Reasoning Ability - SPLessons

Statements and Assumptions

Chapter 20

SPLessons 5 Steps, 3 Clicks
5 Steps - 3 Clicks

Statements and Assumptions

Statements and Assumptions

shape Description

In Statements and Assumptions questions, given a statement took after by two/three assumptions numbered I, II and III. An assumption is something gathered or underestimated. Need to consider the statement and the accompanying presumptions and choose which of the assumptions is understood in the statement.

While doing problems on statement-assumptions one should peruse every statement deliberately and at whatever point find anything presupposed or underestimated, promptly see it. Misreading of a few certainties prompts mistaken answer. So while understanding one ought to be conscious about words in light of the fact that occasionally a single word’s nearness or absence changes the whole importance of a sentence.


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shape Concept

Assumption: A assumption is something which is expected, assumed and underestimated. When somebody says something he may not put each part of his thought. That which is left inferred or underestimated is called an assumption.

Format of the problem:
Directions: In every question underneath a statement(or a section) is followed by two/three assumptions numbered I and II/III. Need to consider the announcement and the accompanying assumptions and afterwards choose which of the assumptions is certain in the announcement.
Given answers:
(a) if only assumption I is implicit.
(b) if only assumption II is implicit.
(c) if either assumption I or assumption II is implicit.
(d) if neither of the assumptions is implicit.
(e) if both the assumptions are implicit.

Difference between assumption and implication:
A assumption is something on which the statement is based, while implication is something which is gotten from and in this way based upon the statement.

Tips for easy answering:
1. There might be more than one valid assumption for a statement. In all cases they are not fundamentally unrelated.
So in the event that you find that both the assumptions are valid mark the answer ‘both are understood’.
The answer choice “Possibly I or II is understood” is to be checked just when one assumption rejects the other.
This case happens just once in a while. So be cautious before denoting this choice.

2. In questions with more than two assumptions its combinations like I and II are implicit, II and III are certain, I and III are understood and so on are given as answer options.
If sure that presumption III is not understood, can eliminate with answer decisions which contains III in this manner reducing the quantity of answer decisions.
At that point choose answer from the remaining options.

3. If the given assumption is only in opposition to the given statement or if it is not associated with the given statement then the assumption can be promptly dismisses.
At times the presumption is a restatement of the given statement.
The candidate should be cautious in assessing this sort of assumptions.

shape Model
Problems

Model 1: Statement: Purchase pure and natural pearls of organization `X’ – an advertisement.
Assumptions:
I: Artificial pearls can be prepared.
II: People wouldn’t mind paying more for pure and natural pearls.
Directions: The question given above consists a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. Consider the statement and decide which of the given assumptions is implicit.
Given options:
a) if only assumption I is connected.
b) if only assumption II is connected.
c) if either assumption I or assumption II is connected.
d) if neither of the assumptions is connected.
e) if both the assumptions are connected.
Solution:
Given that:
Purchase pure and natural pearls of organization `X’ – an advertisement.
From the given statement, the commercial tells that the pearls of organization X is common, this implies artificial pearls might be accessible in the business sector.
So assumption I is connected.
However, the notice informs nothing concerning the cost of the pearls.
So II can’t be certain.
Therefore, correct answer is (a).

Model 2: Statement: “Put a notification on the board that every one of the workers should go ahead time to office”- An officer tells his assistant.
Assumptions:
I: All employees come late.
II: Employees read such notice on the Board.
III. Employees will follow the instructions
Directions: The question given above consists a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I , II and III. Consider the statement and decide which of the given assumptions is implicit.
Given options:
(a) Only I and II are implicit.
(b) Only III is implicit
(c) Only I and III are implicit
(d) Only II and III are implicit
(e) All are implicit.
Solution:

Given that:
“Put a notification on the board that every one of the workers should go ahead time to office”- An officer tells his assistant.
It is clear that, the statement does not imply that every one of the workers come late.
Some of them might be coming late.
Therefore assumption I is not verifiable.
The officer arranges his assistant to put a notification on the notification board in light of the fact that the representatives read the notification generally putting a notification has no relevance.
Likewise he expect that the workers will take after the instructions.
Therefore, the assumptions II and III are verifiable in the announcement.
Hence, option (d) is correct choice.

Model 3: Statement: Pollution is a moderate toxin, and in this manner social researchers and the media must cooperate to make sensitivity among individuals.
Assumptions:
I: Media is very much educated and mindful about the impacts of contamination.
II: Media is liable to impact individuals to raise their sensitivity towards different issues.
Directions: The question given above consists a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. Consider the statement and decide which of the given assumptions is implicit.
Given options:
a) if only assumption I is implicit.
b) if only assumption II is implicit.
c) if either assumption I or assumption II is implicit.
d) if neither of the assumptions is implicit.
e) if both the assumptions are implicit.
Solution:

Given statement:
Pollution is a moderate toxin, and in this manner social researchers and the media must cooperate to make sensitivity among individuals.
In the event that media is not ready to impact individuals to raise their sensitivity towards different issues, including contamination issue, the media would not have been encouraged to do as such.
Therefore, assumption II is implicit.
The reality of the matter is that media is very much impacted about the impacts of pollution .
In any case, it is not clear whether it knows about the impacts of contamination or not.
Therefore, correct answer is option(b).

Model 4: Statement: ‘Z – TV, the main TV which gives the viewers opportunity to watch two programmes at the same time’ – an advertisement.
Assumptions:
I. Sale of Z-TV may increase because of the advertisement .
II. Some people may be influenced by the advertisement and buy Z-TV.
III. The sale of Z.TV may be on the downward trend.
Directions: The question given above consists a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I , II and III. Consider the statement and decide which of the given assumptions is implicit.
Given options:
(a) Only I and II are implicit.
(b) Only III is implicit
(c) Only I and III are implicit
(d) Only II and III are implicit
(e) All are implicit.
Solution:

Given statement:
‘Z – TV, the main TV which gives the viewers opportunity to watch two programmes at the same time’ – an advertisement.
It is highlighted in the advertisement that the facility of watching two programmes all the while is given by the Z-T.V just a few persons might be affected by this unique facility and therefore the sale may increment.
The advertisement highlighting one of a kind facility does not imply that there is a descending trend in the sale of Z-TV.
Therefore, just assumptions I and II are verifiable.
Hence, option(c) is the right choice.

Model 5: Statement: “Try not to duplicate our software without our consent” – A notification
Assumptions:
I: It is possible to copy the software.
II: Such warning will have some effect.
Directions: The question below given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. Consider the statement and decide which of the given assumptions is implicit.
Given options:
a) if only assumption I is implicit.
b) if only assumption II is implicit.
c) if either assumption I or assumption II is implicit.
d) if neither of the assumptions is implicit.
e) if both the assumptions are implicit.
Solution:

Given statement is:
“Try not to duplicate our software without our consent” – A notification
From the statement, it is clear that, both the assumptions are certain.
In the event that it was impractical to duplicate the product, such explanation would not have made.
The notice is given since it might have some impact.
In this manner assumptions I and II are implicit.
Therefore, option(e) is the right choice.
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