RRB NTPC - SPLessons

About RRB

Chapter 1

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About RRB

shape Introduction

Railway Recruitment Board is a government organisation in India. It was set up in 1998 in the Ministry of Railways (Railway Board), New Delhi.

Railway Recruitment Board Objectives:


  • Formulation of policy in regard to recruitment procedures.

  • To monitor the activities of all Railway Recruitment Boards (RRBs) including expenditure incurred for recruitment.

  • To evaluate the performance of RRB’s and advise them on priorities as required.

  • To organise a management information system for monitoring work done by RRB’s.


shape RRB's

Railway Recruitment Boards are organisations under the Government of India that manage the appointment of new employees to work in Indian railways. There are 21 boards situated in different parts of India:

Railway Recruitment Boards
Ahemadabad Chandigarh Mumbai
Ajmer Chennai Muzaffarpur
Allahabad Gorakhpur Patna
Banglore Guwahati Ranchi
Bhopal Jammu and Kashmir Secunderabad
Bhubaneswar Kolkata Siliguri
Bilaspur Malda Thiruvantha-puram


shape History

In 1942, a Service Commission with a Chairman and two members was established for recruitment of Subordinate Staff on the then North West Railway was known as Railway Service Commission.

  • In 1945, the Services Commissions were set up at Bombay, Calcutta, Madras and Lucknow.

  • In 1948, the Indian Railway Enquiry Committee reviewed working on commissions.

  • In 1949, due to financial constraints, a ban was imposed on recruitments on Indian Railways thus numbers of commissions was reduced to one centrally located at Bombay.

  • In 1953-54 when Economic conditions of Indian Railway improved, four service commission were again set up at Bombay, Madras, Allahabad and Calcutta.

  • In 1956, the Estimates committee generally approved the method of recruitment by the constitution of the Railway Service Commissions.

  • In 1983, to cater to the needs of areas which were being neglected due to locations of the existing commissions, seven more commissions were set up viz, at Ahmedabad, Ajmer, Bhopal, Bhuvneshwar, Chandigarh, Jammu and Srinagar with sitting at Leh and Trivandrum.

  • In 1984 two more service commissions were set up at Malda and Gorakhpur.

  • In January, 1985 Railway Service Commissions have been renamed as Railway Recruitment Board (RRB). At present 19 Railway Recruitment Boards are functioning.


shape Quick Facts

  • It is the state owned railway company of India, overseen by the Ministry of Railways.

  • The first time a rail locomotive was used in India on 21st Dec. 1851 over Ganga Canal near Town Rurki.

  • First train in India ran between Bori Bunder, Bombay to Thane on Saturday 16th April 1853, with 14 carriages / coaches and 400 guests and journey of 33.81 kms taking 1:15 hrs. It was the first commercial passenger service.

  • By 1947, there were 42 rail system or railway companies.

  • The Great Indian Peninsula Railway was the first railway company of India.

  • The first train was hauled by three engines – Sindh, Sahib and Sultan, the Steam Locomotives.

  • The Great Indian Peninsula Railway took a set of 8 locomotives from Vulcan Foundry, England in the beginning of operation in India.

  • In December 1851, first steam engine Thomason was operated in Roorkee, second was named after Bombay Governor as Lord Falkland, and third was used as trial run of the passenger train in Nov. 1852.

  • On August 15, 1854, the first passenger train in eastern section ran between Howrah to Hooghly (24 miles).

  • On March 3, 1859, North India got its first passenger train ran between Allahabad and Kanpur (180 Kms).

  • In 1895, India started manufacturing its own locomotives.

  • In September 1921 Acworth Committee headed by William Acworth decided to separate railway finances from general finances. In 1904, the idea to electrify the rail network was proposed.

  • In 1925, India’s first ever railway budget was presented.

  • The first electric train on Feb 3, 1925 ran on Mumbai Victoria Terminus (VT) – Kurla branch line, a distance of 16 kms.

  • In 1951, these 42 companies were nationalised as one unit.

  • On April 14, 1951, Southern Railway was formed.

  • On April 14, 1952, Northern Railway was formed.

  • In 1970, the last steam Locomotive was rolled out of Chittaranjan Locomotive works. By 1985, steam Locomotives were phased out.

  • The third class in the Indian Railway was abolished in 1974.

  • Railway Fund to assist victims of railway accidents was set up in 1974.

  • In 1977, India got its first Railway Museum spreading over 10 acres in New Delhi.

  • On March 31, 1978, Railways were split into 9 zones.

  • On October 24, 1984, Kolkata became the first Indian city where first metro rail ran 25 kms from Calcutta to Dumdum.

  • In 1985, steam locomotives were replaced by diesel and electric locomotives.

  • In 1987, computerization of reservation was first carried out in Bombay.

  • In 1989, Indian train numbers were standardised to 4 digits.

  • On 24 march 1994, first live telecast of railway budget took place.

  • In 1995, entire railway reservation was computerised through the railways internet.

  • In 1998 Konkan railway was opened for public.

  • In 1999, Fairy Queen bagged the National Tourism Award for most innovative and unique Tourism Venture.

  • In 2000, Mamta Banerjee became the first woman Railway Minister of India.

  • On December 24, 2002, Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) began its operation in Delhi.

  • Six times Rail Budgets were presented by the Railway Minister Lalu Prasad Yadav from 2004 to 2009.

  • On Monday, February 1, 2010 Wi-Fi facility was first launched at Mysore Railway station.

  • On October 20, 2011, Bengaluru got Namma Metro.

  • On June 8, 2014, Mumbai got Mumbai Metro and Mumbai Monorail.

  • The largest platform in India is Kharagpur (W.B.), i.e. 2733 feet long.

  • The longest railway tunnel is Konkan (Maharashtra), i.e. 65 km.

  • The longest rail bridge is across Godavari river i.e. 10052 feet long.

  • Chenab Railway Bridge Kalra (J&K) 359 metres/1177 feet will be world’s highest bridge by Dec. 2016. It will surpass current tallest over Beipanjiang river in China (i.e. 275 meters high).

  • The largest marshalling yard is at Mughal Sarai.

  • Seven classes are at present: (1) AC-1T, (2) AC-2T, (3) AC-3T, (4) Sleeper, (5) AC chair car, (6) First class and (7) Second class.