English Knowledge - SPLessons

Deriving Conclusion from Passages

Chapter 10

SPLessons 5 Steps, 3 Clicks
5 Steps - 3 Clicks

Deriving Conclusion from Passages

Deriving Conclusion from Passages

shape Description

In deriving conclusion from passages, the questions comprises of a brief passage followed by specific deductions based on it. The candidate is required to analyse the passage and handle the desirable facts from it. At that point, the candidate needs to consider every derivation in context of the given passage, settle on its level of truth or falsity and then pick the best option provided accordingly.

shape Concept

Deriving conclusions from passages means using information that is implied or inferred to make meaning out of what is not clearly stated.
In order to effectively derive conclusions,

  • Consider what they already known from their own experiences
  • Gather all the information that the author has given them (characters’ personalities, feelings and motivations, the time period and place, conflicts etc.)

shape Model Questions

1. A passage followed by some questions is given. Each question consists of three statements (A), (B) and (C). In the context of Passage, select which of the statements is/are true. (S.B.I. P.O. 1995)
” In the Pandit’s complaint he asks why entries could not be made in the savings bank pass book on the strength of the counterfoil of the pay in slip. This would save the customer from waiting until the actual voucher passed through various desks/books. the use of the voucher is, in fact the correct procedure. the delay experienced by Mr. Pandit on that day could have been avoided. On our instructions the branch manager concerned has met the complaint and explained the matter . He has also emphasised the great risk to the customer and the bank if entries are made on the basis of the counterfoils.”
I. (A) The writer of this paragraph is another dissatisfied customer.
(B) The paragraph emphasises that counterfoils should not be used instead of vouchers.
(C) Use of counterfoils alone may not lead to any risk.
Options: –
a) only A
b) Only B
c) Only C
d) Only A and B
e) Only B and C

II. (A) In the following the correct procedure, unreasonable delays are always inevitable.
(B) Mr. Pandit’s complaint was based on full knowledge of the banking procedure.
(C) Mr. Pandit’s suggestion was appreciated by bank authorities.
Options: –
a) only A
b) only B
c) only C
d) A and B
e) none is true

III. (A) The Delay experienced by Mr. Pandit was caused by some temparary problem.
(B) The entries relatig to Mr. Pandit’s case were not done according to proper procedure.
(C) Mr. Pandit was already aware of the proper procedure.
Options: –
a) only A
b) only B
c) only C
d) A and B
Solution: I. Only Statement B is true.
Hence, option (b) is the right answer.
II. Both the statements A and B are true.
Hence, option (d) is the right answer.
III. Only statement C is true.
Hence, option (c) is the right answer.

2. A passage followed by some questions is given. Each question consists of three statements (A), (B) and (C). In the context of Passage, select which of the statements is/are true. (S.B.I. P.O. 1995)
There are two ways of avoiding fear-one is by persuading ourselves that we are immune from disaster, and the other is by the practice of sheer courage. The latter is difficult, and to everybody becomes impossibe at a certain point . The former has ,therefore, always been more popular. Primitive magic has the purpose of sucuring safty, either by injuring enemies, or by protecting onself by talismans, spells or incantations. Without any essential change, belief in such ways of avoiding danger survived throught the many centuries of Babylonian civilization, spread from Babylon throughout the empire of Alexander, and was acquired by the Romans in the course of their absorption of Hellenistic culture. From the Romans it descended to medieval Christendom and Islam. Science has low lessened the belief in magic, but many people place more faith in mascots than they are willing to a vow, and sorcery, while condemned by the Church, is still officially a possible sin.
I. (A) superstitious beliefs can help man avoid fear.
(B) the medieval civilisations were also characterised by superstitious beliefs.
(C) Avoiding fear is difficult for a common man
Options: –
a) only A
b) only B
c) only C
d) only A and b
e) only A and C

II. (A) The ancient method of avoiding fear has survived the test of time.
(B) Belief in charms and amulets was a salient feature of ancient civilisations.
(C) Science has eradicated man’s belief in magic altogether
Options: –
a) A and B
b) B and C
c) A and C
d) A, B and C
e) none is true
Solution: I. Only statement B is true.
Hence, option (b) is the right option.
II. Both the statements A and B are true.
Hence, option (a) is the right answer.

3. A passage followed by some questions is given. Each question consists of three statements (A), (B) and (C). In the context of Passage, select which of the statements is/are true. (Bank P.O. 1995)
Thomas Steels, an existing profit-making company enters the capital market with a public issue of 80 lakh shares of Rs. 10/- each on 1st December. The company is engaged in ship breaking at ports in Vishakhapatnam and Madras. It operates a steel-rolling mill in Vishakhapatnam which utilises the scrap from ships . The company is expanding its ship-breaking capacity. Its entitlement to break foreign ships just been extended to cover Indian flagships.
I. (A) Thomas Steels had so far not entered the capital market because of its profit making status.
(B) Thomas Steels had so far not entered the capital market because it had no expansion plans.
(C) Thomas Steels expects to get Indian ships also for ship-breaking.
Options: –
a) only A and B
b) only B and C
c) only A and C
d) A, B and C

II. (A) The public ca purchase shares from Thomas steels before 1st December.
(B) Thomas steels is expected to start making profits after the expansion programme is carried out
(C) Thomas steels gets scrap from other companies for its steel-rolling mills.
Options: –
a) only A
b) only B
c) only C
d) A and B
e) none is true

III. (A) Thomas steels so far could not break Indian flagships
(B) The Vishakhapatnam plant of the company will not be allowed to utilise scrap from foreign ships
(C) The company needs money for its expansion activities
Options: –
a) only A
b) only B
c) only C
d) only A and B
e) only B and C
Solution: I. Both the statements A and C are true.
Hence, option (c) is the right answer.
II. Both the statements A and B are true.
Hence, option (d) is the right answer.
III. Only statement A is true.
Hence, option (a) is the right answer.

4. A passage followed by some questions is given. Each question consists of three statements (A), (B) and (C). In the context of Passage, select which of the statements is/are true. (Bank P.O. 1995)
The newly introduced non-stop city buses are a good new service, though they are really useful only during the morning and evening rush hours. During most of the day these buses carry few passengers. I request the State Transport Corporation to run these buses as limited-stop services during the non-rush periods of the day.
I. (A) The non-stop buses are small ones that carry only a limited number of passengers.
(B) Non-stop buses are now available at all times.
(C) The Competent authority to govern these buses is the State Transport Corporation.
Options: –
a) only A
b) only B
c) only C
d) only A and B
e) only B and C

II. (A) The writer says that when there is no rush, limited-stop buses will be more useful.
(B) The writer wants all the non-stop buses to be changed to limited-stop buses to be changed to limited-stop buses.
(C) There are not many commuters except during the morning and the evening.
Options: –
a) Only A and B
b) Only A and C
c) A, B and C
d) None is true
e) Only A
Solution: I. Both the statements B and C are true.
Hence, option (e) is the right option.
II. Both the statements A and C are true.
Hence, option (b) is the right option.

5. A passage followed by some questions is given. Each question consists of three statements (A) and (B). In the context of Passage, select which of the statements is/are true. (Bank P.O. 1995)
As any economist knows, healthy people pose less of an economic burden to society than unhealthy people. Not surprisingly, then, every dollar our state government spends on prenatal care for undocumented immigrants will save taxpayers of this state three dollars.
I. (A) The state’s taxpayers pay for prenatal care of all ………..immigrants.
(B) Pregnant women who do not receive prenatal care are ………..more likely to experience health problems than ………..other pregnant women.
Options: –
a) Both and B
b) Only A
c) Only B
d) None is true
Solution: I. Only statement B is true.
Hence, option (b) is the right answer.