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Indian Thermal Power Plants

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Indian Thermal Power Plants

shape Introduction

The article Indian Thermal Power Plants presents the complete list of Indian Power Plants with location, Operator, Capacity, and Primary Fuel details.

What is meant by Thermal Power Plant?

Thermal Power Plant (Power Station) is used to convert heat energy into electric energy.

A thermal power plant includes

  • fossil fuels

  • geothermal

  • solar

  • nuclear power plants

  • waste incineration (destruction of something) plants


Indian Thermal Power Plants – Working Principle:

The Rankine cycle is a model used to predict the performance of steam turbine systems. The working principle of the Thermal Power Plant is the Rankine Cycle.

Thermal Power Plant Important Components Schematic Representation:


Schematic Representation Thermal Power Plant working :


Indian Thermal Power Plants – Advantages:

  • Coal thermal power plant provides the cheapest electricity worldwide.

  • Coal/lignite/peat is readily available all over the world.

  • The technology for thermal power plant is easily accessible and well established not like other sources like nuclear, solar thermal, Geothermal etc.

  • Requires less land per Megawatt with respect to Hydro, Solar, Wind etc.

  • Easy and simple to maintain and operate.


Indian Thermal Power Plants – Disadvantages:

  • Needs large amount of Coal and Water.

  • A Power plant of 3000 MW typically requires 35,000 to 45,000 tonnes of coal.

  • It is the prime contributor to C\({O}_{2}\) emissions all over the world.

  • Nearly 20% to 30% of coal is rejected as Ash, which is a waste and needs to be dumped.

  • Some liquid effluents are also discharged as the by product of water/chemical treatment and runoff of various oil/chemicals.


shape Types

Singrauli Super Thermal Power Plant:

  • Location: Shaktinagar

  • District: Sonebhadra

  • State: Uttar Pradesh

  • Region: Northern

  • Sector: Central

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Capacity: 2000 MW

  • Year: 1997

  • Speacility: First power plant of NTPC

  • Operator: NTPC Limited

  • The power plant is the first power plant of NTPC.

  • It sources coal from Jayant and Bina mines and water from Rihand Reservoir.


NTPC Ramagundam:

  • Location: Ramagundam

  • District Peddapalli

  • State: Telangana

  • Region: Southern

  • Speacility: current largest power station in South India

  • Operator: NTPC Limited

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Capacity: 2600 MW


National Capital Power Station:

  • Location: Vidyut Nagar

  • District Gautam budh nagar

  • State: Uttar Pradesh

  • Speacility: It has a huge coal-fired thermal power plant and a gas-fired plant and has a small township located in Uttar Pradesh

  • Operator: NTPC Limited

  • Primary Fuel: Coal and Gas

  • Capacity: 1820 MW


Talcher Thermal Power station:

  • Location: Talcher

  • District Angul

  • State: Odisha


  • Speacility: This power plant has been ranked among the best power plants in the country.

  • Operator: NTPC Limited

  • On 23 November 2016, TTPS achieved the highest ever power generation among all the power plants in the country in a single day at 104.13%.


  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Capacity: 460 MW


Korba Super Thermal Power Plant:

  • Location: Jamnipali

  • District Korba

  • State: Chhattisgarh

  • Speacility: The coal for the power plant is sourced from Kusmunda and Gevra Mines.

  • Operator: NTPC Limited

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Capacity: 2600 MW


The Vindhyachal Thermal Power Station:

  • Location: ‎Singrauli

  • District ‎Singrauli

  • State: Madhya Pradesh

  • Speacility: One of the coal-fired power stations of NTPC, it is the largest power station in India, with an installed capacity of 4760 MW.

  • Operator: NTPC Limited

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Region: Western

  • Capacity: 4760 MW


Farakka Super Thermal Power Plant:

  • Location: Nabarun

  • District ‎Murshidabad

  • State: West Bengal

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Region: Eastern

  • Sector: Central

  • Operator: NTPC Limited

  • Capacity: 2100 MW


Mundra Thermal Power Station:

  • Location: Mundra

  • District ‎Kutch

  • State: Gujarat

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Region: Western

  • Sector: Private

  • Capacity: 4620 MW


Sipat Super Thermal Power Station or Rajiv Gandhi Super Thermal Power Station:

  • Location: Sipat

  • District Bilaspur district

  • State: Chhattisgarh

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Operator: NTPC Limited

  • Capacity: 2980 MW


Rihand Super Thermal Power Project:

  • Location: Renukut, Sonebhadra

  • District Sonebhadra

  • State: Uttar Pradesh

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Operator: NTPC Limited

  • Capacity: 3000 MW


Vedanta Jharsuguda Power Station:

  • Location: Jharsuguda

  • District Jharsuguda

  • State: Odisha

  • Operator: Vedanta Resources

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Region: Eastern

  • Sector: Private

  • Capacity: 1215 MW


Tiroda Thermal Power Station:

  • Location: Tirora

  • District Gondia

  • State: Maharashtra

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Operator: Adani Power

  • Region: Western

  • Sector: Private

  • Capacity: 3300 MW


Anpara Thermal Power Station :

  • Location: Anpara

  • District: Sonbhadra

  • State: Uttar Pradesh

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Region: Northern

  • Operator: Uttar Pradesh Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam

  • Sector: State

  • Capacity: 3830 MW


Barauni Thermal Power Station :

  • District Begusarai

  • State: Bihar

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Operator: NTPC Limited

  • Capacity: 220 MW


Bellary Thermal Power station:

  • Location: Kudatini

  • District: Bellary

  • State: Karnataka

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Operator: Karnataka Power Corporation

  • Region: Southern

  • Sector: State

  • Capacity: 500 MW


Durgapur Steel Thermal Power Station:

  • Location: Durgapur

  • District: Bardhaman

  • State: West Bengal

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Operator: Damodar Valley

  • Capacity: 1000 MW


Sikka Thermal Power Station:

  • Location: Jamnagar

  • District Jamnagar

  • State: Gujarat

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Operator: Gujarat State Electricity Corporation Limited

  • Capacity: 240 MW


Satpura Thermal Power Plant:

  • Location: Sarni

  • District: Betul

  • State: Madhya Pradesh

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Operator: Madhya Pradesh Power Generation Company Limited

  • Capacity: 1330 MW


Wanakbori Thermal Power Plant:

  • Location: Wanakbori

  • District: Kheda

  • State: Gujarat

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Operator: Gujarat State Electricity Corporation Limited

  • Capacity: 1470 MW


Obra Thermal Power Project:

  • District: Sonbhadra

  • State: Gujarat

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Region: Northern

  • Sector: State

  • Operator: Uttar Pradesh Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam

  • Capacity: 1322 MW


Udupi Power Plant:

  • Location: ‎Padubidri‎

  • District: Udupi

  • State: Karnataka

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Region: Southern

  • Operator: Adani Power

  • Capacity: 1200 MW


Simhadri Super Thermal Power Plant:

  • Location: Visakhapatnam

  • District: Visakhapatnam

  • State: Andhra Pradesh

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Operator: NTPC Limited

  • Capacity: 2000 MW


Chhabra Thermal Power Plant:

  • Location: Tehsil Chhabra

  • District: Rajasthan

  • State: Andhra Pradesh

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Operator: Rajasthan Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam

  • Capacity: 500 MW


Bokaro Thermal Power Station B (BTPS -B):

  • Location: Bokaro

  • District: Bokaro

  • State: Jharkhand

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Operator: Damodar Valley Corporation

  • Capacity: 630 MW


Sanjay Gandhi Thermal Power Plant:

  • Location: ‎Birsinghpur

  • District: Umaria‎

  • State: Madhya Pradesh

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Operator: Madhya Pradesh Power Generation Company Limited

  • Capacity: 1340 MW


Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station:

  • Location: ‎Chandrapur

  • District: Chandrapur

  • State: Maharashtra

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Capacity: 3340.00 MW


The NSPCL Bhilai Power Plant:

  • Location: ‎Bhilai

  • District: Durg

  • State: Chhattisgarh

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Region: Western

  • Sector: Central

  • Operator: NTPC Limited, Steel Authority of India

  • Capacity: 500 MW


The Mettur Thermal Power Station:

  • District: Salem

  • State: Tamil Nadu

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Operator: TNEB Limited

  • Capacity: 1440 MW


Patrata Thermal Power Station:

  • Location: Patratu

  • District: Ramgarh

  • State: Jharkhand

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Capacity: 770 MW


Rosa Power Plant:

  • Location: ‎Rosa

  • District: Shahjahanpur

  • State: Uttar Pradesh

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Operator: Reliance Power

  • Capacity: 1200 MW


Shree Singaji Super Thermal Power Project:

  • Location: ‎Dongaliya

  • District: Khandwa

  • State: Madhya Pradesh

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Operator: Madhya Pradesh Power Generation Company Limited

  • Capacity: 2520 MW


Ukai Thermal Power Station:

  • Location: ‎Ukai

  • District: Tapi

  • Operator: Gujarat State Electricity Corporation Limited

  • State: Gujarat

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Capacity: 850 MW


Kaparkheda Thermal Power Station:

  • District: Nagpur

  • State: Maharashtra

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Operator: Mahagenco

  • Capacity: 1340 MW


Gandhinagar Thermal Power Station:

  • Location: ‎ ‎Gandhinagar

  • District: Gandhinagar

  • State: Gujarat

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Capacity: 870 MW


Amarkantak Thermal Power Plant:

  • Location: Chachai

  • District: Anuppur

  • State: Madhya Pradesh

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Operator: Madhya Pradesh Power Generation Company Limited

  • Capacity: 450 MW


Rattan India Amravati Thermal Power Project:

  • Location: Nandgaonpeth

  • District: Amravati

  • State: Maharashtra

  • Region: Western

  • Operator: India bulls

  • Primary Fuel: Coal

  • Capacity: 2700 MW


The Ennore Thermal Power Station:

  • Location: ‎Ennore

  • District: Chennai

  • State: Tamil Nadu

  • Primary Fuel: Bituminous coal

  • Operator: TNEB Limited

  • Capacity: 450 MW


Feroze Gandhi Unchahar Thermal Power Plant:

  • Location: Unchahar

  • District: Raebareli

  • State: Uttar Pradesh

  • Primary Fuel: coal

  • Operator: NTPC Limited

  • Capacity: 1050 MW


National Capital Thermal Power Plant:

  • District: ‎Gautam Budh Nagar

  • State: Uttar Pradesh

  • Primary Fuel: coal

  • Operator: NTPC Limited

  • Capacity: 1820 MW


Hirakud Power Plant:

  • Location: Hirakud

  • District: Sambalpur

  • State: Hirakud

  • Primary Fuel: coal

  • Capacity: 467.5 MW


Kota Thermal Power Plant:

  • Location: Kota

  • District: Kota

  • State: Rajasthan

  • Primary Fuel: coal

  • Capacity: 1240 MW


Kalisindh Thermal Power Station:

  • Location: Jhalawar

  • District: Jhalawar

  • State: Rajasthan

  • Primary Fuel: coal