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India Constitution and Cabinet Office Holders Nov 2018

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India Constitution and Cabinet Office Holders Nov 2018

shape Introduction

A office or post mentioned in the constitution is a Constitutional Post. Thus, Constitutional Posts are those State functionaries who derive their existence and powers directly from the Constitution. The Constitutional posts consist of President, Vice President, Governor, Judges of Supreme Court and High Court, Prime Minister, Chief Minister, Comptroller and Auditor General of India, Attorney General of India etc.


The President of India holds the power to make numerous constitutional appointments. However, the power is exercised on the proposal of the Cabinet. Cabinet decides who is to be appointed and the place to be appointed to. The President appoints Governor of States, ambassadors and members of a number of Commissions. The Constitutional Bodies in India are created by the Constitution which assists the Government to operate properly. Each of these permanent or semi-permanent organizations is accountable for the administration of specific functions. Some additional bodies help them by providing advisory functions. The major constitutional bodies in India are as under:

  • Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)
  • State Public Service Commission
  • Joint State Public Service Commission
  • The Comptroller and Auditor General of India
  • Election Commission of India
  • Finance Commission of India
  • National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC)
  • National Commission For Scheduled Tribe
  • Staff Selection Commission (SSC)
  • Central Vigilance Commission (CVC)

  • The Union Council of Ministers exercises executive authority in the Republic of India. The Union Council of Ministers consists of senior ministers, called ‘cabinet ministers‘, junior ministers, called ‘ministers of state‘ and, rarely, deputy ministers.


    The Union Council of Ministers is led by the Prime Minister. A smaller executive body called the Union Cabinet is the supreme decision-making body in India. Only the prime minister and ministers of the rank of cabinet minister are members of Union Cabinet. The Council of Ministers is responsible collectively to the lower house of the Indian parliament, called the Lok Sabha (House of People). A minister shall not take any decision without being considered by the council of ministers. All union cabinet members shall submit in writing to the President to propose proclamation of emergency by the president.


    According to the Constitution of India, the total number of ministers in the council of ministers must not exceed 15% of the total number of members of the Lok Sabha. Ministers must be members of parliament. Any minister who is not a member of either of the houses of the parliament for six consecutive months is automatically stripped off his or her ministerial post. There are five categories of council of ministers as mentioned below:


  • Prime Minister
  • Deputy Prime Minister (if any); presides as prime minister in his absence or as the senior most cabinet minister.
  • Cabinet Minister: member of cabinet; leads a ministry.
  • Minister of State (independent charge): junior minister not reporting to a cabinet minister.
  • Minister of State (MoS): junior minister reporting to a cabinet minister, usually tasked with a specific responsibility in that ministry.

  • The article India Constitution and Cabinet Office Holders Nov 2018 lists current office holders of various fields of the Govt. of India. Several competitive exams including recruitment exams in India frequently have questions about Office holders in the Govt. Of India.


    shape Constitutional

    India Constitution and Cabinet Office Holders : Constitutional Office Holders:


    S.no Office Name
    1. President of India Ram Nath Kovind
    2. Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi
    3. Vice President of India and Chairman of Rajya Sabha Venkaiah Naidu
    4. Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi
    5. Speaker of the Lok Sabha Sumitra Mahajan
    6. Chief Election Commissioner Om Prakash Rawat
    7. Comptroller and Audit General of India Rajiv Mehrishi
    8. Chairman of UPSC Arvind Saxena
    9. Attorney General of India K.K.Venugopal


    shape Union Council

    S.no Office Name
    1. Prime Minister of India
    Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
    Department of Atomic Energy
    Department of Space
    All important policy issues and all other portfolios not allocated to any Minister.
    Narendra Modi
    2. Minister of Home Affairs Rajnath Singh
    3. Minister of Finance Arun Jaitley
    4. Minister of Defence Nirmala Sitharaman
    5. Minister of External Affairs Sushma Swaraj
    6. Minister of Agriculture Radha Mohan Singh
    7. Minister of Human Resource Development Prakash Javadekar
    8. Minister of Railways Piyush Goyal
    9. Minister of Law and Justice Ravi Shankar Prasad
    10. Minister of Information and Broadcasting Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore
    11. Minister Of Petroleum and Natural Gas Dharmendra Pradhan
    12. Minister Of Coal Piyush Goyal
    13. Minister Of Commerce and Industry Suresh Prabhu
    14. Minister of Statistics and Programme Implementation D. V. Sadananda Gowda
    15. Minister of Textiles Smriti Irani
    16. Minister Of Health and Family Welfare Jagat Prakash Nadda
    17. Minister of Science and Technology Harsh Vardhan
    18. Minister of Road Transport and Highways
    Minister of Shipping
    Nitin Gadkari
    19. Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment Thawar Chand Gehlot
    20. Minister of Law and Justice Ravi Shankar Prasad
    21. Minister of Tribal Affairs Jual Oram
    22. Minister of Labour and Employment Santosh Kumar Gangwar
    23. Minister of Steel Chaudhary Birender Singh
    24. Minister of Food Processing Industries Harsimrat Kaur Badal
    25. Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Anant Geete
    26. Minister of Civil Aviation Suresh Prabhu
    27. Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers Ananth Kumar
    28. Minister of Parliamentary Affairs Ananth Kumar
    29. Minister of Women and Child Development Maneka Gandhi
    30. Minister of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Giriraj Singh
    31. Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution Ram Vilas Paswan
    32. Minister of Mines Narendra Singh Tomar
    33. Minister of Rural Development
    Minister of Panchayati Raj
    Narendra Singh Tomar
    34. Minister of Minority Affairs Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi
    35. Minister of Drinking Water and Sanitation Uma Bharati
    36. Minister of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Nitin Gadkari
    37. Minister of Electronics and Information Technology Ravi Shankar Prasad


    shape MoS(Indp)

    S.no Office Name
    1.
    • Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Planning
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers
    Rao Inderjit Singh
    2. Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Labour and Employment Santosh Kumar Gangwar
    3. Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) Shripad Yasso Naik
    4.
    • Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region
    • Minister of State in the Prime Minister’s Office
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
    • Minister of State in the Department of Atomic Energy
    • Minister of State in the Department of Space
    Dr. Jitendra Singh
    5.
    • Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Culture
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
    Dr. Mahesh Sharma
    6. Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises. Giriraj Singh
    7.
    • Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Communications
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Railways.
    Manoj Sinha
    8.
    • Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports
    • Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
    Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore
    9.
    • Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Power
    • Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.
    R. K. Singh
    10. Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs. Minister of State (Hardeep Singh Puri
    11. Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Tourism Alphons Kannanthanam


    shape MoS

    S.no Office Name
    1.
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
    Vijay Goel
    2.
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Finance
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Shipping
    Pon Radhakrishnan
    3.
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology

    S.S. Ahluwalia
    4. Minister of State in the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation Ramesh Jigajinagi
    5. Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment Ramdas Athawale
    6. Minister of State in the Ministry of Steel Vishnu Deo Sai
    7. Minister of State in the Ministry of Rural Development Ram Kripal Yadav
    8. Minister of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs Hansraj Ahir
    9.
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Mines
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Coal
    Haribhai Parthibhai Chaudhary
    10. Minister of State in the Ministry of Railways Rajen Gohain
    11. Minister of State in the Ministry of External Affairs V. K. Singh
    12.
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Panchayati Raj
    Parshottam Rupala
    13. Minister of State for Civil Aviation Jayant Sinha
    14. Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment Krishan Pal Gurjar
    15. Minister of State in the Ministry of Tribal Affairs Jasvantsinh Sumanbhai Bhabhor
    16. Minister of State in the Ministry of Finance Shiv Pratap Shukla
    17. Minister of State in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Ashwini Kumar Choubey
    18. Minister of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju
    19. Minister of State in the Ministry of Human Resource Development Upendra Kushwaha
    20.
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Women and Child Development
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Minority Affairs
    Dr. Virendra Kumar
    21. Minister of State in the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare Anupriya Patel
    22. Minister of State in the Ministry of External Affairs M. J. Akbar
    23. Minister of State in the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Anant Kumar Hegde
    24. Minister of State in the Ministry of Food Processing Industries. Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti
    25. Minister of State in the Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Babul Supriyo
    26.
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation
    Arjun Ram Meghwal
    27. Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment Vijay Sampla
    28. Minister of State in the Ministry of Textiles Ajay Tamta
    29. Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Krishna Raj
    30.
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry
    Chhotu Ram Chaudhary
    31.
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Human Resource Development
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation
    Dr. Satya Pal Singh
    32.
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Law and Justice
    • Minister of State in the Ministry of Corporate Affairs
    P. P. Chaudhary
    33. Minister of State in the Ministry of Defence Dr. Subhash Ramrao Bhamre
    34. Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Gajendra Singh Shekhawat


    shape Bureaucrats

    S.no Office Name
    1. Cabinet Secretary of India Pradeep Kumar Sinha
    2. Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister Nripendra Misra
    3. Additional Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister Pramod Kumar Misra
    4. Secretary-General of the Lok Sabha Snehlata Shrivastava
    5. Secretary-General of the Rajya Sabha Desh Deepak Verma
    6. National Security Adviser Ajit Doval
    7. Chairman, Railway Board Ashwani Lohani
    8. Home Secretary Rajiv Gauba
    9. Finance Secretary Hasmukh Adhia
    10. Defence Secretary Sanjay Mitra
    11. Foreign Secretary Vijay Keshav Gokhale
    12. Principal Scientific Adviser K. VijayRaghavan
    13. Chief Economic Adviser Krishnamurthy Subramanian


    shape PCO

    S.no Office Name
    1. National Human Rights Commission of India H. L. Dattu
    (Chairman)
    2. National Commission for Minorities Syed Ghayorul Hasan Rizvi
    (Chairman)
    3. National Commission for Scheduled Castes Ram Shankar Katheria
    (Chairman)
    4. National Commission for Scheduled Tribes Nand Kumar Sai
    (Chairman)
    5. National Commission for Women Rekha Sharma
    (Chairman)
    6. Central Administrative Tribunal Justice Permod Kohli
    (Chairman)
    7. Central Vigilance Commission K. V. Chowdhary
    (Chairman)
    8. Central Information Commission R. K. Mathur
    (Chairman)
    9. Atomic Energy Commission of India Sekhar Basu
    (Chairman)
    10. Department of Space K Sivan
    (Chairman)
    11. University Grants Commission D. P. Singh
    (Chairman)
    12. Central Water Commission Narendra Kumar
    (Chairman)
    13. Space Applications Centre Tapan Misra
    (Director)
    14. National Forest Commission B. N. Kirpal
    (Chairman)
    15. Competition Commission of India Devender Kumar Sikri
    (Chairman)


    shape Finance

    S.no Office Name
    1. 15th Finance Commission of India N.K.Singh
    (Chairman)
    2. Reserve Bank of India Urjit Patel
    (Governor)
    3. Securities and Exchange Board of India Ajay Tyagi
    (Chairman)
    4. Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India Subhash Chandra Khuntia
    (Governor)
    5. 7th Pay Commission Ashok Kumar Mathur
    (Chairman)
    6. Small Industries Development Bank of India Muhammad Mustafa
    (Governor)
    7. Company Law Board Mahesh Kumar Mittal
    (Chairman)
    8. Export-Import Bank of India Yaduvendra Mathur
    (Chairman and Managing Director)
    9. National Housing Bank Sriram Kalyanaraman
    (CEO and Managing Director)
    10. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development Harsh Kumar Bhanwala
    (Chairman)
    11. Industrial Finance Corporation of India Emandi Sankara Rao
    (CEO and Managing Director)
    12. National Stock Exchange Ashok Chawla
    (Chairman)
    13. Bombay Stock Exchange Sethuratnam Ravi
    (Chairman)
    14. State Bank of India Rajnish Kumar
    (Chairperson)
    15. Industrial Development Bank of India Mahesh Kumar Jain
    (Chairman)
    16. Life Insurance Corporation of India V. K. Sharma
    (Chairman)
    17. Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry Pankaj Patel
    (President)
    18. Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority Hemant G. Contractor
    (Chairman)
    19. Confederation of Indian Industry Rakesh Bharti Mittal
    (President)
    20. Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India Sandeep Jajodia
    (President)
    21. National Statistical Commission Radha Binod Barman
    (Chairman)
    22. Archaeological Survey of India Rakesh Tiwari
    (President)
    23. Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Ram Sevak Sharma
    (Chairman)
    24. Enforcement Directorate Karnal Singh
    (Director)
    25. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Shashi Shanker
    (Chairman & MD)
    26. Gas Authority of India Limited B. C. Tripathi
    (Chairman & MD)
    27. Indian Oil Corporation Limited Sanjiv Singh
    (Chairman)
    28. Oil India Limited Utpal Bora
    (Chairman & MD)
    29. Central Board of Secondary Education Anita Karwal
    (Chairperson)


    shape Def & Sec

    S.no Office Name
    1. Chief of the Army Staff General Bipin Rawat
    2. Chief of the Air Staff Air Chief Marshal Birender Singh Dhanoa
    3. Chief of the Naval Staff Admiral Sunil Lanba
    (also Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee)
    4. Chief of Integrated Defence Staff Lieutenant General P S Rajeshwar
    5. Director General, Military Intelligence Lieutenant General K. G. Krishna
    6. Director, Intelligence Bureau Rajiv Jain
    (IPS)
    7. Secretary, Research and Analysis Wing Anil Dhasmana
    (IPS)
    8. Director, Central Bureau of Investigation Alok Verma
    (IPS)
    9. Director General, Border Security Force Rajni Kant Mishra
    (IPS)
    10. Director General, Central Reserve Police Force Rajiv Rai Bhatnagar
    (IPS)
    11. Director General, Central Industrial Security Force Rajesh Ranjan
    (IPS)
    12. Director General, Sashastra Seema Bal S. S. Deswal
    (IPS)
    13. Director General, National Security Guard Sudeep Lakhtakia
    (IPS)
    14. Director General, National Investigation Agency Y.C. Modi
    (IPS)
    15. Director General, National Disaster Response Force Sanjay Kumar
    (IPS)
    16. Director General, Indo-Tibetan Border Police R. K. Pachnanda
    (IPS)