CLOZE TEST – 2
Our body is a wondrous mechanism and when …(76)… to unusual stress over a …(77)… of time, it adapts itself to deal more effectively with that stress. So, …(78)… you exert your muscles …(79)… resistance, they are forced to adapt and deal with this extraordinary workload. Strands of muscle fibres become thicker and stronger in response to the demands placed …(80)… them.
76. (A) exposed
77. (A) duration
78. (A) while
79. (A) against
80. (A) on
CLOZE TEST – 3
What looks very much like genocide … (81) … taking place in Rwanda. People are pulled …(82)… of cars and buses, ordered to …(83)… their identity papers and then killed on the spot …(84)… they belong to the wrong ethnic group. Thousands of bodies have already …(85)… up, and the …(86)… continues despite the …(87)… of 1700 United Nations peace keepers.
81. (A) would be
(B) were not
(C) has been
(D) will be
82. (A) within
83. (A) forget
84. (A) why
85. (A) piled
86. (A) future
87. (A) presence
CLOZE TEST – 4
John had never thought much about the origin of wealth or inequalities in life. It was his … (88) … belief that if this world was not good, the next would be good and this faith sustained him. He was not like some others … (89) … he knew, who would sell … (90) … souls to the devil. He always thought of God before doing anything. He lived the life of an honest man. He had not married, but did not … (91) … another man’s wife. he believed that women weakened men as … (92) … described in the story of Samson and Delilah. John thought that women weakened … (93) … because he…. (94) … convinced that … (95) … the story of samson and Delilah illustrates is correct.
88. (A) false
89. (A) which
90. (A) his
91. (A) desired
92. (A) is
93. (A) man
(B) all men
(D) a man
94. (A) is
(D) has been
95. (A) which
Directions (100-102): Pick out the nearest correct meaning or synonym of the words given below:
(A) list of employees
(B) brief explanation
(C) right of government
(D) catalogues of books
(C) going backward
(D) assign work
Directions (103-105): Choose the most suitable antonym of the given word.
PASSAGE – 2
The villager has customarily been very conservative in his attitude and approach. He is reluctant to change his traditional way of thinking and doing things. His attitude, in many aspects, is: ‘homemade is best’. For instance, most cattle-farmers in the villages, prefer to feed their cows and buffaloes with a home-mix comprising local oilseeds like mustard or cottonseed, pulses, jiggery, salt etc. It takes numerous visits, hard-convincing, dally trials and experience to convince the rural cattle farmer that compound feeds, scientifically formulated, improve the yields of milk, without any incremental costs.
The age-old values and attitude towards caste, creed, woman, time and money take time to change. The villager has traditionally been a believer in the philosophy of ‘karma’ or ‘fate’. He has found it more convenient to blame his economic destitution, poor living conditions and straitened social status on ‘bhagya’, ‘karma’ or ‘fate’. The security that the villagers find in the ‘status quo’, acts as a discentive to change and experiment, In the short run, many of these antiquated attitudes, value-system and outlooks are changing, due to improved levels of awareness and education. However, the rate of change is sluggish. Attitudes have fossilised over the centuries, do take time to change.
124. When will you call a person conservative in his attitude and approach?
(A) When he likes to try out every new idea before accepting it.
(B) When he sticks to old ways of thinking and doing.
(C) When he solves his problems through tried out methods.
(D) When he imputes motives to change-agents.
125. What does the phrase ‘homemade is best’ imply?
(A) The best should not be discarded.
(B) Change for the sake of change is not good.
(C) People should go in for swadeshi because it is home-made.
(D) Whatever is being practiced is better than what is new.
126. What is the best method to convince the average villager about the superiority of a new cattle-feed ?
(A) Home visits
(B) Field demonstration
(D) Distribution of related literature
127. In the following question, four words are given out of which one is correctly spelt. Find the correctly spelt word.
128. According to the passage. What does imply change their conservative attitudes ?
(A) Numerous visits
(B) scientifically formulated compound seeds
(C) status quo
(D) education and awareness.
PASSAGE – 3
Ultimately, we all have to decide for ourselves what constitutes failure, but the world is quite eager to give you a set of criteria if you let it. So I think it fair to say that by any conventional measure, a mere seven years after my graduation day, I had failed on an epic scale. An exceptionally short-lived marriage had imploded, and I was jobless, a lone parent, and as poor as it is possible to be in modern Britain, without being homeless. The fears that my parents had had for me, and that I had had for myself, had both, come to pass, and by every usual standard, I was the biggest failure I knew.
Now, I am not going to stand here and tell you that failure is fun. That period of my life was a dark one, and I had no idea that there was going to be what the press has since represented as a kind of fairy tale resolution. I had no idea then how far the tunnel extended, and for a long time, any light at the end of it was a hope rather than a reality.
So why do I talk about the benefits of failure? Simply because failure meant a stripping away of the inessential. I stopped pretending to myself that I was anything other than what I was, and began to direct all my energy into finishing the only work that mattered to me. Had I really succeeded at anything else, I might never have found the determination to succeed in the one arena I believed I truly belonged. I was set free, because my greatest fear had been realized, and I was still alive, and I still had a daughter whom I adored, and I had an old typewriter and a big idea. And so rock bottom became the solid foundation on which I rebuilt my life.
You might never fail on the scale I did, but some failure in life is inevitable. It is impossible to live without failing at something, unless you live so cautiously that you might as well not have lived at all in which case, you fail by default.
Failure gave me an inner security that I had never attained by passing examinations. Failure taught me things about myself that I could have learned no other way. I discovered that I had a strong will, and was more discipline than I had suspected; I also found out that I had friends whose value was truly above the price of rubies.
The knowledge that you have emerged wiser and stronger from setbacks means that you are, ever after, secure in your ability to survive. You will never truly know yourself, or the strength of your relationships, until both have been tested by adversity. Such knowledge is a true gift, for all that it is painfully won, and it has been worth more than any qualification I ever earned.
129. According to the author, what can be defined as ‘failure?
(A) Failing on an epic scale
(B) Not truly knowing yourself
(C) Living your life so cautiously that you do not fail
(D) A situation where all your fears come to pass
130. Which of the following is a major benefit of failure according to the passage?
(A) Failure helps in stripping away the inessential.
(B) Failure teaches you things which you could not have learnt in any other way.
(C) Failure gives you an inner security which cannot be otherwise attained.
(D) Failure helps you in finding the determination to succeed.
131. Why does the author say that failure is ‘inevitable’ in life?
(A) Because nothing can prevent the caprice of fate.
(B) Because not all of us are well- acquainted with failure.
(C) Because life is difficult and too complicated.
(D) Because the fear of failure takes precedence over the desire for success.
132. Which of the following is a suitable title for this passage?
(A) What constitutes failure?
(B) Failure is inevitable in life
(C) Failure has its benefits
(D) A hope rather than a reality
133. According to the author, what is the impact of failure on a person?
(A) A person emerges wiser and stronger implying that he is secure in his ability to survive.
(B) A person realizes that happiness In life does not depend on the achievements or acquisitions.
(C) A person realizes that his qualifications and CV are not his life.
(D) A person realizes the strength of his relationships by identifying his true friends.
134. When people discover a strong will and more disciplined?
(A) when they get an inner security
(B) when the get the knowledge and become wiser
(C) after becoming a failure
(D) after realizing that they have true friends
PASSAGE – 4
Speech is a great blessing but it can also be a great curse, for while it helps us to make our intentions and desires known to our fellows, it can also, if we use it carelessly, make our attitude completely, misunderstood. A slip of the tongue, the use of an unusual word, or of an ambiguous word, and so on, may create an enemy where we had hoped to win a friend. Again, different classes of people use different vocabularies, and the ordinary speech of an educated man may strike an uneducated listener as pompous. Unwittingly, we may use a word which objective general English bears a different meaning to our listener from what it does to men of our own class. Thus speech is not a gift to use lightly without thought, but one which demands careful handling. Only a fool will express himself alike to all kinds and conditions of men.
135. Speech can be a curse, because it can
(A) reveal our intentions
(B) lead to carelessness
(C) hurt others
(D) create misunderstanding
136. A ‘slip of the tongue’ means something said
(B) wrongly by chance
(C) without giving proper-thought
(D) to hurt another person
137. The best way to win a friend is to avoid ……..in speech.
138. While talking to an uneducated person, we should use
(A) polite language
(B) ordinary speech
(C) his vocabulary
(D) simple words
139. If one used the same style of language with everyone, one would sound
PASSAGE – 5
One day all the employees reached the office and they saw a big advice on the door on which it was written:
“Yesterday the person who has been hindering your growth in this company passed away. We Invite you to join the funeral in the room that has been prepared in the gym”. In the beginning, they all got sad for the death of one of their colleagues, but after a while they started getting curious to know who was that man who hindered the growth of his colleagues and the company itself.
The excitement in the gym was such that security agents were ordered to control the crowd within the room. The more people reached the coffin, the more excitement heated up. Everyone thought: “Who is this guy who was hindering my progress? Well, at least he died!” One by one the thrilled employees got closer to the coffin and when they looked inside it they suddenly became speechless. They stood nearby the coffin, shocked and in silence, as if someone had touched the deepest part of their soul. There was a mirror inside the coffin: everyone who looked inside it could see himself.
There was also a sign next to the mirror that said: “There is only one person who is capable to set limits to your growth: it is YOU.” You are the only person who can revolutionize your life. You are the only person who can influence your happiness, your realization and your success. You are the only person who can help yourself. Your life does not change when your boss changes, when your friends change, when your partner changes, when your company changes. Your life changes when YOU change, when you go beyond your limiting beliefs, when you realize that you are the only one responsible for your life. “The most important relationship you can have is the one you have with yourself.”
140. Which of the following is true In the context of the passage?
(A) The crowd gathered In the office for the funeral.
(B) The coffin was empty.
(C) The employee who died was hindering everybody’s growth.
(D) Only a person is responsible for his own success.
141. What can we learn from this
(A) Never trust anyone without confirming it yourself.
(B) One who is not hard working is not loved by the employees.
(C) Good relation with your employees is most important in your life.
(D) The most important relationship you can have is the one you have with yourself.
142. What was inside the coffin?
(A) The corpse of the employee who died.
(B) The coffin was empty.
(C) A note on which there were instructions.
(D) There was a mirror inside the coffin.
143. What was the reason of employee’s excitement?
(A) As they were expecting a bonus or promotion.
(B) Because the employee who hindered their growth died.
(C) As they were happy they will succeed now since no one will hinder their growth now.
(D) They were curious to know the identity of the man who hindered the growth of his colleagues.
144. Why everyone was speechless and shocked?
(A) They were shocked as the employee who died was the most hardworking one.
(B) As they never expected that their growth was actually hindered by one of their own.
(C) As they found a mirror inside the coffin.
(D) As one of the employees died.
145. According to the passage, the writer was
(A) a failure after not passing the graduation.
(B) an insecure person.
(D) a married lone parent.