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Stephen Hawking Star of Cosmology

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Stephen Hawking Star of Cosmology

Stephen Hawking Modern Cosmology’s Brightest Star


shape Introduction

Dr. Stephen Hawking (8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018) was an English Theoretical Physicist, Cosmologist, Author and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology within the University of Cambridge. His scientific works include a collaboration with Roger Penrose on gravitational singularity theorems in the framework of general relativity and the theoretical prediction that black holes emit radiation, often called Hawking radiation. Professor Hawking was the first to set out a theory of cosmology explained by a union of the general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. He was a vigorous supporter of the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics.


shape Career


1. Professor Hawking was born on 8 January 1942 in Oxford, Oxfordshire to Frank (1905–1986) and Isobel Hawking (nee Walker; 1915–2013).

2. Professor Hawking became a member of the Institute of Astronomy in Cambridge in 1968 and the discoveries of the cosmologist, Roger Penrose, on black hole really fascinated him as he himself was working on the phenomena that began the Universe.

3. In 1970, Professor Hawking discovered the second law of black hole dynamics, that the event horizon of a black hole can never get smaller.

4. Professor Hawking proposed the Four laws of Black Hole Mechanics, along with, James M. Bardeen and Brandon Carter.


5. In 1975 Professor Hawking was awarded the Eddington Medal and the Pius XI Gold Medal, followed by the Dannie Heineman Prize, the Maxwell Prize, etc.

6. In 1977 Professor Hawking was appointed as a professor with a chair in gravitational physics and received the Albert Einstein Medal and an honorary doctorate from the University of Oxford .



shape Achievements


1. Professor Hawking became a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1982 and since then, he has been honored with the highest degree awards like – the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, the Paul Dirac Medal, etc.

2. Professor Hawking was named a Companion of Honor by Her Highness, Julius Edgar Lilienfeld Prize, the Copley Medal, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Russian Fundamental Physics Prize, etc.

3. Other honors include – The Wolf Prize.


shape Awards


1966 Adams Prize
1975 Eddington Medal
1976 Hughes Medal
1976 Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics
1978 Albert Einstein Medal
1979 Albert Einstein Medal
1985 Gold Medal of the Astronomical Society
1987 Dirac Medal of the Institute of Physics
1988 Wolf Prize in Physics
1989 Priness of Asturias Award for Concord
2006 Copley Medal
2008 Fonseca Prize
2009 Presidental Medal of Freedom
2013 Special Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics


shape Books


Professor Hawking had published many books tackling the fundamental questions about the universe and our existence. Professor Hawking had also published many scientific papers and lecture notes.


S.No Name of Books
1 My Brief History
2 The Grand Design
3 A Brief History of Time
4 A Briefer History of Time
5 Black Holes: The Reith lectures
6 George and the Blue Moon
7 George and the Unbreakable Code
8 George and the Big Bang
9 George’s Cosmic Treasure Hunt
10 George’s Secret Key to the Universe
11 The Universe in a Nutshell
12 Black Holes and Baby Universes
13 On the Shoulders of Giants
14 The Large Scale Structure of Space-time
15 God created the Integers



Related Information
Stephen Hawking – Research
Stephen Hawking – Visionary Physicist