Descriptive Test - SPLessons

National Register of Citizens of India | NRC

SPLessons 5 Steps, 3 Clicks
5 Steps - 3 Clicks

National Register of Citizens of India | NRC

shape Introduction

What is NRC?

  • NRC means the National Register of Citizens. National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a register issued by the government of India includes names and other important information for the verification of all real Indians.

  • The register was originally planned after the Census of 1951, India and has not been revised till lately, since that day.

  • Currently (2019), only Assam seems to have this register.

  • The instruction can also be carried out in other states. Nagaland has however designed a corresponding register called the Register of Indigenous Inhabitants.





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National Register of Citizens – NRC Assam:
One of the fundamental requirements in Assam was that the names of the families of the candidate have either been approved by the first NRC in 1951 or by the electoral registration until 24 March 1971.


  • The register of nationals recognizes illegal migrants in the country adjoining Bangladesh.

  • Also, candidates have been able to submit documents such as refugee registration certificate, birth certificate, LIC policy, land and tenancy records, citizenship certificate, passport, government license or certificate, bank/post office accounts, permanent residence certificate, government employment certificate, educational certificate.

  • An ordain was issued by the Supreme Court of India in 2013 when the procedure of modifying the state aspect of NRC in Assam began.

  • From then on, it has constantly been supervised by the Supreme Court bench of Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi and Rohinton Fali Nariman.

  • On 31 August 2019, the concluding revised NRC was issued, with more than 1.9 million candidates not on the list.


shape NRC

Although the NRC aims to recognize the so-called illegal migrants and probably deport them, the procedure and its consequences have become problematic in the latest years.

  • Every individual listed in the Census of 1951 in Assam is said to have been recorded by the 1951 NRC.

  • A final list of the NRC in Assam emerges after 14 years of a Central Government conference with Assam government and Assam Students Union (AASU), headed by the then PM

  • Manmohan Singh where there was an agreement that the NRC should be amended to recognize the undertaking made in Assam Accord of 1985.

  • When the NRC’s second draft was issued on 30 June 2019, a big conflict arose, with approximately 40 lakh individuals removed from the NRC in Assam.

  • In the prior decades, requests have been made to amend the NRC in Assam.

  • These requirements arise from the fact that the locals constantly felt upset about cross-border illegal migration, particularly from Bangladesh.

  • A key request, for which the All Assam Students Union (AASU) began a six-year the campaign finished with the Assam Accord signed in 1985, was the identification, imprisonment, and deportation of such immigrants.

On 31 August 2019, the final NRC Assam list was published.

  • The Assam National Register of Citizens (NRC) was publically released on Saturday and has the personal position of all 3.30 crore applicants.

  • All people who participated in Assam NRC which aimed at eliminating illegal immigrants off of Assam state now can find out their position on NRC's official website. It includes those in the NRC list with a legal ARN number that can check the website for their latest position at http://www.nrcassam.nic.in/.

  • The list released on Saturday comprises of the names of people recognized as citizens, prohibited and pending proceedings.

  • The final list of the NRC published by the Government on 31 August prohibited more than 19 lakh individuals in Assam, with over 3.11 crore individuals included.

  • The excluded persons can, under the directives of the central government, assess one of the 400 tribunals of foreigners within 120 days of the final list, toward their elimination.

  • The foreigner’s tribunal will also award certificates and clarify why the prohibited individuals have not been included in the NRC final list.

  • Only the tribunals can designate an individual as a foreigner. Consequently, the failure to include one’s name in the NRC’s final list does not mean that he or she is considered a foreigner.

  • By the time the NRC’s final report was issued, the Centre has removed 10,000 paramilitary troops engaged in Assam. This declaration has been made since the NRC was released on 31 August which justifies real north-east Indian citizens, because there has been no conflict in Assam, as said by the authorities.


Today there is a sense of frustration among individuals that somehow foreigners are included in the list, while real native people are excluded.

  • Barak Valley in Assam includes 3 districts in which people speak mainly Bengali: Cachar, Karimganj, and Hailakadi in southern Assam. Bengali speaking people have generally been valley residents.

  • Except for Hailakadi, Cachar and Karimganj districts have a boundary with Bangladesh.

  • The Hindus, in the valley, have a small majority and Islam is the people’s next main religion. In the NRC final lists, the two districts with greater inclusions are Karimganj and Hailakandi.

  • The Karimganj  and Hailakandi inclusions are 92.33% and 91.96%  respectively.

  • The elimination in Cachar is highest among the three districts.

  • The Barak valley individuals have the least impact of the NRC.

  • Most families are afraid that they will be detached from their loved ones, particularly those who cannot enter the final list. They are worried that they will imprison their dear ones in detention camps designed to accommodate the foreigners in Assam.

  • Mohammad Sanaullah was an honored Indian army soldier. In June, after he was recognized foreigner, he spent 11 days in prison, which caused domestic anger.

  • Also, important numbers of Bengali-speaking Hindus were omitted of the citizenship list, highlighting regional and religious tensions in the State.



Author: Vanshika
Published: September 19, 2019


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