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Indian Missiles

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Indian Missiles

Indian Missiles

shape Introduction

Indian Missiles arsenal serves a number of purposes in New Delhi’s defense strategy. Fundamentally, its ballistic missile arsenal is a means to deliver nuclear weapons to deter both Pakistan and China. This is an important topic for General Awareness section of different competitive exams.


shape Missiles

India has mastered missile technology from olden days. But it was left behind in this field when the Britishers rule the country for hundred years. Research in missile technology resumed again in the late 1950s under the political leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru, independent India’s first prime minister. This was the time when India decided to go ahead with its integrated guided missile development programme (IGMDP), headed by the eminent scientist and former president of India Dr.A PJ Abdul kalam who launched the first satellite launch vehicle, SLV-3 putting the Rohini satellite in orbit.


The (IGMDP), begins on July 26, 1983 Defence Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL) in Hyderabad. A host of missiles, including the strategic Agni integrated range Ballistic missile(IRBM), the tactical prithvi, the akash and trishul surface to air missile and the Nag anti-tank guided missile were developed under the progamme.

The list of Indian Missiles are as listed below:

Missile Name Orgin Type Range Speed
Air-to-air missiles
Astra India Air-to-Air Missiles 60 – 80 km Mach 4 +
K-100 Russia & India Medium Range air-to-air missile 300–400 km Mach 3.3
MICA IAF Air-to-Air Missiles
Surface-To-Air Missiles
Akash India Medium-range surface-to-air misile 30-35km Mach 2.5to 3.5
Barak 8 Isreal/India Long Range surface to air Missile 100 km Mach 2
Trishul India Short Range surface to air missile 9km
Defence Missile
Prithvi Air Defence (PAD) India Exo-atmospheric Anti-ballistic missile Altitude- 80km Mach 5+
Advanced Air Defence (AAD) India Endoatmospheric Anti-ballistic missile Altitude- 30km Mach 4.5
Prithvi Defence Vehicle (PDV) India Exo-atmospheric Anti-ballistic missile Altitude- 120km
Cruise Missiles
Nirbhay India Subsonic cruise missile(Ship,
submarine, aircraft and land)
1,000 -1500km Mach 0.8
BrahMos Russia & India supersonic cruise missile(ship, submarine, aircraft and land) 290 km Mach 2.8 to 3 Mach
BrahMos II India hyperspersonic cruise missile(ship,
submarine,aircraft and land)
300km Mach 7
Surface-to-surface missiles
Agni-I India Medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) 700-1250 km Mach 7.5
Agni-II India Intermediate-range ballistic missile(IRBM) 2,000–3,000km Mach 12
Agni-III India Intermediate-range ballistic missile(IRBM) 3,500 km –5,000 km 5–6 km/s
Agni-IV India Intermediate-range ballistic missile(IRBM) 3,000–4,000 km Mach 7
Agni-V India Intercontinental ballistic missile(ICBM) 5000 –8000Km Mach 24
Prithvi I India Short Range Ballistic Missile(Tactical) 150 km
Prithvi II India Short Range Ballistic Missile(Tactical) 350 km
Dhanush India Short Range Ballistic Missile(Tactical) 350 – 600 km
Prahaar(Pragati) India Short Range Ballistic Missile(Tactical) 150 km Mach 2.03
Shaurya India Medium-Range Ballistic Missile (MRBM) 750 to 1,900 km Mach 7.5
Submarine Launched Ballistic Missiles
Sagarika (K-15) India Ballistic Missile 700 –1900Km Mach 7+
K-4 India Ballistic Missile 3,500–5,000 km Mach 7+
K-5 India Ballistic Missile 6,000 km
Ashwin India Ballistic Missile 150-200km Mach 4.5
Anti-Tank Missile
Nag India Anti-Tank Guided Missile 4km 230 m/s
Helina(Helicopter launched Nag) India Anti-Tank Guided Missile 7-8km
Amogha-1 India Anti-Tank Guided Missile 2.8 km