Current Affairs - Vocabulary - SPLessons

Current Affairs Vocabulary Day 287

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Current Affairs Vocabulary Day 287

shape Introduction

A Newspaper is a printed or online publication that provides readers with news and articles i.e. the current affairs of a country and the world. Current Affairs play a prominent role in several government-related recruitment exams in India. To better understand the current state of affairs, a candidate should acquire rich vocabulary primarily used by editors and publications of newspaper articles and editorials. SPLessons has made an effort to provide a comprehensive list of commonly used words in newspaper articles and editorials. Current Affairs Vocabulary Day 287 provides the readers with a collection of useful vocabulary for newspapers.

shape Vocabulary

Word Definition Synonyms Usage
Shrug (Verb) dismiss something as unimportant.
  • disregard
  • dismiss
  • take no notice of
“the managing director shrugged off the criticism”
Retaliation (Noun) the action of returning a military attack; counter-attack.
  • revenge
  • engeance
  • reprisal
“the bombings are believed to be in retaliation for the trial of 15 suspects”
Escalation (Noun) a rapid increase; a rise.
  • rapid increase
  • rise
  • hike
“cost escalations”
Formidable (Adjective) inspiring fear or respect through being impressively large, powerful, intense, or capable.
  • intimidating
  • forbidding
  • redoubtable
“a formidable opponent”
Catastrophic (Adjective) extremely unfortunate or unsuccessful.
  • disastrous
  • calamitous
  • cataclysmic
“catastrophic mismanagement of the economy”

Word Definition Synonyms Usage
Cede (Verb) give up (power or territory).
  • surrender
  • concede
  • relinquish
“in 1874, the islands were ceded to Britain”
Tangible (Adjective) perceptible by touch.
  • touchable
  • palpable
  • tactile
“the atmosphere of neglect and abandonment was almost tangible”
Slumped (Verb) sit, lean, or fall heavily and limply.
  • sit heavily
  • flop
  • flump
”she slumped against the cushions”
Belie (Verb) fail to give a true impression of (something).
  • contradict
  • be at odds with
  • call into question
“his lively, alert manner belied his years”
Posited (Verb) put forward as fact or as a basis for argument.
  • postulate
  • put forward
  • advance
“the Confucian view posits a perfectible human nature”

Word Definition Synonyms Usage
Desolate (Adjective) A desolate place is empty and not attractive, with no people or nothing pleasant in it
  • Gloomy
  • dull
“The house stood in a bleak and desolate landscape”
Siege (Noun) a military operation in which enemy forces surround a town or building, cutting off essential supplies, with the aim of compelling those inside to surrender.
  • blockade
  • barricade
  • restriction
“During the siege of the village, the villagers were forced to give up their property”
Stentorian (Adjective) (of a person’s voice) loud and powerful.
  • booming
  • clangorous
  • piercing
  • roaring
“When my father speaks in a stentorian voice, I know I’m in trouble”
Berate (Verb) cold or criticize (someone) angrily.
  • castigate
  • chastise
  • lambaste
  • reprimand
“Every time the referee made a questionable call, the fans would berate him and throw beans on the field”
Archetypal (Adjective) very typical of a certain kind of person or thing.
  • conventional
  • exemplary
  • stereotypical
  • prototypical
“The teacher who won educator of the year is a role model for other teachers and is viewed as the archetype of educators”

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