Computer Awareness - SPLessons

Computer Shortcuts and Abbreviations

Chapter 11

SPLessons 5 Steps, 3 Clicks
5 Steps - 3 Clicks

Computer Shortcuts and Abbreviations

Computer Shortcuts and Abbreviations

shape Introduction

Computer Abbreviations are initialisms and acronyms in common and current usage by members of the Information Technology community. These acronyms are used to discuss LAN, the internet, WAN, routing and switching protocols, and their applicable organizations etc. Many are concerned with the technical aspects of the computer while others deal with personal communication. Below are the Computer Shortcuts and Abbreviations from A to Z.

shape Concepts

Abbreviations

ADC: Analog to Digital Converter

ARP: Address Resolution Protocol

ALGOL: Algorithmic Language

ALU: Arithmetic and Logical Unit

ANSI: American National Standard Institute

API: Application Program Interface

ASCII: American Standard Code for Information Interchange

ATM: Asynchronous Transfer Mode

ADF: Automatic Document Folder

BINAC: Binary Automatic Research Center

BCC: Blind Carbon Copy

BMP: Bitmap/Basic Multilingual Plane

BARC: Bhabha Atomic Research Center

BASIC: Beginner’s All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code

BCD: Binary Coded Decimal

BCR: Bar Code Reader

BIOS: Basic Input Output System

BPS: Byte Per Second

BSNL: Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited

BPEL: Business Process Execution Language

CC: Carbon Copy

CMOS: Complementary Metal Oxide Semi Conductor

CAD: Computer Aided Design

CLASS: Computer Literacy and Studies in School

COBOL: Common Business Oriented Language

CD: Compact Disc

COMAL: Common Algorithmic Language

CRT: Cathod Ray Tube

CSS: Cascading Style Sheets

CUA: Control User Access

CTCP: Client to Client Protocol

CG: Computer Graphics

CGI: Common Gateway Interface

COM: Common Object Mode

CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access

COMPUTER: Common Oriented Machine particularly used for Trade Education and Research

DAC: Digital to Analog Converter

DAP: Directory Access Protocol

DBMS: Data Base Management System

DBA: Data Base Administrator

DCC: Direct client to Client

DCL: Digital Command Language

DFD: Data Flow Diagram

DFS: Distributed File system

DHTML: Dynamic Hyper Text Markup Language

DLL: Dynamic Link Library

DMA: Direct Memory Access

DNS: Domain name System

DLP: Digital Light Processing

DNS: Domain Name System

DRAM: Dynamic Random Access Memory

DRDO: Defense Research and Development Organisation

DSL: Digital Subscriber Line

DSN: Database Source Name

DTP:Desktop Publishing

DVD: Digital Video Disc

DVDR: Digital Video Disc Recordable

EBCDIC: Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code

E-Commerce:Electronic Commerce

EDP: Electronic Data Processing

EXE: Executable

FAX: Far Away Xerox

FDC: Floppy Disk Controller

FIFO:First In First Out

FORTAN: Formula Translation

FTP: File Transfer Protocol

FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions

GB: Giga Byte

GIF: Graphics Interchange Format

GIGO: Garbage In Garbage Out

GPU:Graphics Processing Unit

GSM: Global System for Mobile Communication

GUI: Graphical User Interface

HCL: Human Computer Interaction

HPFS: High Performance File system

HDD: Hard Disk Drive

HP: Hewlett Packard

HTTP: Hyper Text Transfer Protocol

IBM: International Business machine

IS:Information System

IMAP: Internet Message Access Protocol

iOS: iphone Operating System

IP: Internet Protocol

ISDN: Integrated Services Digital networks

INSOC: Internet Society

ISP: Internet Service Provider

ISR: Internet Service Routine

IT: Information Technology

JPEG: Joint Photographic Expert Group

JRE: Java Runtime Environment

JSP: Java Server Pages

JUG: Java User Group

KBPS: Kilobit Per Second

LCD: Liquid Crystal Display

LDU: Liquid Display Unit

LED:Light Emitting Diode

LIFO:Last In First Out

LPI: Lines Per Inch

LIS: Large Scale Integration

LIPS: List Processing

MBR: Master Boot Record

MAC: Media Access Control

MPEG:Moving Picture Experts Group

MMS: Multimedia Messaging Service

MIME: Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions

MSN: Microsoft Network

MDI: Multiple Document Interface

MICR: Magnetic Ink Character Recognition

MIMO: Multiple Out Multiple In

MIPS: Million Instructions Per second

MIDI: Musical Instrument Digital Interface

NAL: National Aerospace Laboratories

NFS: Network File System

NIC: National Interface card

NOS:Network Operating System

ODBC: Open Data Base Connectivity

OCR: Optical Character Reader

OMR: Optical Mark Chapter

OOP: Object oriented Programming

OLE: Object Linking and embedding

OOS: Open Source Software

PAP: Password Authentication Protocol

PC: Personal Computer

PDF: Portable Document Format

PDL: Program Design Language

PGA: Pin Grid Array

PNP: Plug and Plug

POS: Point of Scale

PSU: Power supply unit

PSTN: Public Switched Telephone network

QDR: Quad Data Rate

QOS: Quality of Service

RARP: Reverse Address Resolution Protocol

RAT:Remote Access Trojan

RDBMS: Relational Data Base Management System

RIP: Routing Information Protocol

RPG: Report Program Generator

RTOS: Real Time Operating System

RTF: Rich Text Format

Saas: Software as a Service

SAN: Storage Area Network

SDR: Software Defined Radio

SDL: Simple Direct Media Layer

SMTP: Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

SQL:Structured Query language

SNMP: Simple Network Management Protocol

SIM:Subscriber Identification Module

TCP: Transmission Control protocol

TDMA: Time Division Multiple Access

TTA: True Tap Audio

TTF: True Type Font

TTS: Text to Speech

TTY: Tele Type

UAC: User Account Control

UI: User Interface

Ul: Upload

UPS:Uninterruptible Power supply

URI: Uniform Resource Identifier

URL: Uniform Resource Locator

URN: Uniform Resource Name

ULSI: Ultra Large Scale Integration

UNIVAC: Universal Automatic Computer

UTP: Unshielded Twisted Pair

VDD: Virtual Device Driver

VGA: Video Graphics Array

VLAN: Virtual Local Area Network

VSNL: Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited

VLSI: Very Large Scale Integration

VRAM: Video Random Access Memory

WAP: Wireless Application Protocol

Wi-Fi: Wireless Fidelity

WINS: Windows Internet Naming Service

WLAN: Wireless Local Area Network

WMA: Wireless Media Audio

WMV: Wireless Media Video

WWAN: Wireless Wide Area Network

WWID: Worldwide Identifier

WWW: World Wide Web

WLL: Wireless Local Loop

WORM:Write Once Read Many

XHTML: Extensible Hyper Text Markup Language

XAML: Extensible Application Markup Language

XML: Extensible Markup Language

XNS: Xerox Network Services

XUL: XML User Interface Language

Y2K: Year Two Thousand

ZIFS: Zero Insertion Force Socket

ZIP: Zone Information Protocol

ZISC: Zone Instruction Set Computer

ZMA: Zone Multicast Address

ZNA: Zone Network Administration

ZAW: Zero Administration for Windows

General Keyboard Shortcut keys

CTRL + C: Copy

CTRL + X: Cut

CTRL + V: Paste

CTRL + Z: Undo

CTRL + P: Print

CTRL + B: Bold the selected data

CTRL + I: Changes the selected data into Italic style

DELETE: Delete

SHIFT + DELETE: Delete the selected Item permanently

CTRL + RIGHT ARROW: Move the insertion point to the starting of the next word

CTRL + LEFT ARROW: Move the insertion point to the starting of the previous word

CTRL + DOWN ARROW: Move the insertion point to the starting of the next paragraph

CTRL + UP ARROW: Move the insertion point to the starting of the previous paragraph

CTRL + SHIFT with any arrow key: Highlight a block of text keys

SHIFT with any arrow key: Select more than one item in a window

CTRL + A: Select All

F3 key: Search for a file or a folder

ALT + ENTER: Display the properties of the selected item

CTRL + F4 Close the active document in program

ALT + F4: Close the active item

ALT + SPACEBAR: Open the shortcut menu for the active window

ALT + TAB: Switch between the open items

ALT + ESC: Cycle through the screen elements in a window

CTRL + U: Underlined selected text.

F10 key: Active the menu bar in the active program

RIGHT ARROW: Open the next menu to the right , or open a submenu

LEFT ARROW: Open the next menu to the left , or close a submenu

F5 key: Update the active window of Refresh the active.

BACKSPACE: View the folder one level up in My computer

ESC: Cancel the current task

CTRL+SHIFT+ESC: Open Task manager

CTRL+TAB: Move forward through the tabs

CTRL+SHIFT+TAB: Move backward through the tabs

TAB: Move forward through the options

SHIFT+TAB: Move backward through the options

ALT+Underlined letter: Perform the corresponding command or select the corresponding option

ENTER: Perform the command for the Active option

SPACEBAR: Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box.

F1 key: Display help

F4 key: Display the items in the active list.

shape Questions

1. What happens when we press Ctrl+Shift+F8

  1. It actives extended selection
  2. It activates the rectangular selection
  3. It selects the paragraph on which the insertion line is.
  4. None of the above

Answer: B

2. What is the short cut key when we press to create a copyright symbol?

  1. Ctrl + Shift + C
  2. Ctrl + C
  3. Alt + C
  4. Alt + Ctrl + C

Answer: D

3. When Ctrl+ I short cut is used

  1. Increase size
  2. Insert letters
  3. Applies italic format
  4. Indicate the text in bold

Answer: C

4. Which of the function key activates the speller?

  1. F3
  2. F6
  3. F7
  4. F11

Answer: C

5. Which shortcut key is used to create new document is ______ .

  1. Ctrl + F
  2. Ctrl +N
  3. Ctrl + O
  4. All of the above

Answer: B

6. Shortcut to create new document is ______.

  1. Ctrl + F
  2. Ctrl + N
  3. Ctrl + O
  4. Ctrl + P

Answer: B

7. Which is used to pen a document is ______?

  1. Ctrl + N
  2. Ctrl + S
  3. Ctrl + Q
  4. Ctrl + O

Answer: D

8. Whic Shortcut is used to close a document is ______?

  1. Alt+F4
  2. Ctrl+F1
  3. Alt+F2
  4. All of the above

Answer: A

9. Which are shortcut keys used to save a document?

  1. Ctrl + S
  2. Ctrl + A
  3. Alt + S
  4. ALT + Ctrl + S

Answer: A

10. Which shortcut to quit Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, Access, Excel etc. is ______?

  1. Ctrl + W
  2. Ctrl + Q
  3. Alt + A4
  4. Alt + F1

Answer: B

11. Which keys do you use to copy anything?

  1. Ctrl + X
  2. Ctrl + Z
  3. Ctrl + C
  4. Ctrl + E

Answer:C

12. Which keys do you use to cut text or pictures?

  1. Ctrl + X
  2. Ctrl + C
  3. Ctrl + Z
  4. All of the above

Answer: A

13. What keys do you use to underline the text?

  1. Ctrl = X
  2. Ctrl + U
  3. Ctrl + Z
  4. Ctrl + Q

Answer: B

14. F4 key is used to display ______.

  1. To display the items in the active list
  2. To display help
  3. To display desktop
  4. To display system properties dialog box

Answer: A

15. Which short cut is used to close the active window used______?

  1. CTRL+X
  2. CTRL+W
  3. CTRL+F4
  4. b and c only

Answer: B

16. To Capture and copy a picture of the screen to the Clipboard use______?

  1. PrntScr
  2. CTRL+P
  3. CTRL+F9
  4. PRINT Window

Answer: A

17. Switch to the next tab in a deluge box we need to use which key____.

  1. Alt + Tab
  2. Ctrl + Tab
  3. Ctrl + Shift + Tab
  4. A and B

Answer: B

18. To run / execute the selected command use_____?

  1. CTRL+R
  2. ALT KEY
  3. ENTER KEY
  4. None of the above

Answer: C

19. Which corner of the Word window we find the zoom control?

  1. upper-left
  2. upper-right
  3. Lower-left
  4. lower-right

Answer: D

20. When you point to the _____ corner of a table, the table move handle appears.

  1. upper-right
  2. lower-left
  3. lower-right
  4. upper-left

Answer: D