1. The minimum short-term natural hazard is __________.
C. volcanic eruption
D. bolt of lightning
2. Molten rock below the surface of the earth is called __________.
3. Sariska and Ranthambore are the reserves for which of the following
4. The World’s largest island is
C. New Guinea
5. Rio Summit is associated with
A. Convention on Biological Diversity
B. Greenhouse gases
C. Ozone depletion
D. Wet lands
6. The Andaman is separated from Nicobar by which water body?
A. 11° channel
B. 10° Channel
C. Palk Strait
D. Gulf of Mannar
7. Which of these is a dwarf planet?
8. Which one of the following is not a non-conventional source of energy?
A. Solar Energy
B. Natural Gas
C. Wind Energy
D. Tidal Power
9. The layer where the decrease in temperature with increasing altitude is totally absent is
10. At hill stations, the boiling point of water will be
A. same as at sea level
B. less than that at sea level
C. more than that at sea level
D. equal to the melting point of ice
11. Japan is called the ‘Land of the rising sun’ because
A. Sun rises there as soon as it sets
B. Sun always remains in the eastern part of the sky throughout the day in Japan
C. Japan being the Eastern most country in the world, it has the earliest sunrise
D. The rays of the sun get reflected from the waters of the sea and make the sunrise beautiful in Japan
12. The beach sands of Kerala are rich in
13. The Himalayas is the example of ____
A. Fold mountains
B. Block mountains
C. Ancient mountains
D. Residual mountains
14. The largest irrigation canal in India is _____________
A. Yamuna canal
B. Indira Gandhi canal
C. Sirhand canal
D. Upper Bari Doab canal
15. A landscape which is caused due to the fissure in the earth along which one side has moved down with reference to the other is known as
A. Rift Valley
B. U Shaped Valley
C. V Shaped Valley
D. Hanging Valley
16. The disconnected lines drawn on a map for showing slope
A. Bench marks
C. Form lines
17. A group of interconnected islands is known as __________.
18. Which of the following is the most important raw material for generation of power in India?
A. Mineral Oil
B. Natural Gas
19. Harvesting season of Kharif crop in India is _________
20. Which of the following region in India is now regarded as an “Ecological Hot Spot”?
A. Western Himalayas
B. Eastern Himalayas
C. Western Ghats
D. Eastern Ghats
21. The Beaufort scale is used to measure:
A. Atmospheric pressure
B. Altitudes of mountains
C. Wind velocity
D. Intensity of earthquakes
22. The source of energy that causes the least global warming is
B. Geothermal energy
C. Natural Gas
23. The constellation ‘Sapta Rishi’ is known to Westerners as the
A. Seven Monks
B. Alpha Centauri
C. Big Dipper
D. Small Bear
24. The impact of Green Revolution was felt most in the case of
D. Oil seeds
25. A broad, low embankment built up along the banks of a river channel during floods is called
C. Flood Plain
26. The tides in the sea are primarily due to
A. the atmospheric effect of the Earth
B. the gravitational effect of Venus on the Earth
C. the gravitational effect of the Sun on the Earth
D. the gravitational effect of the Moon on the Earth
27. What process takes place during the youthful stage of a river?
A. Valley widening
B. River rejuvenating
C. Valley deepening
28. Which of the following is the world’s top environmental conservation award?
A. Golden Bear Award
B. Golden Panda Award
C. Golden Globe Award
D. Golden Palms Award
29. The outer most layer of Sun is known as ___________
C. Radioactive zone
30. Highest percentage of carbon is found in which form of coal?
31. Ring of Fire is found commonly in_________
A. Pacific Ocean
B. Atlantic Ocean
C. Indian Ocean
D. Arctic Ocean
32. When Granite rocks get metamorphosed, they form
33. Kyoto Protocol is associated with
A. Species conservation
B. Climate change
C. Wetland Conservation
D. Medicinal plants
34. Which of the following areas or regions is most prone to earthquakes?
A. Deccan Plateau
B. GangaBrahmaputra Valley
C. Plains of northern India
D. Western Ghats
35. The northern part of the west coast in India is known as
A. Konkan coast
B. Coromandel coast
C. Malabar coast
D. Godavari Coast
36. Three crops that contribute maximum to global food grain production are ________
A. wheat, rice, barley
B. rice, maize, sorghum
C. wheat, maize, sorghum
D. wheat, rice, maize
37. Which of the following is a tertiary activity?
38. In a rainforest, the vegetation that grows under the shade of a canopy is known as
D. Forest floor
39. Which of the following is the busiest International sea port in India?
40. “Great Barrier Reef”, the world’s largest Coral reef is located in
A. Caribbean Islands
41. Which one of the following cities of Iraq is located on Tigris river?
42. Black soil is also known by which of the following name?
A. Khadar Soil
B. Bangar Soil
C. Alluivial Soil
D. Regur soil
43. The large collection of stars, dust and gas held together by gravitational attraction between components is known as
D. Sun Family
44. The driest location on Earth is in which country?
45. The land forms formed by wave erosion is
D. Barrier island
46. A drainage pattern where a river is joined by its tributaries approximately at right angles is
47. The core of the earth is also known as
48. The polar regions are sparsely populated because of
A. lack of minerals
B. unsuitable climatic conditions
C. infertile land
D. mountainous topography
49. Which of the following was not a purpose for building Farakka Barrage?
A. Checking water flowing into Bangladesh
B. Checking silting of Kolkata Port
C. Preventing erosion of Kolkata Port
D. Facilitating navigation in Ganga river
50. In ___________ forests, trees shed their leaves in a particular season.
51. Where is the headquarters of National Film Archives of India (NFAI) located?
52. Bridgmanite is
A. A bridge on the river Thames
B. Name of a game
C. Earth’s most abundant mineral
D. Name of a music
53. Which river in the Southern Peninsula has the second largest river basin in India?
54. Name the longest lake in India?
A. Pangong lake
B. Pulicat Lake
C. Kolleru Lake
D. Vembanad Lake
55. Suez Canal connects
A. Red Sea and Arabian Sea
B. Red Sea and Mediterranean Sea
C. Arabian Sea and Mediterranean Sea
D. North Sea and Baltic Sea
56. Which of the following is the uppermost layer of the atmosphere?
57. The World Trade Organisation, which replaced GATT, has its Head Quarters in
C. New York
58. The largest producer of Lac in India is
C. West Bengal
59. A tropical deciduous plant special to the Deccan plateau is
60. The most abundant metal in the Earth’s crust is
61. Mount Abu is a hill station located in __________ranges.
62. The only perennial river in Peninsular India is ________.
63. When does solar eclipse take place?
A. When the sun is between the moon and earth
B. When the earth is between the moon and sun
C. When the moon is between the sun and earth
D. When the moon does not lie on the line joining the sun and earth
64. Strait of Gibraltar connects which of the following?
A. Red Sea – Mediterranean Sea
B. Red Sea – Arabian Sea
C. Atlantic Ocean – Mediterranean Sea
D. Mediterranean Sea – Black Sea
65. The largest solar power plant in India is located at
D. Rann of Kutch
66. Isolines joining places of equal rainfall are called __________
67. Which river does not form a delta?
68. Bandhavgarh National Park is located in which State?
B. Madhya Pradesh
69. Which is called the “Lake District of India”?
70. On which river is the Tehri dam built?
71. With which country, India has the longest international boundary?
72. Which State in India has the largest coastline?
A. Tamil Nadu
B. Andhra Pradesh
D. West Bengal
73. Jog falls in Karnataka is located over which river?
74. Which one of the following areas of India is covered by tropical evergreen forest?
A. Semiarid areas of Gujarat
B. Eastern Ghats
C. Western Ghats
D. Madhya Pradesh
75. When does the sun shine vertically on the Equator?
A. Throughout the year
B. For six months
C. Twice a year
D. Once a year
76. “Tsunami” is the name given to which of the following?
C. Tidal Waves
D. Undersea Waves
77. Which of the following is/are ‘rain cloud’?
A. 1 and 2 only
C. 3 and 4 only
B. 2 and 3 onlY
D. 1 and 4 only
78. Arrange the following cities in an order from North to South
79. Which of the following is not an igneous Rock?
80. The outermost layer of sun is called
81. The deepest trench of the Indian Ocean is
A. Java trench
B. Aleutian trench
C. Atacama trench
D. Tizard trench
82. Which of the following is called the ‘Land of the Golden Pagoda’?
D. North Korea
83. Why does the west coast of India receive more rainfall from southwest monsoon than the east coast?
A. Unlike the east coast this coast is straight
B. The Western Ghats obstruct the winds causing rainfall
C. The east coast is broader than the west coast
D. The Eastern Ghats extend parallel to wind direction
84. The plateau that has both West and East flowing drainage system is
B. Chota Nagpur
85. Which is the warmest layer of the atmosphere?
86. The Siachin Glacier’s melting waters are the main source of which of the following rivers:
87. The mountain range which divides the North and the South India is
B. Western ghats
88. In which of the following States is Dampa Tiger Reserve situated?
89. Which one of the following bio reserves of India is not included in the World Network of Biosphere Reserve?
B. Gulf of Mannar
90. The study of mountains is known as
91. Salination of soil is caused by
B. soil erosion
C. Excess irrigation
D. crop rotation
92. Which of the following State is surrounded by Bangladesh from three sides?
C. Arunachal Pradesh
93. Among the following states, the literacy rate is highest in
94. India’s population growth is characterized by
A. An increase in rate of death
B. An increase in the ratio of females
C. An increase in the birth rate and declining death rate
D. Increasing number of old people
95. Which of the following deserts is rich in gold reserves?
96. The dispute over Siachin Glacier is between
A. India and China
B. India and Afghanistan
C. India and Pakistan
D. India and Nepal
97. Which of the following was India’s first interplanetary mission?
A. Chandrayaan Mission
B. Mangalyaan Mission
C. Aryabhatta Mission
D. Philae Mission
98. Why the Earth is having its own atmosphere?
D. Rotation of the Earth
99. The largest island country in the Indian Ocean is
B. Sri Lanka
100. SMOG is a combination of
A. Air and water vapour
B. Water and smoke
C. Fire and water
D. Smoke and fog
101. The warm and cold ocean currents are caused by
A. Prevailing winds
B. Earth’s rotation
C. Variations in density of sea water
D. All of these
102. Why is Rann Of Kutch of India famous for?
A. Tidal and flats
B. Fertile soil
C. Dense Vegetation
D. All are correct
103. What is the position of the Earth when it is at the greatest distance from the sun?
104. Which of the following wind is blowing from the Mediterranean Sea to the North Western parts of India?
A. Western disturbances
D. Mango showers
105. Which layer of the earth’s atmosphere contains the ozone layer?
106. Where is the Great Barrier Reef located?
A. Pacific Ocean
B. Indian Ocean
C. Atlantic Ocean
D. Arctic Ocean
107. A wide inlet of the sea usually concave in shape, is termed as a:
108. Punjab has a large number of inundation canals drawing water from
A. Jhelum river
B. Chenab river
C. Beas river
D. Sutlej river
109. Stars twinkle but planets do not twinkle because___________
A. they emit light of a constant intensity
B. their distance from the earth does not change with time
C. they are very far away from the earth resulting in decrease in intensity of light
D. they are nearer to the earth and hence we receive a greater amount of light and therefore minor variations in intensity are not noticeable
110. Among the following States, ________ has the lowest birth rate in India.
B. Uttar Pradesh
D. West Bengal
111. The Secretariat of SAARC is set up at ________
D. New Delhi
112. The outermost range of Himalayas is called ________
113. The longest river of peninsular India is ________
114. The atomic power station in Rajasthan is situated at:
115. Which of the following causes rainfall during winters in the north-western part of India?
A. Western disturbances
B. Cyclonic depression
C. Southwest monsoon
D. Retreating monsoon
116. Continuous chain of mountains that rise abruptly more or less parallel to the coastline of India is
C. Eastern ghats
D. Western ghats
117. Geothermal energy is maximum utilised in _________
B. New Zealand
118. Which country is separated from India by a narrow channel of sea formed by the Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar?
C. Sri Lanka
119. In the absence of the earth’s atmosphere, sky would appear
B. deep red
120. Where do the Western and Eastern Ghats meet?
A. Nilgiri hills
B. Cardamom hills
C. Palani hills
D. Annamalai hills
121. The natural habitat of Rhinoceros in India is
B. Gir forest
122. The range that acts as watershed between India and Turkistan is
123. Tsangpo is the other name in Tibet for .
124. The largest herbarium of India is located at
125. At Barren Island, the only active volcano in India is situated in
A. Andaman Islands
B. Nicobar Islands
126. The transfer of minerals from top soil to subsoil through soil-water is called?
127. The Kovvada Nuclear Park project is proposed to be setup in which State?
B. Uttar Pradesh
C. Andhra Pradesh
128. The longest sea beach in India is
A. Chapora beach
B. Diu beach
C. Aksa beach
D. Marina beach
129. Which one of the following region is most rich in coal aaposis?
A. Bramhaputra Valley
B. Damodar valley
C. Mahanadi Valley
D. Godavari Valley
130. Rainfall caused by intense evaporation in equatorial areas is called………………
A. Organic rainfall
B. Cyclonic rainfall
C. Frontal rainfall
D. Conventional rainfall
131. Nandadevi peak is located in…………………state
A. Himachal Pradesh
C. Uttar Pradesh
132. Which of the following is called ‘Queen of the Adriatic’?