India has a coastline spanning 7516.6 kilometers
, forming one of the biggest peninsulas in the world. According to the Ministry of Shipping, around 95 percent of India’s trading by volume and 70 percent by value is done through maritime transport. It is serviced by 12 major ports, 200 notified minor and intermediate ports.
Government of India (GoI)
plans to modernist these ports and has approved a project called Sagarmala. The ports and shipping industry in India plays a vital role in sustaining growth in the country’s trade and commerce. The Indian Government has allowed Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)
of up to 100 percent under the automatic route for port and harbour construction and maintenance projects. The government has also initiated National Maritime Development Programme (NMDP)
, an initiative to develop the maritime sector with a planned outlay of US$ 11.8 billion. Seaports-India has a federal structure monitored by Government, and according to its constitution, maritime transport is to be administered by both the Central and the State governments. All except Ennore Port are government administered, but private sector participation in ports has increased.
Below table contains the list of Major Indian Seaports.
|Andaman & Nicobar islands
||Panambur (or) New Mangalore Port
||Nhava Sheva (or) Jawaharlal Nehru Port