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Indian Political Parties

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Indian Political Parties

Indian Political Parties

shape Introduction

“A Political Party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government.” India has a multi-party system with recognition accorded to national, state and district level parties. The status is reviewed periodically by the election commission of India (ECI). Political Parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the ECI.

Below provided is a list of Indian Political Parties (National & State) and names of the current leaders of the Indian Political Parties.


shape National

A registered party is recognized as a National Party only if it fulfills any one of the following three conditions.

    1. The party wins 2% of seats in the Lok Sabha (as of 2014, 11 seats) from at least 3 different States.
    2. At a General Election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in four States and in addition, it wins 4 Lok Sabha seats.
    3. A party gets recognition as a State Party in four or more states.


Below listed are the National Level Indian Political Parties.


Name Abbreivation Symbol Foundation year Current leader Head quaters
All India Trinamool Congress AITC 1998 Mamata Banerjee Flowers & grass 36G Tapsia Road, Kolkata-700039, (West Bengal)
Bahujan Samaj Party BSP 1984 Mayawati Elephant 12, Gurudwara Rakabganj Road, New Delhi-11000, (Delhi)
Bharatiya Janata Party BJP 1980 Amit Shah Lotus 11 Ashoka Road,
New Delhi-11000, (Delhi)
Communist Party of India CPI 1925 Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy Ears of corn and sickle Indrajit Gupta Marg, New Delhi-110002, (Delhi)
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M) 1964 Sitaram Yechury Hammer sickle and star Bhai Vir Singh Marg, []New Delhi]]-110 001, (Delhi)
Indian National Congress INC 1885 Rahul Gandhi Hand 10, Bishmabhar Marg, New Delhi-110001, (Delhi)
Nationalist Congress Party NCP 1999 Sharad Pawar Clock 10, Bishmabhar Marg, New Delhi-110001, (Delhi)



shape State Party

A registered party has to fulfill any of the following conditions for recognition as a State Party:


    1. A party should win minimum three percent of the total number of seats or a minimum of three seats in the Legislative Assembly.
    2. A party should win at least one seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any fraction there of allotted to that State at a general election to the Lok Sabha.
    3. A political party should secure at least six percent of the total valid votes polled during general election to a Lok Sabha or State Legislative Assembly and should, in addition, win at least one Lok Sabha, and two Legislative Assembly seats in that election,
    4. Under the liberalized criteria, one more clause that it will be eligible for recognition as State Party if it secures 8% or more of the total valid votes polled in the State.addition to one seat in any state.


Below listed are the State Level Indian Political Parties


Name Abbreivation Symbol Foundation year Current leader State/UT
Aam Aadmi Party AAP Broom 2012 Arvind Kejriwal Delhi, Punjab
All India Anna Dravida
Munnetra Kazhagam
AIADMK Two leaves 1972 Edappadi K.Palanisamy Tamil Nadu, Puducherry
All India Forward Bloc AIFB Lion 1939 Debabrata Biswas West Bengal
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul
Muslimeen
AIMIM Kite 1927 Asaduddin Owaisi Telangana
All India N.R. Congress AINRC Jug 2011 N. Rangasamy Puducherry
All India United Democratic Front AIUDF Lock and key 2004 Badruddin Ajmal Assam
All Jharkhand Students Union AJSU Banana 1986 Sudesh Mahto Jharkhand
Asom Gana Parishad AGP Elephant 1985 Atul Bora Assam
Biju Janata Dal BJD Conch 1997 Naveen Patnaik Odisha
Bodoland People’s Front BPF Nagol 1985 Hagrama Mohilary Assam
Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam DMDK Nagara 2005 Vijayakanth Tamil Nadu
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK Rising sun 1949 M. Karunanidhi Tamil Nadu, Puducherry
Goa Forward Party GFP Coconut 2016 Vijai Sardesai Goa
Hill State People’s Democratic Party HSPDP Lion 1968 H.S. Lyngdoh Meghalaya
Indian National Lok Dal INLD Spectacles 1999 Om Prakash Chautala Haryana
Indian Union Muslim League IUML Ladder 1948 Panakkad Sayed Hyderali Shihab Thangal Kerala
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference JKNC Plough 1932 Omar Abdullah Jammu & Kashmir
Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party JKNPP Bicycle 1982 Bhim Singh Jammu & Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir People’s Democratic Party JKPDP Inkpot and pen 1998 Mehbooba Mufti Jammu & Kashmir
Janata Dal (Secular) JD(S) Lady farmer carrying paddy on her head 1999 H.D. Deve Gowda Karnataka, Kerala
Janata Dal (United) JD(U) Arrow 1999 Nitish Kumar Bihar
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha JMM Bow and arrow 1972 Shibu Soren Jharkhand
Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) JVM(P) Comb 2006 Babu Lal Marandi Jharkhand
Karnataka Janata Paksha KJP symbol not decided yet 2012 Padmanabha Prasanna Kumar Karnataka
Kerala Congress (M) KC(M) Two leaves 1979 C.F. Thomas Kerala
Lok Janshakti Party LJP Bunglow 2000 Ram Vilas Paswan Bihar
Maharashtra Navnirman Sena MNS Railway engine 2006 Raj Thackeray Maharashtra
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party MGP Lion 1963 Deepak Dhavalikar Goa
Mizo National Front MNF Star 1959 Pu Zoramthanga Mizoram
Mizoram People’s Conference MPC Electric Bulb 1972 Pu Lalhmingthanga Mizoram
Naga People’s Front NPF Rooster 2002 Neiphiu Rio Manipur, Nagaland
National People’s Party NPP Book 2013 Agatha Sangma Meghalaya, Manipur
Pattali Makkal Katchi PMK Mango 1989 G. K. Mani Puducherry
Peoples Democratic Alliance PDA Crown Bd. Behring Anal Manipur
People’s Party of Arunachal PPA Maize 1987 Tomo Riba Arunachal Pradesh
Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD Hurricane Lamp 1997 Lalu Prasad Yadav Bihar, Jharkhand
Rashtriya Lok Dal RLD Hand pump 1996 Ajit Singh Uttar Pradesh
Rashtriya Lok Samta Party RLSP Ceiling fan 2013 Upendra Kushwaha Bihar
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP Spade and stoker 1940 T. J. Chandrachoodan Kerala, West Bengal
Samajwadi Party SP Bicycle 1992 Akhilesh Yadav Uttar Pradesh
Shiromani Akali Dal SAD Scale 1920 Sukhbir Singh Badal Punjab
Shiv Sena SS Bow and arrow 1966 Uddhav Thackeray Maharashtra
Sikkim Democratic Front SDF Umbrella 1993 Pawan Kumar Chamling Sikkim
Sikkim Krantikari Morcha SKM Table lamp 2013 Prem Singh Tamang Sikkim
Telangana Rashtra Samithi TRS Car 2001 Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao Telangana, Andhra Pradesh
Telugu Desam Party TDP Bicycle 1982 N. Chandra Babu Naidu Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
United Democratic Party UDP Drum 1972 Donkupar Roy Meghalaya
YSR Congress Party YSRCP Ceiling fan 2011 Y.S.Jaganmohan Reddy Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
Karnataka Pragnyavanta Janatha Party[1 KPJP Auto Rickshaw 2017 Upendra Rao Karnataka
Zoram Nationalist Party ZNP Sun 1997 Lalduhawma Mizoram



shape Unregistered

Name Abbreivation Foundation year Current leader Head quaters/UT
Bhartiya Gramin Samaj Party BGSP 2015 Ravi Sharma Madhya Pradesh
Amra Bangali AMB 1983 Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar West Bengal
Bharatiya Minorities Suraksha Mahasangh BMSM 1994 Haji Mastan Mirza Maharashtra
Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh BRP-BMS 1999 Prakash Ambedkar Maharashtra
Hindustani Awam Morcha HAM 2015 Jitan Ram Manjhi Bihar
Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi IJK 2010 T.R. Pachamuthu Tamil Nadu
Indian Bold Citizen Party IBCP 2016 Anu Alex Kerala
Jai Samaikyandhra Party JSP 2014 Nallari Kiran Kumar Reddy Andhra Pradesh
Jan Adhikar Party Loktantrik JAP 2015 Pappu Yadav Bihar
Jana Sena Party JSP 2014 Pawan Kalyan Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
Jan Shakti Party of India JSPI 2015 Gurjeet Singh Azad Punjab
Kerala Congress (Jacob) KCJ 1991 Anoop Jacob Kerala
Kerala Congress (B) KCB 1989 R. Balakrishna Pillai Kerala
Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi KMDK 2013 E. R. Eswaran Tamil Nadu
Kongunadu Makkal Katchi KMK 2001 A.M. Raja Tamil Nadu
Namathu Kongu Munnetra Kalagam NKMK 2016 Kangayam Thangavel Tamil Nadu
Kisan Party of India KPI 2014 Dr MAHESH KUMAR Bihar
Lok Satta Party LSP 2006 Jayaprakash Narayan Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
Manipur Peoples Party MPP 1968 Sovakiran N. Manipur
Manithaneya Makkal Katchi MMK 2009 M. H. Jawahirullah Tamil Nadu
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam MDMK 1992 Vaiko Tamil Nadu
Namathu Kongu Munnetra Kalagam NKMK 2016 Kangayam Thangavel Tamil Nadu
Janta Dal JD 2017 V.K.Vivekanand Bihar, Jharkhand
Odisha Janmorcha OJM 2013 Pyarimohan Mohapatra Odisha
Param Digvijay Dal PDD 2014 Adhyatmik Neta Krishna Mohan Shankar Yogi Uttar Pradesh
Peace Party of India PPI 2008 Mohamed Ayub Uttar Pradesh
Puthiya Tamilagam PTK 1996 K. Krishnasamy Tamil Nadu
Rashtriya Samaj Paksha RSP 2003 Mahadev Jankar Maharashtra
Rashtriya Ulama Council RUC 2008 Aamir Rashadi Madni Uttar Pradesh
Rayalaseema Parirakshana Samithi RPS 2013 Byreddy Rajasekhar Reddy Andhra Pradesh
Social Democratic Party of India SDPI 2009 K.K.S.M.Dhehlan Baqavi Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu Kongu Ilaingar Peravai KIP 2001 U. Thaniyarasu Tamil Nadu
Tamil Maanila Congress TMC 1996 G. K. Vasan Tamil Nadu
Uttarakhand Kranti Dal UKD 1979 Kashi Singh Airy Uttarakhand
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi VCK 1972 Thol. Thirumavalavan Tamil Nadu
Welfare Party of India WPI 2011 Dr. SQR Ilyas Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, West Bengal, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra
Indhiya Makkal Kalvi Munnetra Kazhagam IMKMK 2007 T. Devanathan Yadav Tamil Nadu
Swaraj India Party SIP 2016 Yogendra Yadav Delhi
All Indian Public Freedom Party AIPFP 2016 V. Siva Kumar Tamil Nadu
Rashtriya Jankranti Party RAJPA 2013 LPS R. UPADHYAY Uttar Pradesh
Jan Adhikar Party JAP 2016 Babu Singh Kushwaha Uttar Pradesh
Hindu Sena 2011 Vishnu Gupta New Delhi
Gorkha National Liberation Front GNLF 1980 Subhash Ghisingh West Bengal
Gorkha Janmukti Morcha GJM 2007 Roshan Giri West Bengal
Revolutionary Communist Party of India RCPI 1934 Saumyendranath Tagore Assam
Akhil Bharatiya Gorkha League ABGL 1943 Bharati Tamang West Bengal
Praja Socialist Party PSP 1952 Kerala