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Indian National Symbols

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Indian National Symbols

Indian National Symbols

shape Introduction

The article Indian National Symbols presents the list of National Symbols of the country such as National Bird, Animal, Emblem. This article plays a prominent role in GA/GK preparation in many competitive exams such as SSC CHSL, SSC CGL, IBPS, SBI, RRB, RBI etc


shape Symbols

The Republic of India has several official national symbols including a historical document, a flag, an emblem, an anthem, a memorial tower as well as several national heroes. All the symbols were picked up at various times. The design of the national flag was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly just before independence, on the 22nd of July in 1947. There are also several other symbols including the national animal, bird, flower, fruit and tree etc.

Below table contains the list of Indian National Symbols:

Title Symbol Picture Note
National Flag Tiranga (Flag of India)
  • The flag is based on the Swaraj flag designed by Pingali Venkayya.
  • It was adopted on 22 July 1947
National Emblem National Emblem of India
  • It was adopted as the National Emblem of India on 26 January 1950
National Calendar Saka calendar
  • Saka calendar was introduced by the Calendar Committee in 1957.
  • It was adopted on 22 March 1957
National Anthem Jana Gana Mana
  • It was written by Rabindranath Tagore
  • It was adopted on 24 January 1950
National Song Vande Mataram
  • It was written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
  • It was adopted on 24 January 1950
Oath of Allegiance National Pledge
  • It was written in Telugu by Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao in 1962.
  • Central Advisory Board on Education directed that the pledge to be sung in Schools and that this practice to be introduced by 26 January 1965.
National Fruit Mango
  • Mango originated in India and the country is home to more than 100 varieties of the fruit.
National Flower Lotus
  • Lotus is the National Flower of India.
  • It is a sacred flower and occupies a unique position in the art and mythology of ancient India
National River Ganga
  • Ganga is the longest river of India with the most heavily populated river basin in the world.
  • The river is revered by Hindus as the most sacred river on earth.
National Animal Royal Bengal tiger
  • Bengal tiger the largest carnivore is found only in the Indian subcontinent and can be found in most regions of the country.
National Tree Indian Banyan
  • Indian banyan root themselves to form new trees and grow over large areas.
  • Because of this characteristic and its longevity, this tree is considered immortal and is an integral part of the myths and legends of India.
National Aquatic Animal River Dolphin
  • Gangetic dolphin is said to represent the purity of the holy Ganga River as it can only survive in pure and fresh water.
National Bird Indian peacock
  • The Government of India has decided to have the Peacock as the national bird of India.
  • It was adopted on February 1, 1963
National Currency Indian Rupee
  • Indian Rupee is the official currency of the Republic of India.
  • The Indian rupee symbol is derived from the Devanagari consonant “र” (ra) and the Latin letter “R” was adopted in 2010.
National Microbe Lactobacillus
  • Lactobacillus delbrueckii has been announced as the National Microbe for India.
  • Jayanthi Natarajan India’s Minister of State for Environment and Forests on October 18, 2012.
  • These are “friendly” bacteria that normally live in our digestive, urinary, and genital systems without causing disease.