Current Affairs - Vocabulary - SPLessons

Current Affairs Vocabulary Day 191

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Current Affairs Vocabulary Day 191

shape Introduction

A Newspaper is a printed or online publication that provides readers with news and articles i.e. the current affairs of a country and the world. Current Affairs play a prominent role in several government related recruitment exams in India. To better understand the current state of affairs, a candidate should acquire rich vocabulary primarily used by editors and publications of newspaper articles and editorials. SPLessons has made an effort to provide a comprehensive list of commonly used words in newspaper articles and editorials. Current Affairs Vocabulary Day 191 provides the readers with a collection of useful vocabulary for newspapers.

shape Vocabulary

Word Definition Synonyms Usage
1. Complement (Noun) a thing that contributes extra features to something else in such a way as to improve or emphasize its quality
  • accompaniment
  • companion
  • addition
“local ales provide the perfect complement to fine food”
2. Demotion (Noun) reduction in rank or status.

  • reduction
  • degradation
  • devaluation
“she could remain on the staff if she accepted demotion to ordinary lecturer”
3. Punitive (Adjective) inflicting or intended as punishment
  • penal
  • disciplinary
  • corrective
“he called for punitive measures against the Eastern bloc”
4. Arbitrary (Adjective) based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system
  • capricious
  • whimsical
  • random
“an arbitrary decision”
5. Opaqueness (Adjective) not able to be seen through; not transparent
  • non-transparent
  • cloudy
  • filmy
“bottles filled with a pale opaque liquid”

Word Definition Synonyms Usage
6. Erratic (Adjective) not even or regular in pattern or movement; unpredictable.
  • unpredictable
  • inconsistent
  • changeable
“her breathing was erratic”
7. Maverick (Noun) an unorthodox or independent-minded person.
  • individualist
  • nonconformist
  • free spirit
“he’s the maverick of the senate
8. Wanton (Adjective) (of a cruel or violent action) deliberate and unprovoked
  • deliberate
  • wilful
  • malicious
“sheer wanton vandalism”
9. Ambiguity (Noun) the quality of being open to more than one interpretation; inexactness
  • ambivalence
  • equivocation
“we can detect no ambiguity in this section of the Act”

10. Internecine(Adjective) destructive to both sides in a conflict.
  • deadly
  • bloody
  • violent
“the region’s history of savage internecine warfare”

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