English Knowledge - SPLessons

Passage Correction

Chapter 16

SPLessons 5 Steps, 3 Clicks
5 Steps - 3 Clicks

Passage Correction

Passage Correction

shape Description

Passage correction is very similar to the sentence correction, the only difference being that here a short passage is given in which certain words or phrases are italicised and are required to be improved by substituting them with one of the choices provided.

shape Concept

Passage correction contains a passage with words or groups of words printed in italics, each of which was been numbered. Each of these numbers are followed by four words or group of words. The candidate is required to choose the best word or group of words that suits the italic words. If the word or group of words is correct as it is and no correction is required, provide ‘No correction required’ as the answer.

The candidates should pick the most ideal approach to right mistakes highlighted in the given passage. They are tested on their knowledge of punctuation, spelling, syntax, symmetry, vocabulary, prepositions, and verb tense usage.

shape Model Questions

1. Words/groups of words printed in italics, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, four words/group of words are provided which can substitute the word in printed italics. Select the choice which can correctly substitute that word. Read the passage below. Then answer questions about errors in the passage.
My name is 1) Jack I am a firefighter. 2) I live in 128 Pine Lane, in Jackson, Mississippi. 3) I have two childs. One is a girl named Clair. 4) The other 5) is boy named Thatcher. 6) His name after my father. I also have a wife named Jenna. She is 7) beutiful. She has long, dark, soft hair. 8) We also got a dog named Buck. He is very obedient but sometimes he barks at night and it upsets our neighbours!
1)
A. Jay. Hammond I am
B. Jay Hammond. I am
C. Jay Hammond I’m
D. Jay Hammond, I am
2)
A. on 128 Pine Lane, on
B. in 128 Pine Lane, on
C. at 128 Pine Lane, in
D. in 128 Pine, Lane in
3)
A. two child
B. two children
C. two childrens
D. Correct as is
4)
A. Other
B. Another
C. The another
D. Correct as is
5)
A. is boy name
B. is boy of name
C. is a boy named
D. is a boy who name
6)
A. He is named after
B. He has name from
C. His name is same
D. He is same named
7)
A. butiful
B. beautyful
C. beautiful
D. beautifull
8)
A. got dog named Buck.
B. got a dog name Buck.
C. got dog name of Buck.
D. have a dog named Buck.
Solution:1. B
2. C
3. B
4. D
5. C
6. A
7. C
8. D

2. Words/groups of words printed in italics, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, four words/group of words are provided which can substitute the word in printed italics. Select the choice which can correctly substitute that word. Read the passage below. Then answer questions about errors in the passage.
1) This morning, I were making toast for 2) brekfast. Then I went to the basement 3) put some clothes in the washer. I heard the smoke alarm. 4) I think, “Someone is burning 5) something I put the soap in the washer. When I got 6) up to stairs, everybody was running outdoors. Two fire trucks and a police car were outside of my house. Smoke was coming out of my apartment! My kids 7) standing outside. They were 8) weering their pajamas. My kids! Oh no! My toast!
1)
A. are
B. is
C. was
D. Correct as is
2)
A. brakfast
B. breckfast
C. breakfast
D. breackfast
3)
A. to put
B. for put
C. to puts
D. for putting
4)
A. Thinked
B. I thinked
C. I thought
D. I am thought
5)
A. something! I
B. something!” I
C. something”! I
D. something”? I
6)
A. upstairs
B. to upstairs
C. the upstairs
D. Correct as is
7)
A. was standing
B. are standing
C. were stand
D. were standing
8)
A. waring
B. wareing
C. wearing
D. Correct as is
Solution:1. C
2. C
3. A
4. C
5. B
6. A
7. D
8. C

3. Words/groups of words printed in italics, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, four words/group of words are provided which can substitute the word in printed italics. Select the choice which can correctly substitute that word. Read the passage below. Then answer questions about errors in the passage.
Almost two 1) thousands of years after being 2) baried by falling ash from a two-day volcanic eruption, Pompeii reveals fascinating details about 3) day to day life in the Roman Empire. 4) Pompeii’s population roughly 20,000 inhabitants practiced several religions. This is evidenced by temples dedicated to the Egyptian goddess Isis, as well as the 5) presense of Jews and worshipers of Cybele (called the “Great Mother” by her followers). Pompeii’s citizens practiced all of these religions in apparent peaceful coexistence with followers of the state religion, 6) but worshipped Jupiter and the Roman 7) emperor they led astonishingly long lives, assisted by doctors and dentists, and 8) were very well educated.
1)
A. centuries
B. decades
C. millennia
D. lifetimes
E. Correct as is
2)
A. buryed
B. baryed
C. buried
D. buryied
E. beried
3)
A. day-to-day life
B. day today life
C. daily life
D. Correct as is
E. Both A and C are correct
4)
A. Pompeii’s population, roughly 20,000 inhabitants
B. Pompeii’s population roughly 20,000 inhabitants,
C. Pompeii’s population, roughly 20,000 inhabitants,
D. Correct as is
5)
A. present
B. presents
C. presence
D. precence
E. Correct as is
6)
A. which
B. what
C. and
D. who
E. so
7)
A. emperor. They
B. emperor; they
C. emperor – they
D. emperor, they
E. Correct as is
8)
A. were really well
B. to our surprise, well
C. to everyone’s surprise, well
D. were super
E. Correct as is
Solution:1. C
2. C
3. E
4. C
5. C
6. D
7. A
8. E

4. Words/groups of words printed in italics, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, four words/group of words are provided which can substitute the word in printed italics. Select the choice which can correctly substitute that word. Read the passage below. Then answer questions about errors in the passage.
Urban planners in 16th century Shibam, Yemen created a walled city, now dubbed 1) Manhattan of the desert Their city 2) is composed of 500 buildings, ranging from five to eight stories in 3) height. Structures erected by wealthy families during the Middle Ages in 4) Ireland Scotland France Spain and Greece also reached heights of several stories. These buildings are thought 5) to be constructed upwards in order to 6) run off marauders. Today’s urban planners anticipate a 7) mile-high-skyscraper to be constructed in the near future. A British engineering company is reportedly in the process 8) to design such an immense tower now.
1)
A. “Manhattan of the desert”.
B. “Manhattan of the desert”.
C. The Manhattan of the desert.
D. Manhattan of the desert.
E. Correct as is
2)
A. was
B. were
C. will be
D. is going to be
E. has been
3)
A. hieght
B. width
C. length
D. Correct as is
4)
A. Ireland, Scotland, France, Spain, and Greece
B. Ireland, Scotland, France, Spain and Greece
C. Ireland; Scotland; France; Spain; and Greece
D. Both A and B are correct
E. Both B and C are correct
5)
A. to have constructed
B. to had been constructed
C. to have been constructed
D. to has been constructed
E. Correct as is
6)
A. thwart
B. mollify
C. trick
D. enrage
E. engage
7)
A. mile-high skyscraper
B. mile of high skyscraper
C. skyscraper of a mile high
D. mile high-skyscraper
8)
A. to design
B. of designing
C. to designing
D. about designing
E. Correct as is
Solution: 1. B
2. A
3. D
4. D
5. C
6. A
7. A
8. B

5. Words/groups of words printed in italics, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, four words/group of words are provided which can substitute the word in printed italics. Select the choice which can correctly substitute that word. Read the passage below. Then answer questions about errors in the passage.
The atom is the basic building block of matter. One interesting aspect of the atom is its spatial composition. 1) Surprisingly, it is largely built from empty 2) space its nucleus made of protons and neutrons, 3) makes up only about a billionth of the atom itself. Another surprising aspect of the atom is its structure. 4) Because most of us maintain a mental model of the atom’s nucleus being orbited by discrete electrons, the 5) reality is way different than that traditional depiction. Scientists now prefer to describe the movement of electrons around the nucleus as a so-called 6) “wave-pattern cloud. In addition, models predicting the placement of electrons within the cloud 7) is described as one probability among many, 8) instead than depicting planet-like electrons orbiting a sun-like nucleus.
1)
A. made from
B. composed of
C. designed of
D. been calculated by
E. a product of
2)
A. space, it’s nucleus
B. space. it’s nucleus
C. space – it’s nucleus
D. space – its nucleus,
E. space: its nucleus,
3)
A. creates
B. comprises
C. establishes
D. produces
E. Correct as is
4)
A. However
B. Instead
C. Although
D. Conversely
E. Even if
5)
A. reality much more sophisticated than
B. reality is not nearly as close to
C. reality differs considerably from
D. actuality is not so simple as
E. fact is not as clear as
6)
A. “wave-pattern cloud”.
B. “wave-pattern cloud.”
C. wave-pattern cloud?”
D. “wave-pattern cloud,”
E. “wave-pattern cloud!”
7)
A. are now being described
B. are now a figure
C. now are described
D. describe
E. Correct as is
8)
A. rather than
B. notwithstanding
C. instead of
D. however
E. Both A and B are correct
F.Both A and C are correct
Solution:1. B
2. E
3. E
4. C
5. C
6. B
7. D
8. A

6. Words/groups of words printed in italics, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, four words/group of words are provided which can substitute the word in printed italics. Select the choice which can correctly substitute that word. Read the passage below. Then answer questions about errors in the passage.
The view of star formation offered by the Spitzer Space Telescope is one of 1) disruption through the telescope’s lens, it can be seen that the creation of a star disrupts nearby space. The Spitzer Space 2) Telescope launched in 2003 contradicts the widely held 3) thinking that mellifluous gas clouds gracefully 4) provide the creation of new stars. Early models of star 5) making concentrated on the evolution of isolated stars, whereas recent models have recognized that stars 6) interact with the other in their stellar neighborhood. The relative 7) low count of the stars 8) were attributed to the turbulence that these processes bring to the heavens.
1)
A. disruption.
B. disruption:
C. disruption,
D. disruption –
E. Correct as is
2)
A. Telescope, launched in 2003
B. Telescope launched in 2003,
C. Telescope, launched in 2003,
D. All of the above are correct
E. Both A and C are correct
F. Both A and B are correct
3)
A. idea
B. plan
C. pact
D. secret
E. Correct as is
4)
A. manage
B. facilitate
C. hinder
D. mollify
5)
A. beginning
B. life
C. history
D. formation
E. adaptation
F. gazing
6)
A. interact with one other
B. interact with one another
C. interact with each another
D. All of the above are correct
E. Both A and C are correct
F. Both and C are correct
7)
A. paucity
B. abundance
C. plethora
D. discrepancy
E. few
F. finality
8)
A. can to be attributed
B. are being attributed
C. can be attributed
D. able to attributed
E. Correct as is
Solution:1. A
2. C
3. A
4. B
5. D
6. E
7. A
8. C

7. Words/groups of words printed in italics, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, four words/group of words are provided which can substitute the word in printed italics. Select the choice which can correctly substitute that word. Read the passage below. Then answer questions about errors in the passage.
Jerry was recently informed of an upcoming test in statistics, which is a required portion of his 1) Ph.D. curriculum although hearing about the upcoming test, Jerry has acted 2) passionate and uninterested in social activities. This behaviour is an aberration for 3) him, he is normally quite gregarious and ebullient. 4) All his friends concur that his recent behaviour has some 5) correlation with the exam. Everybody has tried to evoke some of his normal 6) despair, but to no avail. His behaviour is very disconcerting. 7) They seem that efforts to bring out his usual exuberance only exacerbate his malaise. I believe the only antidote to 8) Jerrys uncharacteristic behaviour to be unmitigated success on his statistics exam.
1)
A. curriculum. While
B. curriculum. Rather than
C. curriculum. Since
D. curriculum. Before
E. curriculum. However
F. Correct as is
2)
A. aloof
B. abandoned
C. dissociated
D. disinterested
E. disparate
F. Correct as is
3)
A. him he
B. him: he
C. him; he
D. him – he
E. Correct as is
4)
A. His friends
B. His friends all
C. All of his friends
D. All of the above are correct
E. Both A and B are correct
F. Both A and C are correct
5)
A. corelacion
B. correlasion
C. correllation
D. correllasion
E. Correct as is
6)
A. conviviality
B. negligence
C. austerity
D. diffidence
E. ostentation
F. Correct as is
7)
A. Our efforts, they seem
B. It seems that efforts
C. It seems that efforts only
D. It seems the only efforts
E. Seemingly the efforts
F. Correct as is
8)
A. Jerries
B. Jerry’s
C. Jerrys’
D. Correct as is
Solution: 1. C
2. A
3. C
4. D
5. E
6. A
7. B
8. B

8. Words/groups of words printed in italics, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, four words/group of words are provided which can substitute the word in printed italics. Select the choice which can correctly substitute that word. Read the passage below. Then answer questions about errors in the passage.
Renaldo had a job at a large corporation in 1) Dallas Texas. He 2) enjoys work there, but he thought it could be run more efficiently. He pondered quitting his job, but 3) he had worries that he might not be able to find another one easily. One day he was reading the classified 4) adds in the newspaper, and he saw his dream job. He applied for the 5) job, although he was hired. He moved to the job which was in a 6) company more small. He almost immediately regretted his decision to change jobs. Although the company was smaller, it was run just 7) as slowly as his previous company. He called his former boss and asked for his old job back. Now he is back in his old office at his old company, and he realizes that every job has 8) it’s advantages and disadvantages.
1)
A. Dallas Texas.
B. Dallas – Texas.
C. Dallas, Texas.
D. Correct as is
2)
A. enjoys to work
B. enjoys working
C. enjoyed working
D. enjoy worked
E. Correct as is
3)
A. he worried
B. he was worried
C. he was worrying
D. All of the above are correct
E. Both A and B are correct
F. Both A and C are correct
4)
A. adds in
B. ads in
C. adds on
D. ads on
E. adds at
F. ads at
5)
A. job, but
B. job, so
C. job, and
D. job, for
E. Correct as is
6)
A. smaller company.
B. more small company.
C. smallest company.
D. Both A and B are correct
E. Correct as is
7)
A. as costly as
B. as great as
C. as quickly as
D. as incredibly as
E. as inefficiently as
F. as insanely as
8)
A. its
B. its’
C. it is
D. Both A and C are correct
E. Correct as is
Solution: 1. C
2. B
3. E
4. B
5. C
6. A
7. E
8. A

9. Words/groups of words printed in italics, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, four words/group of words are provided which can substitute the word in printed italics. Select the choice which can correctly substitute that word. Read the passage below. Then answer questions about errors in the passage.
My neighbor has a catering business. When people have parties at 1) their homes, my neighbor cooks for 2) them. she is a fabulous cook. Many customers contact her before they have a party. She asks them 3) alot of questions about the upcoming event. She finds out how people will be there. 4) Then her and the customer decide on a menu. My neighbor hires servers to serve the food and to 5) weight on the people. She usually cooks the meals in her own 6) home, because sometimes people ask her 7) to preparing the food at their houses. She enjoys 8) to do the working in her catering business, and she is really good at all the parts of the job.
1)
A. there
B. they’re
C. they are
D. Correct as is
2)
A. them cause she
B. them, She
C. them, but she
D. them, so she
E. them. She
3)
A. lot
B. a lots
C. a lot
D. lots
E. Both C and D are correct
F. Both A and C are correct
4)
A. Then, her and the customer
B. Then she and the customer
C. Then, she and the customer
D. Then, the customer and her
5)
A. wait
B. waits
C. weights
D. wate
E. Correct as is
6)
A. home, but
B. home but,
C. home, and,
D. home and,
E. Correct as is
7)
A. prepare
B. to prepare
C. for prepare
D. to do the preparing of
E. Correct as is
8)
A. to do work
B. working
C. about working
D. Correct as is
Solution: 1. D
2. E
3. E
4. C
5. A
6. A
7. B
8. B

10. Words/groups of words printed in italics, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, four words/group of words are provided which can substitute the word in printed italics. Select the choice which can correctly substitute that word. Read the passage below. Then answer questions about errors in the passage.
1) Me and my wife are planning to go to our children’s school conferences later this week. We have a son and a daughter. 2) our sun is in fifth grade, and our daughter is in 3) three grade. We have never been to a school conference in 4) united states before. We visited the elementary school when 5) we register our children. We also visited the school during an Open House. At this conference, 6) we will be answering to the 7) teachers, because we are both a little nervous about holding a conversation in English. Our friends have told us that the teachers will show us our children’s work. 8) We hoping we will not have to talk much. We have compiled a list of questions so we will be prepared.
1)
A. Me, my wife
B. Me with my wife
C. My wife and I
D. I and my wife
E. My wife and me
F. Correct as is
2)
A. our son are
B. Our son is
C. Our son am
D. Our son be
E. Our son was
F. Our son were
3)
A. third class.
B. three grades.
C. third grade.
D. third grades.
E. the grade third.
4)
A. the US
B. the USA
C. the United States of America
D. the United States
E. All of the above are correct
F. Both B and C are correct
5)
A. we registered are children.
B. we registered our children.
C. our children done registered.
D. our children got registered.
E. our children became registered.
6)
A. chatting with
B. talking with
C. speaking to
D. replying to
E. A, B, and C are correct
F. Both A and B are correct
7)
A. teachers, rather
B. teachers, unless
C. teachers, so
D. teachers, yet
E. Correct as is
8)
A. We hope
B. We will hope
C. We both hoping
D. Both A and C are correct
E. Correct as is
Solution: 1. C
2. B
3. C
4. E
5. B
6. E
7. C
8. A