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Disaster Management in India

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Disaster Management in India

shape Introduction

Disaster Management deals with the management of resources and information. Disaster management, at the individual and organizational level, deals with issues of planning, coordinating, communication and risk management. Disasters Management is classified according to whether they are “natural” disasters or “human-made” disasters. For example, natural disasters caused by floods, droughts, tidal waves, and earth tremors. Human disasters caused by chemical or industrial accidents, environmental pollution, transport accidents.

shape Disasters

List of various Disasters

S.No Disaster Name Causes of Disaster
1 Water and climate related
  • Floods and drainage management
  • Cyclones
  • Tornadoes and hurricanes
  • Hailstorm
  • Cloud burst
  • Heat wave and cold wave
  • Snow avalanches
  • Droughts
  • Sea erosion
  • Thunder and lightening
  • Tsunami
  • 2 Geological related disasters
  • Landslides and mudflows
  • Earthquakes
  • Dam failures/ Dam bursts
  • Minor fires
  • 3 Chemical, industrial and nuclear related disasters
  • Chemical and industrial disasters
  • Nuclear disasters
  • 4 Accident related disasters
  • Forest fires
  • Urban fires
  • Mine flooding
  • Oil spills
  • Major building collapse
  • Serial bomb blasts
  • Festival related disasters
  • Electrical disasters and fires
  • Air, road and rail accidents
  • Boat capsizing
  • Village fire
  • 5 Biological related disasters
  • Biological disasters and epidemics
  • Pest attacks
  • Cattle epidemics
  • Food poisoning

  • shape India

    Disaster Management in India

    S.No Name of Event Year State & Area
    1 Tsunami 2004 coastline of Tamil
    Nadu, Kerala,
    Andhra Pradesh and
    Pondicherry, as well
    as the Andaman and
    Nicobar Islands of
    2 Maharashtra floods July 2005 Maharashtra State
    3 Kashmir Earthquake 2005 Kashmir State
    4 Kosi Floods 2008 North Bihar
    5 Cyclone Nisha 2008 Tamil Nadu

    shape Effects

    Effects of Disaster Management

  • Loss of Life and Properties

  • Deaths

  • Disability

  • Loss of Properties

  • Displacement

  • Environmental loss

  • Increase in Communicable Diseases

  • Obstruction of Development

  • shape Precautions

    Precautions of Disaster Management

  • The people should be stored safely, foodstuffs and water.

  • Turning off the gas and electricity supply to their houses.

  • The originals certificates like birth certificates, marriage certificates, passports, citizenship.

  • If power is lost, turn off major appliances and keep refrigerators and freezers closed.

  • Check your home for any damage, including the roof.