The NEP 2020 new policy aims to achieve 100 per cent youth and adult literacy in India. While announcing the policy details, Amit Khare, Secretary, Higher Education said that the government aims to increase the public investment in the education sector from the current 4.3 per cent to reach 6 per cent of GDP at the earliest.
What does 5+3+3+4 mean?
The new NEP has replaced school education 10+2 format with 5+3+3+4. Here’s how school education will be approached according to the new and reformed education policy:
Foundational years of 5 years
This will consist of 3 years of pre-school/Anganwadi education and 2 years of primary education including class 1 and 2. It will be for the age group from 3-8.
Preparatory stage for 3 years
This will cover school education from class 3-5 with focus on experimental learning. It will cover the age group from 8-11.
Secondary Stage for 3 years
This will cover school education from class 6-8 and will be for age group from 11-14.
Secondary stage for 4 years
This will cover school education from class 9-12 in two phases. The first phase will be from 9-10 and second from 11-12.
New school assessment scheme
The new school assessment scheme will come in place from 2022-2023. As per the new assessment scheme, school exams in grade 3,5 and 8 will test child’s basic learning with a 360-degree progress report card.
Board exams to be made easier
According to new NEP, board exams will also be made easier to test core competencies among students.
2. What is the new 5+3+3+4 curricular structure?
Under the new system there will be four development stages:
Foundational: 3 years (Anganwadi/pre-school/Balvatika)(Age 2 to 6)|2 years (class 1 & 2)(Age 6 to 8)
Preparatory: 3 years Class 3 to 5)(Age 8 to 11)
Middle: 3 years (6 to 8)(Age 11 to 14)
Secondary – Years (Class 9 to 12)(Age 14 to 18)
3. What is the three-language formula?
The new National Education Policy(NEP) recommends that all students will larn three languages in their school. Under the formula, at least two of the three languages should be native to India.
4. Will there be any changes in board exams pattern?
Board exams will continue for 10th & 12th but the question papers will have more number of objective type questions and redesigned with holistic development as th aim. A new National Assessment Centre, PARAKH, will be set up as a standard-sitting body.
5. What criteria will be followed for admission in higher education institutes?
After grade 12, the National Testing Agency will conduct a single entrance examination for admission into higher educational institutes in the country.
6. How will these reforms be implemented?
Since education is a concurrent subject, both the centre and the state governments can make laws on it. But the reforms proposed can only be implemented collaboratively b the Center and the states.
7. What is the minimum qualification needed for a teacher under new NEP 2020?
Th minimum qualification for teaching will be a 4 year integrated BEd degree. A new and comprehensive National Curricular Framework for Teacher Education., NCTE 2021. will be formulated by the NCTE in consultation with NCERT.
8. What dos multiple entry and exit for UG courses mean?
If a student choose to exit from the degree at any point during the course of the to return and start where they left.
They are not required to start from their first year of undergraduate course again.
9. What changes have been made for undergraduate courses?
under the new ug courses format. options have been given that include certificate after one year, advanced diploma after two years. Bachelor’s degree after three years and Bachelor’s with research after four years.