It is vital to communicate effectively and to reach the farmers.
- For this purpose, farmers’ cooperatives, farmers’ associations and local structures such as panchayats can be developed.
- Skilled government officials and volunteers could participate in mass awareness campaigns in target districts.
- Vocational training will also significantly favor farmers.
Role of government
- Towards this goal, the state must interfere and involve established processes such as MNREGA.
- The Centre should permit states to provide in MNREGA activities such as harvesting and composting. It’s been a request of many states for many years.
- To produce high-grade compost, Parali can be combined with cow dung and decrease air pollution in North India.
- Gauthans are established in Chhattisgarh to fix this problem.
- A gauthan is a five-acre assigned plot shared by each village.
- All leftover parali is obtained by contributions from people and transformed by rural youth into organic fertilizer. It grants them a living.
- The government mainly encourages the transport of parali to the nearby gauthan from the farm.
Did You Know?
In-situ is a Latin phrase that means “on-site” or “in position”.
Integrated regenerative rural development model
It includes the restoration of rivers, preservation of animals, composting, and kitchen garden which use MNREGA via a representational system.
- In 2018, the government introduced a mechanization program for agriculture.
- This program offered a subsidy to buy the necessary equipment like Happy Seeders, zero till, mulcher, etc.
- The subsidy policy should be expanded to create widespread utilization of mechanization beyond 2020.
- The policy can be merged with banking and NABARD schemes to enable credit connections and decrease the burden of machine advance payment by farmers.
- Furthermore, all suggested machines must be incorporated in the subsidy program, providing farmers different choices based on the activity they choose.
Super Straw Management System (SSMS) –
SSMS-fitted combine implies that any loose straw thrown on the field and plant wheat is also trimmed and uniformly scattered.
Did You Know?
- NABARD was founded on 12 July 1982.
- Headquarters – in Mumbai
- Once paddy is substituted with potato or vegetable crops, farmers choose to take the straw out of the fields rather than composting or combining them.
- Ex-situ straw management provides choices for small scale or large scale commercial use of crop leftovers.
- Compost, biogas, fodder, fertilizers, fuel, fiberboards are the main components.
- R&D is needed for the whole straw market and could establish rural startups’ business designs.
- Corporations, government departments, state universities, farmers’ groups, and volunteers should properly promote this.
- The government should support the application of ex-situ straw machines.
Role of the Supreme Court
- A committee of economists, agricultural experts, farmer delegates, and bureaucrats should be established by the Supreme Court.
- This committee has to analyze the parali burning problem and discuss opportunities for the development of schemes such as MNREGA for harvesting and composting.
- A societal involvement that utilizes traditional knowledge and available resources and helped by governmental backing can improve this national issue.
Did You Know?
- MNREGA means Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005.
- First proposed – in 1991 – by PV Narasimha Rao