The figure below shall reveal a timeline of how UAPA evolved over the years in India.
The above figure shows a timeline with details following:
- In 1962, the Government of India imposed an Emergency because of Chinese aggression.
- In the meantime, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhgam, a Tamil Nadu based party launched a movement for self-determination.
- To stop such anti-national activities, the Indian Government introduced the UAPA bill which became an Act in December 1967. With this, the National Integration council appointed a Committee. The committee would look into the aspects of reasonable restrictions in the interest of integrity and sovereignty of the country.
- In May 1985, another Act was passed to control terrorism in Punjab. This act was called the Terrorist and Disruptive Activities Act (TADA). However, this act had several weaknesses and so was later abolished in 1995.
- In December 2002, the Union Parliament passed the Prevention of Terrorism Act (POTA) to stop terrorism.
- POTA was being misused by people in power, and the act was abolished in 2004.
- At the same time in 2004, the UAPA was amended to deal with unlawful and terrorist activities and to prevent any misuse. Through this amendment, most of the provisions of POTA were incorporated.