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State Policy Direct Principles

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State Policy Direct Principles

shape Introduction

The Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) (or) State Policy Direct Principles are the guidelines or principles given to the federal institutes governing the state of India, to be kept in citation while framing laws and policies. These provisions, contained in Part IV (Article 36-51) of the Constitution of India, are not enforceable by any court, but the principles laid down therein are considered irrefutable in the governance of the country, making it the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws to establish a just society in the country. The principles have been inspired by the Directive Principles given in the Constitution of Ireland relate to social justice, economic welfare, foreign policy, and legal and administrative matters.

shape DPSP

State Policy Direct Principles – DPSP:

  • Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) (or) State Policy Direct Principles have been mentioned in Part-4 and cover articles from 36-51 of the Constitution of India.

  • Called as Novel Features of the Constitution.

  • Inspired by the Irish constitution.

  • Similar to the Instruments of Instructions mentioned in the Government of India Act, 1935.

  • Together with fundamental rights, they are termed as the conscience of the constitution.

  • Directive Principles of State Policy denotes the ideals that the State should keep in mind while formulating policies and enacting laws. These are the constitutional instructions or recommendations to the State in legislative, executive and administrative matters.

  • The DPSPs constitute a very comprehensive economic, social and political programme for a modern democratic State. They aim at realizing the high ideals of justice, liberty, equality and fraternity as Outlined in the Preamble to the Constitution. They embody the concept of a ‘welfare state’.

  • The Directive Principles are non-justiciable in nature, that is, they are not legally enforceable by the courts for their violation. Therefore, the government (Central, state and local) cannot be compelled to implement them. Nevertheless, the Constitution (Article 37) itself says that these principles are fundamental in the governance of the country and it shall be the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws.

State Policy Direct Principles – Some Important Articles in DPSPs are :

  • To promote the welfare of the people by securing a social order permeated by justice— social, economic and political—and to minimize inequalities in income, status, facilities, and opportunities (Article 38).

  • To secure (a) the right to adequate means of livelihood for all citizens; (b) the equitable distribution of material resources of the community for the common good; (c) prevention of concentration of wealth and means of production; (d) equal pay for equal work for men and women; (e) preservation of the health and strength of workers and children against forcible abuse; and (f) opportunities for healthy development of children (Article 39).

  • To promote equal justice and to provide free legal aid to the poor (Article 39 A). This was added by 42nd constitutional amendment act, 1976.

  • To secure the right to work, to education and to public assistance in cases of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement (Article 41).

  • To make provision for just and humane conditions for work and maternity relief (Article 42).

  • To take steps to secure the participation of workers in the management of industries (Article 43 A). Also, added by 42nd constitutional amendment act, 1976.

  • To organize village panchayats and endow them with necessary powers and authority to enable them to function as units of self-government (Article 40).

  • To promote cottage industries on an individual or co-operation basis in rural areas (Article 43).

  • To prohibit the consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs which are injurious to health (Article 47).

  • To prohibit the slaughter of cows, calves and other milch and drought cattle and to improve their breeds (Article 48).

  • To secure for all citizens a uniform civil code throughout the country (Article 44).

  • To provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years (Article 45). Also, amended by 86th constitutional amendment act, 2002.

  • To separate the judiciary from the executive in the public services of the State (Article 50).

  • To promote international peace and security and maintain just and honorable relations between nations; to foster respect for international law and treaty obligations, and to encourage settlement of international disputes by arbitration (Article 51).

  • The 86th Amendment Act of 2002 changed the subject-matter of Article 45 and made elementary education a fundamental right under Article 21A. The amended directive requires the State to provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years.

  • The 97th Amendment Act of 2011 added a new Directive Principle relating to co-operative societies. It requires the state to promote voluntary formation, autonomous functioning, democratic control and professional management of co-operative societies (Article 43B).

  • The DPSPs are instructions to the State.

shape Quiz

1. The Directive Principles of State Policy are mentioned in?

    A. Part V
    B. Part IV
    C . Part VI
    D . Part VII

Answer: Option B

2. How many Directive Principles of State Policy were added by the 42nd Amendment?

    A. 4

    B. 7
    C . 2
    D . 6

Answer: Option A

3. The Directive Principles of State Policy can be classified into how many categories?

    A. 5
    B. 3
    C . 6
    D . 7

Answer: Option B

4. The Directive Principles of State Policy promote the?

    A. Welfare of the Community
    B. Welfare of the Individual
    C . Both A & B
    D . None of these

Answer: Option A

5. Dr BR Ambedkar described “Directive Principles of State Policy” as the ______?

    A. Soul of the Constitution
    B. Basic Feature
    C . Liberal Feature
    D . Novel Features

Answer: Option D

6. Which amendment provided Supremacy of parliament and gave primacy to directive principles over fundamental rights ?

    A. 42nd Amendment
    B. 44th Amendment
    C . 61st Amendment
    D . 63rd Amendment

Answer: Option A

7. Which directive principle of state policy is related with the organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry?

    A. Article 44
    B. Article 51
    C . Article 48
    D . Article 42

Answer: Option C

8. The Concept of “Directive Principles of State Policy” incorporated In the Constitution of India was borrowed from the Constitution of?

    A. Australia
    B. U.S.A.
    C . Canada
    D . Ireland

Answer: Option D

9. The idea of ‘Directive Principles of State Policy’ was borrowed by the framers of the Indian Constitution from the Constitution of?

    A. South Africa
    B. the Republic of Germany
    C . the Republic of Ireland
    D . Canada

Answer: Option C

10. Which Article of the Indian Constitution stipulates that Directive Principles of State Policy shall not be enforceable by any Court?

    A. Article 31
    B. Article 38
    C . Article 37
    D . Article 39

Answer: Option C