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Test of Reasoning

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Test of Reasoning

Test of Reasoning


shape Introduction

  • Skills in Reasoning are supposed to be the parameters of how analytical and discerning the mind of an individual is.

  • It is seen that a person with high level of reasoning is quite successful and well adjusted to the surrounding environment, while a person with low reasoning capabilities is not so successful in life and mal-adjusted to the environment around.

  • That is why the tests of reasoning have been devised to ascertain the suitability of a person for a job. Test of reasoning is a method of measuring the mental capacities. It includes tests to solve problems and arrive at rational answers and solutions in a logical way.

  • shape Exams:

  • There is no specific syllabus of tests of Reasoning. The range, depth, pattern, and format of questions vary from one exam to another.

  • Also the proportion of tests items of reasoning out of the total items of the test changes from one exam to another.

  • In management Aptitude Test (MAT), there are 40 items of reasoning out of the total of 200 items while in different Bank PO Exams almost 50 items are there from reasoning out of the total 200.
  • A Comparison table is given below:

    S.NO. Competitive Examination Total No. of questions No. of questions from Test of reasoning
    1. Bank Probationary Officers 200 50-70
    2. SSC Graduate level 200 50
    3. MAT 200 40
    4. Hotel management 200 50
    5. Inspector of Central Excise/IT 200 80
    6. Railway 200 20-30

    shape Reasoning

  • A verbal reasoning Test is designed to test the ability to analyse the given information in words and solve the problems using language-based reasoning framework.

  • It aims at evaluating the ability to think correctly and constructively, rather than at simple fluency or vocabulary power. It is also a test of intelligence, provides an assessment of individual’s ability to think logically and solve problems in shortest of time. verbal reasoning tests use words, letters, and numbers and require logical reasoning and a reasonable Knowledge of English language words.

  • people generally assume that their verbal reasoning skills are relatively sharp because they engage in conversations and engage in at least some reading of newspapers and magazines regularly.

  • The differentiation between some with poor verbal reasoning and some with excellent verbal reasoning skills lies in one’s ability to read or listen critically and pick out some significant information.

  • significant information can include known facts, specific opinions, statistics, sources and the like.

  • The following are some of the chapters of verbal reasoning:

    S.NO. Topics
    1. Coding – decoding
    2. Analogy
    3. Classification
    4. Alphabet Test
    5. word Formation
    6. Sitting Arrangement
    7. Direction sence Test
    8. Number, Ranking and Time sequence Test
    9. Puzzles
    10. Number series
    11. Letter series
    12. Inserting missing Character
    13. Problems based on ages
    14. Blood relations
    15. Clocks and Calendar
    16. Mathematical Operation
    17. Logical order of words
    18. Clerical Aptitude

  • “Logical and Analytical thinking is not a magical process or a matter of genetic endowment, but a learned and cultivated mental prowess.”

  • We all have these skills, and we use these many times in our daily life without being aware of this fact.

  • All Competitive exam papers contain logical and mastering some tricks, and regular practice n of various sub-topical
    questions could solve analytical test items in the reasonings section.

  • Following are the chapters of logical and analytical Reasoning:

    S.NO. Topics
    1. Logical venn Diagrams
    2. Eligibility test
    3. Syllogism
    4. Statements and Assumptions
    5. Statements and conclusions
    6. Statements and Arguments
    7. Statements and Course of Action
    8. Verification of truth of statement
    9. Data suffiency
    10. Input – Output

  • Non – verbal reasoning involves the ability to understand and analyse visual information and problems using visual reasoning.

  • For example, identifying relationships, similarities and differences between shapes and patterns, recognizing visual sequence and relationship between objects and remembering these.

  • It enables candidates to analyse and solve complex problems without relying upon or being limited by language skills.

  • As these tests don’t require reading can give insight into the abilities of those who have problems with reading and thinking verbal is those who may lack motivation and those with specific learning difficulties.

  • S.NO. Topics
    1. Mirror Image
    2. Water image
    3. Series
    4. Analogy
    5. Classification
    6. Paper folding and cutting
    7. Grouping of identical figures
    8. Formation of figure
    9. Counting figure
    10. Embedded figure
    11. Letter series
    12. Figure matrix
    13. Cube and Dice


    shape Tips

  • Practice Hard

  • Solve previous year’s question papers of that eaxm to know the range, type and levels of questions

  • Exercise your memory so that all the important formula and methods are always in yours consciousness

  • Practice for speed withh accuracy

  • Develop alertness and poise

  • Remember that the test is timed. It’s important to work out how much time you can spend on each question overall and make sure it does not take you longer than this.

  • Practice in advance. The questions are designed to trick you and the text will often be written in a deliberately ambiguous way.

  • Read the questions first

  • Don’t use general knowledge. Everything you need to answer the question is included in the passage already, so don’t be tempted to let your general knowledge affect your answer.

  • Take things literally. Passages must be interpreted literally as written – assertions that are implied are not necessarily true unless explicitly stated.