Current Affairs - Vocabulary - SPLessons

Current Affairs Vocabulary Day 189

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Current Affairs Vocabulary Day 189

shape Introduction

A Newspaper is a printed or online publication that provides readers with news and articles i.e. the current affairs of a country and the world. Current Affairs play a prominent role in several government related recruitment exams in India. To better understand the current state of affairs, a candidate should acquire rich vocabulary primarily used by editors and publications of newspaper articles and editorials. SPLessons has made an effort to provide a comprehensive list of commonly used words in newspaper articles and editorials. Current Affairs Vocabulary Day 189 provides the readers with a collection of useful vocabulary for newspapers.

shape Vocabulary

Word Definition Synonyms Usage
1. Prevalence (Noun) the fact or condition of being prevalent; commonness.
  • commonness
  • currency
  • widespread presence
“the prevalence of obesity in adults”

2. Chronic (Adjective) (of an illness) persisting for a long time or constantly recurring.
  • persistent
  • long-standing
  • long-term
“chronic bronchitis”
3. Diktat (Noun) an order or decree imposed by someone in power without popular consent.
  • decree
  • directive
  • edict
  • pitch
“a diktat from the Bundestag”
4. Spur (Noun) a thing that prompts or encourages someone; an incentive.
  • stimulus
  • incentive
  • encouragement
“wars act as a spur to practical invention”
5. Caveat (Noun) a warning or proviso of specific stipulations, conditions, or limitations.
  • warning
  • caution
  • admonition
“there are a number of caveats which concern the validity of the assessment results”

Word Definition Synonyms Usage
6. Conundrum (Noun) a confusing and difficult problem or question.
  • problem
  • vexed question
  • difficult question
“one of the most difficult conundrums for the experts”
7. Conviction (Noun) a formal declaration by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law that someone is guilty of a criminal offence.
  • declaration
  • pronouncement of guilt
“she had a previous conviction for a similar offence”
8. Beleaguered (Verb) put in a very difficult situation.
  • hard-pressed
  • troubled
“the board is supporting the beleaguered director”
9. Becalmed (Verb) leave (a sailing ship) unable to move through lack of wind.
  • stranded
  • stuck
  • marooned
“both boats hung on before the whole fleet was becalmed south of Rampholme”
10. Leeway (Noun) the amount of freedom to move or act that is available
  • freedom
  • scope
  • room to manoeuvre
“the government had greater leeway to introduce reforms”

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