GK - India - SPLessons

Indian National Parks

SPLessons 5 Steps, 3 Clicks
5 Steps - 3 Clicks

Indian National Parks

Indian National Parks

shape Introduction

According to the Indian Ministry of Environment & Forests, a national park is an area, whether within a sanctuary or not, that can be notified by the state government to be constituted as a National Park, by reason of its ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological, or zoological association or importance, needed to for the purpose of protecting & propagating or developing wildlife therein or its environment. The article Indian National Parks plays an prominent role in General Awareness/General Knowledge preparation in many competitive exams.


shape Parks

National parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas. India’s first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand. By 1970, India only had five national parks. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard the habitats of conservation reliant species.

Further federal legislation strengthening protections for wildlife was introduced in the 1980s. As of July 2017, there were 103 national parks encompassing an area of 40,500 km2 (15,600 sq mi), comprising 1.23% of India’s total surface area.

Plans are underway to establish many more national parks in India. All of India’s national parks are listed below alongside their home state or territory, area and the date that they were established. See protected areas of India for an overview of all Indian protected areas.

Below table list the State wise Indian National Parks.

State Name of the Park Established Year
Andaman & Nicobar Islands Rani Jhansi Marine National Park 1996
Galathea National Park 1992
Campbell Bay National Park 1992
South Button Island National Park 1987
Mount Harriet National Park 1987
Middle Button Island National Park 1987
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park 1983
Saddle Peak National Park 1979
North Button Island National Park 1979
Andhra Pradesh Papikonda National Park 2008
Sri Venkateswara National Park 1989
Arunachal Pradesh Pakke Tiger Reserve 1996
Namdapha National Park 1974
Mouling National Park 1986
Assam Orang National Park 1999
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park 1999
Manas National Park 1990
Nameri National Park 1978
Kaziranga National Park 1974
Bihar Valmiki National Park 1976
Chhattisgarh Kanger Ghati National Park 1982
Indravati National Park 1981
Guru Ghasidas National Park 1981
Goa Mollem National Park 1978
Gujarat Gulf of Kutch Marine National Park 1980
Vansda National Park 1979
Blackbuck National Park 1976
Gir Forest National Park 1965
Haryana Kalesar National Park 2003
Sultanpur National Park 1989
Himachal Pradesh Simbalbara National Park 2010
Khirganga National Park 2010
Inderkilla National Park 2010
Pin Valley National Park 1987
Great Himalayan National Park 1984
Jammu & Kashmir Salim Ali National Park 1992
Kishtwar National Park 1981
Hemis National Park 1981
Dachigam National Park 1981
Jharkhand Betla National Park 1986
Hazaribagh National Park 1976
Palamau Tiger Reserve 1973
Karnataka Nagarhole National Park 1988
Kudremukh National Park 1987
Anshi National Park 1987
Bannerghatta National Park 1986
Bandipur National Park 1974
Kerala Pampadum Shola National Park 2003
Mathikettan Shola National Park 2003
Anamudi Shola National Park 2003
Periyar National Park 1982
Silent Valley National Park 1980
Eravikulam National Park 1978
Madhya Pradesh Van Vihar National Park 1983
Mandla Plant Fossils National Park 1983
Satpura National Park 1981
Sanjay National Park 1981
Panna National Park 1981
Pench National Park 1977
Bandhavgarh National Park 1968
Madhav National Park 1959
Kanha National Park 1955
Maharashtra Chandoli National Park 2004
Gugamal National Park 1987
Navegaon National Park 1975
Sanjay Gandhi National Park 1969
Tadoba National Park 1955
Manipur Sirohi National Park 1982
Keibul Lamjao National Park 1977
Meghalaya Balphakram National Park 1986
Nokrek National Park 1986
Mizoram Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park 1992
Murlen National Park 1991
Nagaland Ntangki National Park 1993
Odisha Bhitarkanika National Park 1988
Simlipal National Park 1980
Rajasthan Mukundra Hills National Park 2006
Ranthambore National Park 1981
Keoladeo National Park 1981
Desert National Park 1980
Mount Abu National Park 1960
Sariska Tiger Reserve 1955
Sikkim Khangchendzonga National Park 1977
Tamil Nadu Mukurthi National Park 2001
Indira Gandhi WS & National Park 1989
Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park 1980
Guindy National Park 1976
Mudumalai National Park 1940
Telangana Mrugavani National Park 1994
Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park 1994
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy Natinoal Park 1994
Tripura Bison (Rajbari) National Park 2007
Clouded Leopard National Park 2003
Uttar Pradesh Dudhwa National Park 1977
Uttarakhand Govind Pashu Vihar National Park 1990
Gangotri National Park 1989
Rajaji National Park 1983
Valley of Flowers National Park 1982
Nanda Devi National Park 1982
Jim Corbett National Park 1936
West Bengal Jaldapara National Park 2012
Gorumara National Park 1994
Buxa Tiger Reserve 1992
Singalila National Park 1986
Neora Valley National Park 1986
Sundarbans National Park 1984