GK - India - SPLessons

Indian Seaports

SPLessons 5 Steps, 3 Clicks
5 Steps - 3 Clicks

Indian Seaports

Indian Seaports

shape Introduction

Indian Seaport: A port is a maritime commercial facility which may comprise one or more wharves where ships may dock to load and discharge passengers and cargo. Although usually situated on a sea coast or estuary, some ports, such as Hamburg, Manchester and Duluth, are many miles inland, with access from the sea via river or canal.

shape Seaports

India has a coastline spanning 7516.6 kilometers, forming one of the biggest peninsulas in the world. According to the Ministry of Shipping, around 95 percent of India’s trading by volume and 70 percent by value is done through maritime transport. It is serviced by 12 major ports, 200 notified minor and intermediate ports.

Government of India (GoI) plans to modernist these ports and has approved a project called Sagarmala. The ports and shipping industry in India plays a vital role in sustaining growth in the country’s trade and commerce. The Indian Government has allowed Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) of up to 100 percent under the automatic route for port and harbour construction and maintenance projects. The government has also initiated National Maritime Development Programme (NMDP), an initiative to develop the maritime sector with a planned outlay of US$ 11.8 billion. Seaports-India has a federal structure monitored by Government, and according to its constitution, maritime transport is to be administered by both the Central and the State governments. All except Ennore Port are government administered, but private sector participation in ports has increased.

Below table contains the list of Major Indian Seaports.

State Location Seaports
Andhra Pradesh Vishakapatnam Vizag port
Andaman & Nicobar islands Port Blair Port Blair
Gujarat Gandhidham Kandla Port
Goa South Goa Mormugao Port
Karnataka Dakshina Kannada Panambur (or) New Mangalore Port
Kerala Cochin Cochin Port
Maharashtra Navi Mumbai Nhava Sheva (or) Jawaharlal Nehru Port
West Mumbai Mumbai Port
Odisha Jagatsinghpur Paradip Port
Tamil Nadu Chennai Madras Port
Tuticorin Tuticorin Port
West Bengal Kolkata Haldia Port