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Indian Polity | Sources Of Indian Constitution

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Indian Polity | Sources Of Indian Constitution

shape Introduction

The Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution on November 26, 1949, and it came into effect on January 26, 1950

Important Sources of Indian Constitution

shape Sources

Major Sources of Indian Constitution
Provisions Source/country

Constitution of the United States
  • Preamble
  • Fundamental Rights
  • The federal structure of government
  • Electoral College
  • Independence of the judiciary and separation of powers among the three branches of the government
  • Judicial review
  • President as Supreme Commander of Armed Forces
  • Equal protection under law

British constitution
  • Parliamentary form of government
  • The idea of single citizenship
  • The idea of the Rule of law
  • Writs
  • Institution of Speaker and his role
  • Lawmaking procedure
  • Procedure established by Law

Canadian constitution
  • A quasi-federal form of government —
  • a federal system with a strong central government
  • Distribution of powers between the central government and state governments
  • Residual powers retained by the central government

Irish constitution (Ireland)
  • Directive Principles of State Policy
  • The nomination of members to Rajya Sabha
  • Method of Election of President

French constitution
  • Republic and the ideals of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity in the Preamble

Australian constitution
  • Freedom of trade and commerce within the country and between the states
  • Power of the national legislature to make laws for implementing treaties, even on matters outside normal Federal jurisdiction
  • Concurrent List
Constitution of Soviet Union (USSR)
  • Fundamental Duties under Article 51-A
  • A Constitutionally mandated Planning Commission to oversee the development of the economy

Constitution of South Africa
  • Procedure for amendment
  • Election of Rajya Sabha members
Constitution of Germany
  • Emergency powers to be enjoyed by the Union
  • Suspension of Fundamental Rights during emergency

Constitution of Russia
  • Fundamental Duties
  • Idea of Social, Economic, and Political Justice in Preamble
Constitution of Japan
  • Procedure Established by Law
Government of India Act 1935
  • Federal Scheme
  • Emergency Provisions
  • Public Service Commissions
  • Office of Governor
  • Judiciary
  • Administrative Details

shape Highlights


  • Adopted ON: 26 Nov, 1949
  • Enacted On: 26 Jan, 1950
  • Enacted On: 26 Jan, 1950
  • Chairman of the Drafting Committee: Dr.B.R.Ambedkar
  • It took nearly 3 years for compilation of the Constitution.
  • The Constituent Assembly had 15 women out of a total of 284 members.
  • Indian Constitution is the longest written of any independent country in the world.
  • At the time of its commencement, Indian Constitution had 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules.
  • The Directive Principles were taken from Ireland.
  • The concept of five year plans was taken from the USSR.
  • The concepts of Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity were taken from the French Constitution.
  • The law on which the Supreme Court functions was taken from Japan.

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