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Articles of Indian Constitution

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Articles of Indian Constitution

Articles of Indian Constitution

shape Introduction

The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India. The article of Indian Constitution provides the details about the important articles of the Constitution of India. This is an important article in Civics & Polity and is useful for all competitive exams.


shape Articles

Indian Constitution lays down the framework defining fundamental political principles, establishes the structure, procedures, powers and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, principles and the duties of citizens. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly  on 26 November 1949, and came into effect on 26 January 1950. With its adoption, India celebrates its coming into force on 26 January each year, as Republic day.

After the independence of India in 1947, it took 2 years 11 months and 18 days to build the Indian constitution. When the draft was prepared and put for debate and discussion,over 2000 amendments were made, before it was finalized. Indian constitution is the longest written constitution. It contains 448 articles in 22 parts, 12 Schedules. Indian constitution was hand written and was both in Hindi and English.

Below table contais the Important Articles Of Indian Constitution:

Articles for
Article 1 Name and Territory of Union
Article 3 New States Formation, Alteration of Boundaries etc.
Article 13 Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the Fundamental Rights
Article 14 Equality before Law (popularly known as Right to Equality)
Article 15 Prohibition of Discrimination (on basis of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth)
Article 16 Equality in case of Public Employment
Article 17 Abolition of Untouchability
Article 18 Abolition of Titles
Article 19 Protection of Certain Rights to Freedom (popularly known as Right to Freedom)
Article 19a Freedom of Speech & Expression
Article 19b Right to Peaceful Assembly
Article 19c Freedom of Association
Article 19d Right to Move Freely through India
Article 19e Freedom of Settlement & Residence
Article 19f (Omitted as a fundamental right – governed by article 300A.) Right to Own Personal Property.
Article 19g Freedom to Practise any Profession, Occupation, Trade or Business
Article 21 Right to Life and Personal Liberty
Article 21A Right to Education
Article 23 Prohibition of Human Trafficking and Forced Labour
Article 24 Prohibition of Child Labour
Article 25 Freedom to Practise & Propagate Religion Freely
Article 29 Protection of Interests of Minorities
Article 32 Remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights including writs
Article 44 Uniform Civil Code
Article 50 Separation of Judiciary from Executive
Article 51 Promotion of International Peace and Security
Article 51A Fundamental Duties
Article 72 Powers of President to Grant Pardons etc.
Article 76 Attorney-General of India
Article 78 Duties of Prime Minister
Article 85 Sessions of Parliament, Prorogation and Dissolution
Article 93 The Speaker & Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha
Article 100 Voting in Houses
Article 105 Powers, Privileges etc. of Members of Parliament
Article 106 Salaries and Allowances of Members of Parliament
Article 108 Joint Sitting of both Houses of Parliament
Article 109-110 Money Bills
Article 112 Budget
Article 123 President’s Power to Promulgate Ordinance while Parliament in Recess
Article 127 Appointment of ad hoc Judges in the Supreme Court
Article 139 Supreme Court’s Powers to Issue Certain Writs
Article 141 Supreme Court’s Law Binding on All Courts
Article 148-149 Comptroller and Auditor-General of India
Article 155 Appointment of Governor
Article 161 Power of Governors to Grant Pardon etc.
Article 165 Advocate-General for the State
Article 167 Duties of Chief Minister
Article 224 Appointment of Additional & Acting Judges in High Courts
Article 224A Appointment of Retired Judges in High Courts
Article 226 Power of High Courts to issue writs
Article 280 Finance Commission
Article 312 All India Services
Article 324 Election Commission
Article 335 SCs and STs claim to Services and Posts
Article 343 Official Language
Article 352 National Emergency
Article 356 President’s Rule in case of Failure of Constitutional Machinery in States
Article 360 Financial Emergency
Article 368 Power of Parliament to Amend the Constitution
Article 370 Temporary provisions with respect to the state of Jammu and Kashmir