Use of chulhas: The study revealed that most rural households who have taken LPG connections still use chulhas with dung cakes or firewood.
Use of Solid fuel: Around 85 percent of the PMUY beneficiaries in rural India (in the four states surveyed) were using the solid fuels even after the implementation of the scheme because of financial reasons and reasons of gender inequalities.
Increase in LPG ownership: In all the four states, there was a substantial increase in LPG ownership.
Cost of refill: Since almost 70 percent of rural households do not have to spend upon the solid fuels, the relative cost of refilling an LPG cylinder is far higher. The cost is higher even if the same is subsidized.
Gender inequalities: In rural India, women are not economic decision-makers in the household, which was a major hindrance in the shift to LPG usage.
Both these facts symbolized the ignorance of the households towards the ambient air pollution. This pollution is harmful to those who are cooking and not cooking the food.
Besides many issues emerging in the policy implementation, the WHO has acknowledged PMUY as a decisive intervention of the Indian Government to address the issue of indoor air pollution. Therefore, there is hope to achieve much more soon.
|Short Form||Full Form|
|PMUY||Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojna|
|LPG||Liquified Petroleum Gas|
|BPL||Below Poverty Line|
|WHO||World Health Organization|
|OMVC||Oil Marketing Companies|
|EMI||Easy Monthly Installment|
|RICE||Research Institute for Compassionate Economics|