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Blue Revolution

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Blue Revolution

shape Introduction

  • From the mid-1960s, the world witnessed intense growth in the aquaculture industry.

  • Fisheries in India is a sunrise sector. Its varied resources and potential engage over 14.5 million people at primary level, and many more are involved along its value chain.

  • Foreseeing the high potential of aquaculture industry due to the Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries, the Prime Minister of India called it a ‘Blue Revolution’ in the sector.

  • The Blue Revolution included a wide range of multidimensional activities with a focus primarily on:

      1. The fisheries production, and

      2. The productivity of both inland and marine aquaculture and fisheries resources.

  • For all further information, visit the website: http://dahd.nic.in

The Blue Revolution aimed to create an enabling environment for the integrated development of fisheries to its full potential in the nation.

    1. Along with it, India witnessed a substantial improvement in the income status of fishermen and fish farmers.

    2. Sustainability, environmental concerns, and bio-security were three major aspects of this revolution.

  • The transformation of traditional to commercial fisheries sector has led to an increase in fish production. Figures reveal that it had decreased from 7.5 lakh tonne in 1950-51 to 100.7 lakh tonne in 2014-15.

  • The export earnings derived from the fisheries sector is registered at INR 33,441 crores in 2014-15.

  • During the Eleventh Five Year Plan, the annual growth rate of this sector amount to 4 percent. With this, the sector contributed to 0.92 percent of National Gross Domestic Product (NGDP) and 5 percent of Global Trade.

  • At present, India has attained the status of world’s second largest fish producer and second largest aquaculture nation.

Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries was launched in India with the following objectives:

  • The main objective of the scheme is to tap the full fish potential of the nation in the inland and marine sector. Further, the aim is to triple fish production by 2020.

  • It is essential to transform the fisheries sector into a modern industry with a focus primarily on new technologies and processes involved thereof.

  • The program aims to double the income of fisherman and fish farmers. Here the special focus is given to increasing productivity, better marketing, and improving post-harvest infrastructure.

  • It will ensure inclusive participation of fishermen and fish farmers for income enhancement.

  • It will enhance the nutritional and food security of the nation.

  • Focus is given to triple the export earnings by 2020. Benefits are delivered to the fishermen and fish farmers through institutional mechanisms in the producer companies, cooperative, and other structures.

  • The Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying, and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has restructured Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries scheme by merging all the ongoing schemes under the umbrella of Blue Revolution.

  • The restructured scheme provides a focus on:

    1. Focus is there on development and management of fisheries, including; inland fisheries, aquaculture, and marine fisheries.

    2. All activities are undertaken by the National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB).

  • The components included in the Blue Revolution scheme are:

  • All the components of the scheme encourage private investment in the sector with a focus on entrepreneurship development.

  • More Public-Private Partnership (PPP) models are encouraged.

  • The components also help in better leveraging of institutional finance.

  • The scheme encompasses capacity building and skill development of fisheries and its allied activities.

  • The scheme also aims to create post-harvest facilities, including the cold chain infrastructure.

There are four main components of Central Funding:

  • NFDB

  • Development of Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture (DIFA)

  • Development of Marine Fisheries, Infrastructure, and Post-Harvest Operations, and

  • National Scheme of Welfare of Fishermen.

The broad patterns of funding are:

  • Fifty percent of the project cost for general States are covered through Central Funding. The rest is fulfilled by the state agencies and organizations, cooperations, boards, federations, private entrepreneurs, fishers cooperatives, and individual beneficiaries.

  • The Central Funding covers 80 percent of the project cost in the North-Eastern Hilly States. The rest is born by State agencies, organizations, individuals, and cooperatives.

  • One hundred percent Central Funding is provided to the projects directly implemented by the Government of India through various institutes or organizations and Union Territories.

Following agencies have been involved in the successful implementation of the scheme:

  • Government of India, Central Government Institutes or Agencies, NFDB, Indian Council of Agricultural Institute (ICAR) Institutes, and similar organizations.

  • State Governments and Union Territories.

  • State Government Agencies or Organizations, Corporations, Boards, Federations, Panchayats, and Local Urban Bodies.

  • Individual beneficiaries, Scheduled Caste (SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs), Entrepreneurs, Women, and their co-operatives, Groups, Self-Helped Groups, and miscellaneous Fishermen Bodies are also essential implementation bodies.

    Blue Revolution is a Central Sector Scheme and is implemented in all the States in India, even in the North Eastern Indian States and Union Territories.

shape Abbreviations

List of Abbreviations:

Short Form Full Form
INR Indian Rupee
NGDP National Gross Domestic Product
NFDB National Fisheries Development Board
PPP Public-Private Partnership
DIFA Development of Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture
ICAR Indian Council of Agricultural Research
SCs Scheduled Castes
STs Scheduled Tribes

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