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Chief Justice of India

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Chief Justice of India

Indian Chief Justices

shape Introduction

The Chief Justice of India (CJI) is the head of the judiciary of India and the Supreme Court of India. The Chief Justice of India (CJI) is primarily responsible for the allocation of cases and appointment of constitutional benches which look into the important matters of law. The Chief Justice of India (CJI) also heads the administrative functions which include maintenance of the roster; appointment of court officials and general and miscellaneous matters relating to the supervision and functioning of the Supreme Court. Fact: Supreme Court came into being in January 1950, the year the Constitution came into effect. The Chief Justice of India (CJI) is the highest judicial officer of thenation.


In accordance with Article 145 of the Constitution of India and the Supreme Court Rules of Procedure of 1966, the Chief Justice of India is responsible to allocate all work to the other judges who are bound to refer the matter back to him or her (for re-allocation) in any case where they require it to be looked into by a larger bench of more judges.


Generally the senior-most judge of the supreme court is appointed as the Chief Justice of India (CJI). The article Chief Justice of India lists all the Chief Justices of India from 1950-2018. This article plays a prominent role in GA/GK section of various competitive exams in India.


shape Chief Justice

Under Article 24 of the Constitution of India, the Chief Justice of India/Supreme Court of India is appointed by the President of India. He/she can hold the office up to the age of 65 years. Generally, the Senior Most Justice of Supreme Court of India will be appointed as the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India/Chief Justice of India. Below listed are Chief Justices of India : Since 1950 – Till Date

Chief Justice Start Date End Date Bar Appointed by
H. J. Kania 26 January 1950 6 November 1951 Bombay High Court Rajendra Prasad
M. Patanjali Sastri 7 November 1951 3 January 1954 Madras High Court Rajendra Prasad
Mehr Chand Mahajan 4 January 1954 22 December 1954 Punjab and Haryana High Court Rajendra Prasad
Bijan Kumar Mukherjea 23 December 1954 31 January 1956 Calcutta High Court Rajendra Prasad
Sudhi Ranjan Das 1 February 1956 30 September 1959 Calcutta High Court Rajendra Prasad
Bhuvaneshwar Prasad Sinha 1 October 1959 31 January 1964 Patna High Court Rajendra Prasad
P. B. Gajendragadkar 1 February 1964 15 March 1966 Bombay High Court Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Amal Kumar Sarkar 16 March 1966 29 June 1966 Calcutta High Court Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Koka Subba Rao 30 June 1966 11 April 1967 Madras High Court Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Kailas Nath Wanchoo 12 April 1967 24 February 1968 Allahabad High Court Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Mohammad Hidayatullah 25 February 1968 16 December 1970 Bombay High Court Zakir Husain
Jayantilal Chhotalal Shah 17 December 1970 21 January 1971 Bombay High Court Varahagiri Venkata Giri
Sarv Mittra Sikri 22 January 1971 25 April 1973 Lahore High Court Varahagiri Venkata Giri
Ajit Nath Ray 26 April 1973 27 January 1977 Calcutta High Court Varahagiri Venkata Giri
Mirza Hameedullah Beg 28 January 1977 21 February 1978 Allahabad High Court Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed
Yeshwant Vishnu Chandrachud 22 February 1978 11 July 1985 Bombay High Court Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
Prafullachandra Natwarlal Bhagwati 12 July 1985 20 December 1986 Gujarat High Court Gyani Zail Singh
Raghunandan Swarup Pathak 21 December 1986 18 June 1989 Allahabad High Court Gyani Zail Singh
Engalaguppe Seetharamiah Venkataramiah 19 June 1989 17 December 1989 Karnataka High Court Ramaswamy Venkataraman
Sabyasachi Mukharji 18 December 1989 25 September 1990 Calcutta High Court Ramaswamy Venkataraman
Ranganath Misra 26 September 1990 24 November 1991 Odisha High Court Ramaswamy Venkataraman
Kamal Narain Singh 25 November 1991 12 December 1991 Allahabad High Court Ramaswamy Venkataraman
Madhukar Hiralal Kania 13 December 1991 17 November 1992 Bombay High Court Ramaswamy Venkataraman
Lalit Mohan Sharma 18 November 1992 11 February 1993 Patna High Court Shankar Dayal Sharma
Manepalli Narayana Rao Venkatachaliah 12 February 1993 24 October 1994 Karnataka High Court Shankar Dayal Sharma
Aziz Mushabber Ahmadi 25 October 1994 24 March 1997 Gujarat High Court Shankar Dayal Sharma
Jagdish Sharan Verma 25 March 1997 17 January 1998 Madhya Pradesh High Court Shankar Dayal Sharma
Madan Mohan Punchhi 18 January 1998 9 October 1998 Punjab and Haryana High Court Kocheril Raman Narayanan
Adarsh Sein Anand 10 October 1998 11 January 2001 Jammu and Kashmir High Court Kocheril Raman Narayanan
Sam Piroj Bharucha 11 January 2001 6 May 2002 Bombay High Court Kocheril Raman Narayanan
Bhupinder Nath Kirpal 6 May 2002 8 November 2002 Delhi High Court Kocheril Raman Narayanan
Gopal Ballav Pattanaik 8 November 2002 19 December 2002 Odisha High Court A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
V. N. Khare 19 December 2002 2 May 2004 Allahabad High Court A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
S. Rajendra Babu 2 May 2004 1 June 2004 Karnataka High Court A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
Ramesh Chandra Lahoti 1 June 2004 1 November 2005 Madhya Pradesh High Court A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
Yogesh Kumar Sabharwal 1 November 2005 13 January 2007 Delhi High Court A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
K. G. Balakrishnan 13 January 2007 11 May 2010 Kerala High Court A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
S. H. Kapadia 12 May 2010 28 September 2012 Bombay High Court Pratibha Patil
Altamas Kabir 29 September 2012 18 July 2013 Calcutta High Court Pranab Mukherjee
P. Sathasivam 19 July 2013 26 April 2014 Madras High Court Pranab Mukherjee
Rajendra Mal Lodha 27 April 2014 27 September 2014 Rajasthan High Court Pranab Mukherjee
H. L. Dattu 28 September 2014 2 December 2015 Karnataka High Court Pranab Mukherjee
T. S. Thakur 3 December 2015 3 January 2017 Jammu and Kashmir High Court Pranab Mukherjee
J. S. Khehar 4 January 2017 27 August 2017 Punjab and Haryana High Court Pranab Mukherjee
Dipak Misra 28 August 2017 2 October 2018 Odisha High Court Ram Nath Kovind
Ranjan Gogoi 3 August 2017 Incumbent Odisha High Court Ram Nath Kovind