3 mm in thickness. The Gold and silver awards are both made of 92.5% unadulterated silver
  • The Olympic Order in gold, silver or bronze decoration awarded to a person who has rendered outstanding services or displayed the Olympic ideals.
  • Mrs.Indira Gandhi was awarded this order in 1983 by the IOC for her contribution to the organization of the New Delhi Asiad(1982)

Presidents of the International Olympic committee is the highest authority of the Olympic Movement.

  • The Execute board of the committee was founded in 1921, and presently consists of the IOC president, four vice presidents and ten other numbers. The IOC president is presently elected for an eight – year, renewable once for four additional years.
  • List of Presents of IOC

1. Demetrius Vikelas (Green)(1894-1896)
2. Pierre de Fredy, Baron de coubertin (France)(1896-1925)
3. Count Hentri de Baillet-Latour (Belgium)(1925-1942)
4. Sigfrid Edstrom (Swden)(1946-1952)
5. Avery Brundage (U.S.A)(1952-1972)
6. Lord Killamin (Ireland)(1972-1980)
7. Juan Antonio Samaranch (spain)(1980-2011)
8. Jacques Rogge (Beligium)(2001-2013)
9. Thomas Bach 10-09-2013………..
Top ten of the 2012 summer Olympic medal table

Rank NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 United States (USA) 46 29 29 104
2 China 38 27 23 88
3 Great Britian 29 17 19 65
4 Russia 24 26 32 82
5 South korea 13 8 7 28
6 Germany 11 19 14 44
7 France 11 11 12 34
8 Italy 8 9 11 28
9 Hungary 8 4 5 17
10 Australia 7 16 12 35
55 India 0 2 4 6

Highest Gold Medals in single Olympics

Year Name Country Event Gold Total
2012 Michael Phelps America Swimming 4 6
2008 Michael Phelps America Swimming 8 8
2004 Michael Phelps America Swimming 6 6
1972 Mark Spitz America Swimming 7 7
1988 Christine otto Germany Swimming 6 6
1992 Vitali Sherbo Egypt Gymnastics 5 7
1920 Willis Lee America Shotting 5 7

A bit of the olympic Trophy’s:

  • The Olympic Cup: this cup was sorted out in 1906 by Coubertin. Its increase is conceded to a foundation which adds to the headway of sports when all is said in done and the olympic improvement particularly. The original cup stays at the Chateau de Vivy in France.
  • Sir Thomas Fearnley Cup: It was organized in 1950 by Sir Thomas Fearnley, a previous IOC part. Also, it was honored to a club or a neighborhood sport relationship for a remarkabale accomplishment in the administration of the Olympics.
  • Mohammed Toher Trophy: It wsa established in 1905 by the previous IOC part Mohammed Toher. It is granted to a beginner competitor, not neccessaril an olympian.
  • Count Alberto Bonacossa Trophy: it is granted to a National Olympic Committee for extraordinary work. It was founded in 1954 by the Italian national Olympic panel out of appreciation for its IOC part Count Alberto Bonacossa.
  • Tokyo Trophy: It was sorted out in 1964 and showed by Tokyo city. It is given for commendable conduct appeared by a contender in the midst of the Games.

Winter Olympics:

  • The winter olympics initiated in 1924. At the point when the principal diversion were held in Chamonix, France.
  • From 1924 to 1992, the Summer and winter recreations were held that year, at regular intervals.
  •  The previous summer and winter diversions are held around the same time were in Barcelona(summer) and Albertville(winter) in 1992.
  •  since these recreations were held separated from the mid year diversions.
  •  The winter games include hockey, skating, speed skating, snow capped skiing, biathlon, and etc.

Winter Olympics Venues:

Year Place Year Place
1924 Chamonix(France) 1972 Sapporo(japan)
1928 St.Moritz(Switzerland) 1976 Innsbruck
1932 LakePlacid(New york) 1980 Lake Placid
1936 Garmisch-Parten Kirchen 1984 Sarajevo(Yugoslavia)
1948 st.Mortiz 1988 Calgary(Alberta)
1952 Oslo(Norway) 1992 Albertville(France)
1956 Cortina d’Ampezzo(italy) 1994 Lillehammer(Norway)
1960 squaw Valley(California) 1998 Nagono(Japan)
1964 Innsbruck(Austria) 2002 Salt lake City(USA)
1968 Grenoble(France) 2006 Torino(Italy)(Scheduled)
2010 Vancouver 2014 Sochi(Russia)


shape Model Questions

1.Asian diversions were held
A. Anually
B. Once every two years
C. Once every three years
D. Once every four years
Answer-
The correct choice is option D i.e.Once every four years.

2.How numerous nations took an interest in the main asian Games held in 1951?
A. 31
B. 21
C. 11
D. 5
Answer-
The correct choice is option C i.e.11.

3.The 2018 Asian Games are planned to be held in
A. Indonesia
B. China
C. India
D. Vietnam
Answer-
The correct choice is option A i.e.Indonesia.

4.Olympics games started in
A. Athens
B. Rome
C. Carthage
D. Olympia
Answer-
The correct choice is option D i.e.Olympia.

5.The right Olympic maxim is
A. Altius-Fortius-Citius
B. Citius-Altius-Fortius
c. Fortius-Citius-altius
D. Citius-Fortius-Altius
Answer-
The correct choice is option B i.e.Citius-Altius-Fortius.

6.The routine of olympic torch relay began with
A. Olympic games in Berlin
B. Olympic games in Tokyo
C. Olympic games in Athens
D. Olympic games in Oslo
Answer-
The correct choice is option A i.e.Olympic games in Berlin.

7.Which of the accompanying areas have NEVER facilitated summer olympics games
A. Paris
B. antwerp
C. NewYork
D. Seoul
Answer-
The correct choice is option C i.e.NewYork.

8.Who was the primary president of the International olympic Committee(IOC)?
A. Pierre de Coubertin
B. Dimitrias Vikelas
C. Sigfrid Edstrom
D. Henri de Baillet
Answer-
The correct choice is option B i.e.Dimitrias Vikelas.

9.Which of the following was not made/composed by pierre de Coubertin?
A. Olympic Motto
B. Olympic Rings
C. Olympic Flag
D. Olympic Oath
Answer-
The correct choice is option A i.e.Olympic Motto.

10.The first olympic winter games were held in?
A. Moscow
B. Oslo
C. Athens
D. Chamonix
Answer-
The correct choice is option i.e. Chamonix.