** Persons with Benchmark Disabilities (PwBD):
a. The specified disabilities are:
i. Blindness and Low Vision,
ii. Deaf and Hard of Hearing,
iii. Locomotor Disability including cerebral palsy, leprosy cured, dwarfism, acid attach victims and muscular dystrophy,
iv. Autism, intellectual disability, specific learning disability and mental illness,
v. Multiple disabilities and
vi. Other disabilities (as per Rights of Persons With Disabilities Act, 2016)
b. The PwBD candidates may belong to any category (i.e., GEN/ SC/ ST/ OBC) and they will be eligible for age relaxations. Reservation for PwBD is horizontal and within the overall vacancies for the posts.
c. PwBD means a person with not less than forty per cent of a specified benchmark disability where specified disability has not been defined in measurable terms and are eligible to apply in the GEN/ SC/ ST/ OBC category. They will be eligible for concession in application fee.
Definition of Person with Benchmark Disabilities
Reservation has been provided to Persons with Benchmark Disabilities as per sSection 34 of “Rights of Persons With Disabilities Act, 2016”. The disabilities specified in the Schedule of Rights of Persons With Disabilities Act, 2016 are as below:
1. Physical Disability:
A. Locomotor disability (a person’s inability to execute distinctive activities associated with movement of self and objects resulting from affliction of musculoskeletal or nervous system or both), including:
(a) “leprosy cured person” means a person who has been cured of leprosy but is suffering from:
(i) loss of sensation in hands or feet as well as loss of sensation and paresis in the eye and eye-lid but with no manifest deformity;
(ii) manifest deformity and paresis but having sufficient mobility in their hands and feet to enable them to engage in normal economic activity;
(iii) extreme physical deformity as well as advanced age which prevents him/her from undertaking any gainful occupation, and the expression “leprosy cured” shall construed accordingly;
(b) “cerebral palsy” means a Group of non-progressive neurological condition affecting body movements and muscle coordination, caused by damage to one or more specific areas of the brain, usually occurring before, during or shortly after birth;
(c) “dwarfism” means a medical or genetic condition resulting in an adult height of 4 feet 10 inches (147 centimeters) or less;
(d) “muscular dystrophy” means a group of hereditary genetic muscle disease that weakens the muscles that move the human body and persons with multiple dystrophy have incorrect and missing information in their genes, which prevents them from making the proteins they need for healthy muscles. It is characterised by progressive skeletal muscle weakness, defects in muscle proteins, and the death of muscle cells and tissue;
(e) “acid attack victims” means a person disfigured due to violent assaults by throwing of acid or similar corrosive substance.
B. Visual impairment:
(a) “blindness” means a condition where a person has any of the following conditions, after best correction:
(i) total absence of sight; or
(ii) visual acuity less than 3/60 or less than 10/200 (Snellen) in the better eye with best possible correction; or
(iii) limitation of the field of vision subtending an angle of less than 10 degree.
(b) “low-vision” means a condition where a person has any of the following conditons, namely:
(i) visual acuity not exceeding 6/18 or less than 20/60 upto 3/60 or upto 10/200 (Snellen) in the better eye with best possible corrections; or
(ii) limitation of the field of vision subtending an angle of less than 40 degree up to 10 degree.
C. Hearing impairment:
(a) “deaf” means persons having 70 DB hearing loss in speech frequencies in both ears;
(b) “hard of hearing” means person having 60 DB to 70 DB hearing loss in speech frequencies in both ears;
D. “speech and language disability” means a permanent disability arising out of conditions such as laryngectomy or aphasia affecting one or more components of speech and language due to organic or neurological causes.
2. Intellectual disability, a condition characterised by significant limitation both in intellectual functioning (rasoning, learning, problem solving) and in adaptive behavior which covers a range of every day, social and practical skills, including:
(a) “specific learning disabilities” means a heterogeneous group of conditions wherein there is a deficit in processing language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself as a difficulty to comprehend, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations and includes such conditions as perceptual disabilities, dyslexia, dysgraphia, dyscalculia, dyspraxia and developmental aphasia;
(b) “autism spectrum disorder” means a neuro-developmental condition typically appearing in the first three years of life that significantly affects a person’s ability to communicate, understand relationships and relate to others, and is frequently associated with unusal or stereotypical rituals or behaviours.
3. Mental Behavior:
“mental illness” means a substantial disorder of thinking, mood, perception, orientation or memory that grossly impairs judgment, behaviour, capacity to recognize reality or ability to meet the ordinary demands of life, but does not include retardation which is a conditon of arrested or incomplete development of mind of a person, specially characterised by subnormality of intelligence.
4. Disability caused due to:
(a) chronic neurological conditions, such as:
(i) “multiple sclerosis” means an inflammatory, nervous system disease in which the myelin sheaths around the axons of nerve cells of the brain and spinal cord are damaged, leading to demyelination and affecting the ability of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord to communicate with each other;
(ii) “parkinson’s disease” means a progressive disease of the nervous system marked by tremor, muscular rigidity, and slow, imprecise movement, chiefly affecting middle-aged and elderly people associated with degeneration of the basal ganglia of the brain and a deficiency of the neurotransmitter dopamine.
(b) Blood disorder:
(i) “haemophilia” means an inheritable disease, usually affecting only male but transmitted by women to their male children, characterised by loss or impairment of the normal clotting ability of blood so that a minor would may result in fatal bleeding;
(ii) “thalassemia” means a group of inherited disorders characterised by reduced or absent amounts of haemoglobin.
(iii) “sickle cell disease” means a hemolytic disorder characterised by chronic anemia, painful events, and various complications due to associated tissue and organ damage; “hemolytic” refers to the destruction of the cell membrane of red blood cells resulting in the release of hemoglobin.
5. Multiple Disabilities (more than one of the above specified disabilities) including deaf blindness which means a condition in which a person may have combination of hearing and visual impairments causing severe communication, developmental, and educational problems.
Guidelines for Persons with Disabilities Using a Scribe
The visually impaired candidates and candidates whose writing speed is adversely affected permanently for any reason can use their own scribe at their cost during the online examination. In all such cases where a scribe is used, the following rules will apply:
- Candidate should ensure that he/ she is eligible to use a scribe as per the Government of India rules governing the recruitment of Persons with Benchmark Disabilities.
- The candidate will have to arrange his/ her own scribe at his/ her own cost.
- The scribe should be from an academic stream different from that stipulated for the post.
- Both the candidate as well as scribe will have to give a suitable undertaking in the prescribed format with passport size photograph of the scribe along with call letter at the time of examination confirming that the scribe fulfils all the stipulated eligibility criteria for a scribe mentioned above. Further in case it later transpires that he/ she did not fulfill any laid down eligibility criteria or suppressed material facts the candidature of the applicant will stand cancelled, irrespective of the result of the online examination. Proforma of undertaking will be made available on SEBI website on or before the Call Letters for the online examination are made available on the SEBI website.
- Those candidates who use a scribe shall be eligible for compensatory time of 20 minutes for every hour of the examination or as otherwise advised.
- A person acting as scribe for one candidate cannot be a scribe for another candidate. In addition the scribe arranged by the candidate should not be a candidate for the same examination. If violation of the above is detected at any stage of the process, candidature of both the candidate and the scribe will be cancelled. Candidates eligible for and who wish to use the services of a scribe in the examination should invariably carefully indicate the same in the online application form. Any subsequent request may not be favorably entertained.
- Only candidates registered for compensatory time will be allowed such concessions since compensatory time given to candidates shall be system based, it shall not be possible for the test conducting agency to allow such time if he/ she is not registered for the same. Candidates not registered for compensatory time shall not be allowed such concessions.
(i) Guidelines for Candidates with locomotor disability and cerebral palsy A compensatory time of twenty minutes per hour or otherwise advised shall be permitted for the candidates with locomotor disability and cerebral palsy where dominant (writing) extremity is affected to the extent of slowing the performance of function (minimum of 40%impairment).
(ii) Guidelines for Visually Impaired candidates
Visually Impaired candidates (who suffer from not less than 40% of disability) may opt to view the contents of the test in magnified font and all such candidates will be eligible for compensatory time of 20 minutes for every hour or otherwise advised of examination.
Visually Impaired candidates under Low Vision, who use scribe, may skip the non-verbal questions, if any, in Test of Reasoning and questions on Table/Graph, if any, in Test of Quantitative Aptitude. The candidates will be awarded marks for such Section based on the overall average obtained in other Sections of the respective test.
These guidelines are subject to change in terms of Government of India guidelines/ clarifications, if any, from time to time.
Guidelines for Persons with Disabilities
i. A compensatory time of twenty minutes per hour shall be permitted for the candidates with locomotor disability and cerebral palsy where dominant (writing) extremity is affected to the extent of slowing the performance of function (minimum of 40% impairment) and for Visually Impaired candidates under Low Vision (who suffer from not less than 40% of disability).
ii. Visually Impaired candidates (who suffer from not less than 40% of disability) may opt to view the contents of the test in magnified font and all such candidates will be eligible for compensatory time of 20 minutes for every hour of examination. The facility of viewing the contents of the test in magnifying font will not be available to Visually Impaired candidates who use the services of a Scribe for the examination.
The scribe will be allowed to be used as per the guidelines issued vide Office Memorandum F.No.16-110/2003-DDIII dated February 26, 2013 of Government of India, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Department of Disability Affairs, New Delhi.
The above guidelines are subject to change in terms of GOI guidelines/ clarifications, if any, from time to time.