GK - India - SPLessons

Independence Day – History

SPLessons 5 Steps, 3 Clicks
5 Steps - 3 Clicks

Independence Day – History

shape Induction

Prime Minister Narendra Modi hoist tricolor at the Red Fort and will deliver a speech to the nation. Let us tell you that this will be the first Independence Day speech to be delivered by Modi Ji after the victory of recently held elections. Several preparations, dress rehearsal is going on at Red Fort to make the event joyful and extraordinary.

shape History

Independence Day History:

  • In 1757, British rule began in India which was followed by the victory of English East India Company at the Battle of Plassey and gained control over the country.

  • East India Company took control in India for almost 100 years and then British crown replaced it via Indian Mutiny in 1857-58.

  • At the 1929 Lahore session of the Indian National Congress, the Purna Swaraj declaration, or “Declaration of the Independence of India” was promulgated and 15 August was declared as Independence Day.

  • India was declared an independent nation on 15th August 1947. As of 15th August 2019, there are now 73 years of Independence India completed.

  • On the eve of 15th August 1947, India tricolor (saffron, green and white) flag was first hoisted by Jawahar Lal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, at the Red Fort of Delhi.

  • The President of India delivers the “Address to the Nation”. On 15 August, the Prime Minister hoists the Indian flag on the ramparts of the historical site of Red Fort in Delhi.

  • Twenty-one gunshots are fired in honor of the solemn occasion. In his speech, the Prime Minister highlights the past year’s achievements, raises important issues and calls for further development.

  • During World War I, the India Independence movement was started and it was led by Mahatma Gandhi who advocated the method of nonviolent, non-cooperation movement which was followed by the Civil Disobedience movement.

What is the Indian Independence Act 1947?:

  • The British Prime Minister Clement Atlee on 20 February, 1947 declared that the British rule in India would end by 30 June, 1948.

  • Then, on 3 June, 1947, British Government declared that any Constitution framed by the Indian Constituent Assembly which was formed in 1946 cannot apply to those parts of the country which were unwilling to accept it.

  • The Congress and the Muslim league accepted the plan. Immediate effect was given to the plan enacting the Indian Independence Act 1947.

  • On 14-15 August, 1947, midnight, the British rule came to an end and power was transferred to the two new independent Dominions of India and the Pakistan.

  • The Constituent Assembly that was set up in 1946 became the Parliament of Indian Dominion.

shape Celebrations

Independence Day in India: Celebrations:

  • 73rd Independence Day and full dress rehearsal will be held at Red Fort on 13 August 2019. The Army, Navy and Air Force marched across the red Fort and the school children in colorful dresses do a rehearsal in front of the dignitaries and audience present in the rehearsal.

  • The President delivers the “Address to the Nation” on the Independence Day event. Prime Minister of India unfurls the flag and holds a speech at the Red Fort. Several cultural programs are held in the state capital Delhi by various schools and organizations.

  • The first Prime Minister of Independent India Jawahar Lal Nehru unveiled India’s flag. Several people attend the flag hoisting ceremony in the city of Delhi which is a beautiful experience to watch. And some people watch patriotic cinemas; watch Red Fort ceremony in their houses on the TV.

  • Whole nation celebrates this day with full enthusiasm and with the spirit of patriotism.