Current Affairs - Vocabulary - SPLessons

Current Affairs Vocabulary Day 243

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Current Affairs Vocabulary Day 243

shape Introduction

A Newspaper is a printed or online publication that provides readers with news and articles i.e. the current affairs of a country and the world. Current Affairs play a prominent role in several government-related recruitment exams in India. To better understand the current state of affairs, a candidate should acquire rich vocabulary primarily used by editors and publications of newspaper articles and editorials. SPLessons has made an effort to provide a comprehensive list of commonly used words in newspaper articles and editorials. Current Affairs Vocabulary Day 243 provides the readers with a collection of useful vocabulary for newspapers.

shape Vocabulary

Word Definition Synonyms Usage
Hobble (verb) walk in an awkward way, typically because of pain from an injury.
  • totter
  • dodder
  • assessment
  • falter
  • lurch
“And the Olympic silver medalist in Sydney looked to be in considerable pain as he hobbled off the track.’”
Vest (verb) confer or bestow (power, authority, property, etc.) on someone.
  • entrust
  • invest
  • bestow
  • confer
“Extensive powers were vested into the hands of the President who headed the executive branch of government.”
Draconian (adjective) excessively harsh and severe.
  • cruel
  • brutal
  • oppressive
  • ruthless
“There was a time when I would have argued that our libel laws were Draconian and should be amended.”
Attrition (Noun) (Verb) the process of reducing something’s strength or effectiveness through sustained attack or pressure.
  • erosion
  • abrasion
  • attenuation
“As a result of teacher attrition, a lot of classrooms are overcrowded.”
Shrill (Adjective) (of a voice or sound) high-pitched and piercing.
  • high-pitched
  • piercing
  • high
  • sharp
“When Rose was stabbed, she let out a shrill scream”

Word Definition Synonyms Usage
Impasse (Noun) a situation in which no progress is possible, especially because of disagreement; a deadlock.
  • dead end
  • deadlock
  • stalemate
  • munificence
  • checkmate
  • standstill
“Because of the impasse between workers and management, the factory has been closed for two weeks.”
Stentorian (adjective) (of a person’s voice) loud and powerful.
  • booming
  • clangorous
  • piercing
  • roaring
“When my father speaks in a stentorian voice, I know I’m in trouble.”
Siege (Noun) a military operation in which enemy forces surround a town or building, cutting off essential supplies, with the aim of compelling those inside to surrender.
  • blockade
  • barricade
  • restriction
“During the siege of the village, the villagers were forced to give up their property.”
Purloin (verb) steal (something).
  • loot
  • pilfer
  • steal
  • embezzle
“Sometimes it’s impossible to not purloin an excerpt from another person’s blog.”
Debasement (verb) the action of reducing the quality or value of something
  • abase
  • corrupt
“Currency debasement means that the more dollars there are in circulation, the less each dollar is worth.”

Word Definition Synonyms Usage
Defiance (noun) behavior in which you refuse to obey someone or something
  • forwardness
  • balkiness
“In defiance of the ceasefire, rebel troops are again firing on the capital.”
Foray (noun) a short visit, especially with a known purpose
  • invasion
  • descent
“I made a quick foray into town before lunch to get my sister a present.”
Fawning (adjective) displaying exaggerated flattery or affection; obsequious.
  • sycophantic
  • ingratiating
  • subservient
  • cajoling
“Because Larry really wants a promotion, he spends a great deal of time fawning over his boss.”
Furlough (noun) leave of absence, especially that granted to a member of the services of a missionary.
  • recess
  • rest
  • a day off
“I have just learned that Cousin George has got his furlough extended thirty days.”
Smug (adjective) having or showing an excessive pride in oneself or one’s achievements.
  • bighead
  • conceitedness
  • ego
  • vainglory
“Because Amit had a smug attitude during his meeting with the principal, he projected the image he was proud of his misdeeds.”

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