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Countries and Central Banks

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Countries and Central Banks

Countries and Central Banks

shape Introduction

The article Countries and Central Banks presents the list of central banks of different countries across the globe. This article plays a prominent role in General Awareness/General Kwoledge preparation in many competitive exams.


shape Central Banks

A Central Bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages a state’s currency, money supply, and interest rates. Central banks also usually oversee the commercial banking system of their respective countries. In contrast to a commercial bank, a central bank possesses a monopoly on increasing the monetary base in the state, and usually also prints the national currency, which usually serves as the state’s legal tender. Central banks also act as a “lender of last resort” to the banking sector during times of financial crisis. Most central banks usually also have supervisory and regulatory powers to ensure the solvency of member institutions, prevent bank runs, and prevent reckless or fraudulent behavior by member banks.


Below table contains the list of Countries & Central Banks in alphabetical order.

Country Central Bank
Afghanistan Central Bank of Afghanistan
Albania Bank of Albania
Algeria Bank of Algeria
Angola Central Bank of Angola
Argentina Central Bank of Argentina
Armenia Central Bank of the Republic of Armenia
Aruba Central Bank of Aruba
Australia Reserve Bank of Australia
Azerbaijan Central Bank of Azerbaijan

Country Central Bank
Bahamas Central Bank of The Bahamas
Bahrain Central Bank of Bahrain
Bangladesh Bangladesh Bank
Barbados Central Bank of Barbados
Belarus National Bank of the Republic of Belarus
Belgium National Bank of Belgium
Belize Central Bank of Belize
Benin Central Bank of West Africa States
Bermuda Bermuda Monetary Authority
Bhutan Royal Monetary Authority of Bhutan
Bolivia Central Bank of Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana Bank of Botswana
Brazil Central Bank of Brazil
Brunei Monetary Authority of Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria Bulgarian National Bank
Burkina Faso Central Bank of West African States
Burundi Bank of the Republic of Burundi

Country Central Bank
Cambodia National Bank of Cambodia
Cameroon Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa
Canada Bank of Canada
Cape Verde Bank of Cape Verde
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands Monetary Authority
Central African Republic Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa
Chad Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa
Chile Central Bank of Chile
China People’s Bank of China
Colombia Bank of the Republic
Comoros Central Bank of the Comoros
Congo, Democratic Republic of Central Bank of the Congo
Congo, Republic of Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa
Costa Rica Central Bank of Costa Rica
Cote d’Ivoire West African Economic and Monetary Union
Croatia European Union
Cuba Central Bank of Cuba
Curaçao Central Bank of Curaçao and Sint Maarten
Cyprus European Union
Czech Republic European Union

Country Central Bank
Denmark European Union
Djibouti Central Bank of Djibouti
Dominica Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States
Dominican Republic Central Bank of the Dominican Republic

Country Central Bank
East Timor Central Bank of East Timor
Ecuador Central Bank of Ecuador
Egypt Central Bank of Egypt
El Salvador Central Reserve Bank of El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa
Eritrea Bank of Eritrea
Estonia European Union
Ethiopia National Bank of Ethiopia

Country Central Bank
Fiji Reserve Bank of Fiji
Finland European Union
France European Union
French Polynesia CFP franc

Country Central Bank
Gabon Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa
Gambia Central Bank of The Gambia
Germany European Union
Georgia National Bank of Georgia
Ghana Bank of Ghana
Greece European Union
Grenada Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States
Guatemala Bank of Guatemala
Guinea Central Bank of the Republic of Guinea
Guinea-Bissau West African Economic and Monetary Union
Guyana Bank of Guyana

Country Central Bank
Haiti Bank of the Republic of Haiti
Hong Kong Hong Kong Monetary Authority
Honduras Central Bank of Honduras
Hungary European Union

Country Central Bank
Iceland Central Bank of Iceland
India Reserve Bank of India
Indonesia Bank of Indonesia
Iran Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Iraq Central Bank of Iraq
Ireland European Union
Israel Bank of Israel
Italy European Union

Country Central Bank
Jamaica Bank of Jamaica
Japan Bank of Japan
Jordan Central Bank of Jordan

Country Central Bank
Kazakhstan National Bank of Kazakhstan
Kenya Central Bank of Kenya
Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Central Bank of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
Korea, Republic of Bank of Korea
Kuwait Central Bank of Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan National Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic

Country Central Bank
Laos Bank of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Latvia European Union
Lebanon Banque du Liban
Lesotho Central Bank of Lesotho
Liberia Central Bank of Liberia
Libya Central Bank of Libya
Liechtenstein National bank of Liechtenstein
Lithuania European Union
Luxembourg European Union

Country Central Bank
Macau Monetary Authority of Macao
Macedonia, Republic of National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia
Madagascar Central Bank of Madagascar
Malawi Reserve Bank of Malawi
Malaysia Central Bank of Malaysia
Maldives Maldives Monetary Authority
Mali West African Economic and Monetary Union
Malta European Union
Mauritania Central Bank of Mauritania
Mauritius Bank of Mauritius
Mexico Bank of Mexico
Moldova National Bank of Moldova
Mongolia Bank of Mongolia
Montenegro Central Bank of Montenegro
Montserrat Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States
Morocco Bank Al-Maghrib
Mozambique Bank of Mozambique
Myanmar Central Bank of Myanmar

Country Central Bank
Namibia Bank of Namibia
Nepal Nepal Rastra Bank
Netherlands European Union
Netherlands Antilles Dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles
New Zealand Reserve Bank of New Zealand
Nicaragua Central Bank of Nicaragua
Niger West African Economic and Monetary Union
Nigeria Central Bank of Nigeria
Norway Norges Bank

Country Central Bank
Oman Central Bank of Oman
Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States Eastern Caribbean Central Bank

Country Central Bank
Pakistan State Bank of Pakistan
Palestine Palestine Monetary Authority
Panama National Bank of Panama
Papua New Guinea Bank of Papua New Guinea
Paraguay Central Bank of Paraguay
Peru Central Reserve Bank of Peru
Philippines Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas
Poland European Union
Portugal European Union

Country Central Bank
Qatar Qatar Central Bank

Country Central Bank
Romania European Union
Russia Bank of Russia
Rwanda National Bank of Rwanda

Country Central Bank
Saint Kitts and Nevis Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States
Saint Lucia Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States
Samoa Central Bank of Samoa
San Marino Central Bank of the Republic of San Marino
São Tomé and Príncipe Central Bank of São Tomé and Príncipe
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabian Monetary Authority
Senegal West African Economic and Monetary Union
Serbia National Bank of Serbia
Seychelles Central Bank of Seychelles
Sierra Leone Bank of Sierra Leone
Singapore Monetary Authority of Singapore
Sint Maarten Central Bank of Curaçao and Sint Maarten
Slovakia European Union
Slovenia European Union
Solomon Islands Central Bank of Solomon Islands
Somalia Central Bank of Somalia
South Africa South African Reserve Bank
South Sudan Bank of South Sudan
Spain European Union
Sri Lanka Central Bank of Sri Lanka
Sudan Bank of Sudan
Suriname Central Bank of Suriname
Swaziland Central Bank of Swaziland
Sweden European Union
Switzerland Swiss National Bank
Syria Central Bank of Syria

Country Central Bank
Taiwan Central Bank of the Republic of China (Taiwan)
Tajikistan National Bank of Tajikistan
Tanzania Bank of Tanzania
Thailand Bank of Thailand
Timor-Leste Banco Central de Timor-Leste
Togo West African Economic and Monetary Union
Tonga National Reserve Bank of Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago Central Bank of Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia Central Bank of Tunisia
Turkey Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
Turkmenistan Central Bank of Turkmenistan

Country Central Bank
Uganda Bank of Uganda
Ukraine National Bank of Ukraine
United Arab Emirates Central Bank of the United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom European Union
United States Federal Reserve Bank of Boston
Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta
Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago
Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland
Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City
Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis
Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia
Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco
Federal Reserve Bank of St Louis
Bank of Governors of the Federal Reserve Bank System
Uruguay Central Bank of Uruguay
Uzbekistan Central Bank of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Country Central Bank
Vanuatu Reserve Bank of Vanuatu
Vatican City Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic
Venezuela Central Bank of Venezuela
Vietnam State Bank of Vietnam

Country Central Bank
Wallis and Futuna CFP franc
West African Economic and Monetary Union Central Bank of West African States

Country Central Bank
Yemen Central Bank of Yemen

Country Central Bank
Zambia Bank of Zambia
Zimbabwe Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe