CEO NITI Ayog, Shri Amitabh Kant, who also participated in the launch, says that it is one of the most vital and essential efforts which covers one of the most disturbing issues of urbanization, namely air pollution. Today cities comprise only 3% of the land but account for 82% of GDP and 78% of carbon dioxide emissions. Although cities are development engines and equity motors it must be viable and NCAP is a very comprehensive scheme of particular significance to this.
India is dedicated to a clean atmosphere and pollution-free air and water. It is considered necessary in our Constitution. According to Article 253 of the Constitution, the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 was introduced to apply the decisions that were made at the UN Conference on Human Environment at Stockholm in June 1972, wherein India participated. Sustainable development is an important component of India’s development principle given for improving human well-being.
For the previous three decades, India has experienced a stage of rapid industrial activity. The development in industrialization and urbanization has resulted in numerous pollution problems, especially air pollution.
Air pollution is presently one of the world’s leading environmental problems. Emissions from air pollution are linked with many industries such as electricity, transport, housing, agriculture, construction, and industry. The effects of air pollution are not confined to health but expand to agriculture and the survival of humans, flora and animal population. As air pollution is not localized, the impact is being felt far away from the source in towns and cities.
To tackle the problem, the Government has taken many important measures including:
In the latest policy measures, pollution levels in several significant cities have recently shown some slight improvements. It’s not enough and the need to tackle this problem comprehensively at the domestic level now seems to include greater levels of city and rural time-bound projects. The need for NCAP is therefore recognized, to nationally implement air pollution prevention policies on a regional and urban basis.
City and Sector Focus:
Pollution Specific Interventions
Published: September 17,2019