English Knowledge - SPLessons

Reconstruction of Paragraphs

Chapter 20

SPLessons 5 Steps, 3 Clicks
5 Steps - 3 Clicks

Reconstruction of Paragraphs

Reconstruction of Paragraphs

shape Description

In Reconstruction of paragraph, the applicant is provided a paragraph of five or six sentences, which are placed in a jumbled order. The applicant is required to arrange the offered sentences to frame a meaningful paragraph and answer the questions based on the sequence so shaped.

shape Concept

Reconstruction of paragraph questions can be solved very easily, if the applicant’s vocabulary is good. So that the applicant can understand the meaning of the provided sentences and can arrange them in right order.
Key points to solve reconstruction of paragraphs easily: –
Connectors:
Connectors are those which connects the two sentences. Connectors are of two types. They are
1. Supporting or positive connector
2. Contradictory or negative connector

Supporting Contradictory
And But
Similarly However
Like wise Despite this
In the same vein On the other hand

By knowing the supporting and contradictory connectors, the arrangement of sentences is easy.
Example: John ans Sam goes to market. (Supporting connector)
John goes to market but Sam goes to school. (Contradictory connector)

Words in the beginning and end:
Some words usually gives hint if observed with proper attention, that from which the sentence starts and from which the sentence end.

Beginning End
Firstly Hence
First and foremost In conclusion
Initially Thus
Firstly, secondly, lastly Therefore, last but not the least

It is not compulsory, whether the above mentioned words present in each and every jumbled sentences or not. but if present then it is easy to solve the jumbled sentences.

Words in pairs:

If only then
Either Or
Though Yet
Neither Nor
Not only But also
Former Latter

Tips: –

  • Try to grasp the theme of the paragraph.
  • Abbreviation sentence comes after full form sentence.
  • The sentence with Pronoun comes after the sentence with Noun.
  • Tense and chronological hints

shape Model Questions

1. Rearrange the jumbled sentences into a meaningful order and then answer the questions that follow. (Bank P.O. 1994)
(A) But I think a better definition of happiness is the capacity for enjoyment.
(B) Turning to adults, ask any adult what he means by happiness and you will find a puzzled face for a moment.
(C) In the teenage years the concept of happiness changes to enjoyment and pleasure.
(D) Because the more we can enjoy what we have, the happier we are.
(E) The meaning of the word happiness changes with growing years, for a child happiness has a magical quality.
(F) Leave the puzzled face and refer a dictionary it defines happy as ‘lucky’ or ‘fortunate’.
1. Which sentence should come FIRST in the paragraph?
(a) B
(b) C
(c) D
(d) E
(e) F
2. Which sentence should come SECOND in the paragraph?
(a) A
(b) B
(c) C
(d) D
(e) E
3. Which sentence should come THIRD in the paragraph?
(a) B
(b) C
(c) D
(d) E
(e) F
4. Which sentence should come FOURTH in the paragraph?
(a) E
(b) F
(c) A
(d) B
(e) C
5. Which sentence should come LAST in the paragraph?
(a) C
(b) D
(c) E
(d) F
(e) A
Solution: 1. (d)
2. (c)
3. (a)
4. (b)
5. (b)

2. Rearrange the jumbled sentences into a meaningful order and then answer the questions that follow. (Bank P.O. 1994)
(A) Would you steal a software program out of a retail shop?
(B) The industry on its part has formed an organisation to specially gather information, educate and drag the software pirates to courts.
(C) But more than the legality, there is always a different way of looking at piracy and that is in terms of morality.
(D) The Government on the other hand has initiated National Enforcement Committees.
(E) As far as the issue of tackling piracy is concerned, both the industry and the Government have already started initiating action.
1. Which of the following should be the third sentence?
(a) E
(b) A
(c) B
(d) D
(e) C
2.Which of the following should be the first sentence?
(a) B
(b) C
(c) A
(d) E
(e) D
3.Which of the following should be the second sentence?
(a) A
(b) D
(c) C
(d) E
(e) B
4. Which of the following should be the last sentence?
(a) C
(b) B
(c) E
(d) A
(e) D
5.Which of the following should be the fourth sentence?
(a) D
(b) B
(c) C
(d) A
(e) E
Solution: 1. (d)
2. (d)
3. (e)
4. (d)
5. (c)

3. Rearrange the jumbled sentences into a meaningful order and then answer the questions that follow. (Bank P.O. 1994)
(A) You will probably have to sign a form promising to take care of the books
(B) Go to the library and see the clerk to become a member
(C) When you have chosen the books you wish to take home, you take them to the clerk with the tickets.
(D) Then you are usually given two or three tickets with your name and address on them
(E) He stamps the books with a date.
(F) The clerk keeps the tickets until you return the books
1. Which would be the FIRST sentence in the paragraph?
(a) A
(b) B
(3) C
(4) D
(5) E
2. Which would be the SECOND sentence in the paragraph?
(a) A
(b) B
(c) C
(d) D
(e) E
3. Which would be the THIRD sentence in the paragraph?
(a) B
(b) C
(c) D
(d) E
(e) F
4. Which would be the FOURTH sentence in the paragraph?
(a) B
(b) C
(c) D
(d) E
(e) F
5. Which would be the LAST sentence in the paragraph?
(a) B
(b) C
(c) D
(d) E
(e) F
Solution: 1. (b)
2. (a)
3. (c)
4. (b)
5. (e)

4. Rearrange the jumbled sentences into a meaningful order and then answer the questions that follow. (Bank P.O. 1994)
(A) But, we all helped in the first few days
(B) Chandrapur is considered as a rural area
(C) John was transfered to this office recently.
(D) Initially he was not getting adjusted to the city life.
(E) Now, John is very proud of his colleagues
(F) Before that he was working in Chadrapur branch of our office
1. Which sentence should come FIRST in the paragraph?
(a) A
(b) C
(c) D
(d) E
(e) F
2. Which sentence should come SECOND in the paragraph?
(a) B
(b) C
(c) D
(d) E
(e) F
3. Which sentence should come THIRD in the paragraph?
(a) A
(b) B
(c) C
(d) E
(e) F
4. Which sentence come FOURTH in the paragraph?
(a) A
(b) B
(c) C
(d) D
(e) E
5. Which sentence should come LAST (SIXTH) in the paragraph?
(a) A
(b) B
(c) D
(d) E
(e) F
Solution: 1. (b)
2. (e)
3. (b)
4. (d)
5. (d)

5. Rearrange the jumbled sentences into a meaningful order and then answer the questions that follow. (Bank P.O. 1994)
A. Yet as plastics do not decompose by bacteria or naturally in the air, they are a big threat to the environment.
B. Most people think that this is the right thing to do as it is economical.
C. Plastic containers are being used more and more to pack soft drinks, milk, oil, fruit juices, ketchup etc.
D. Plastic containers are cheap and light.
E. It is easier to transport materials packed in them than in glass bottles.
F. They also involve the least transport costs.
1. Which of the following should be the FIRST sentence?
(a) A
(b) B
(c) C
(d) D
(e) E
2. Which of the following should be the FOURTH sentence?
(a) B
(b) C
(c) D
(d) E
(e) F
3. Which of the following should be the SECOND sentence?
(a) A
(b) B
(c) C
(d) E
(e) F
4. Which of the following should be the THIRD sentence?
(a) A
(b) C
(c) D
(d) E
(e) F
5. Which of the following should be the FIFTH sentence?
(a) B
(b) C
(c) D
(d) E
(e) F
Solution: 1. (c)
2. (e)
3. (b)
4. (c)
5. (d)